Training Protocol on the Natural History of Tuberculosis
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01212003|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 30, 2010
Last Update Posted : May 12, 2023
- Study Details
- Tabular View
- No Results Posted
- How to Read a Study Record
- Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that affects numerous people worldwide. Researchers are interested in actively recruiting individuals with TB for research and treatment studies.
- To collect blood and other samples to study the natural history of tuberculosis.
- Individuals 2 years of age and older who have either active or latent tuberculosis.
- Latent TB patients: Participants will have a single study visit with a physical examination and medical history, and will provide blood samples for testing.
- Active TB patients: Participants will have an initial visit with a physical examination and medical history, and will provide blood samples for testing. Participants will also provide sputum samples if required, and may have an optional skin punch biopsy to collect a sample of skin tissue for study.
- Treatment for active TB will be provided as part of this protocol.
- Active TB participants may be asked to return for study visits every 1-2 months while receiving treatment....
|Condition or disease|
|Mycobacterium Infections Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant Latent Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis|
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a slow-growing bacterium that establishes latent infection in millions of persons worldwide, but only leads to disease in 10% or less of these individuals. It typically causes pneumonia, however dissemination to almost any other organ is possible. Drug resistance of the organism, co-infection with HIV, and paradoxical reactions upon treatment are all factors that may complicate treatment.
Host defense against mycobacterial infections is important. Specific defects within the innate immune system lead to Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial infections. HIV infected individuals and persons treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor antibodies are highly susceptible to tuberculosis (TB) infection. Genetic influence on susceptibility to TB disease is complex and does not seem to be confined to a single gene or pathway.
Advancement in molecular techniques has expanded our understanding of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of MTB. Identification of gene mutations that confer antibiotic resistance are being exploited as alternatives to conventional drug susceptibility testing.
The natural history of all forms of TB disease (including co-infection with HIV and other infections) will be followed, and MTB isolates and blood from 100 infected patients will be obtained in order to study organism virulence and host immune function and genetic/epigenetic factors. While it is recognized that the number of TB cases that occur in the Washington, DC area and nationally is low, it is imperative that a mechanism is in place to evaluate and treat these patients at the NIH Clinical Center. This protocol will also allow NIH infectious diseases trainees to manage challenging cases of TB.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||150 participants|
|Official Title:||Natural History of Tuberculosis|
|Actual Study Start Date :||June 30, 2011|
subjects with active TB as determined by smear, culture, or biopsy or have appropriately documented clinically suspicious active TB without definitive microbiology confirmation
subjects with documented evidence of a positive PPD skin test or Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRA) test meeting American Thoracic Society (ATS)/CDC guidelines for latent TB
- Increase in the number of TB patients being actively followed at the NIH CC to provide information on TB patients with DS and drug-resistant disease for hypothesis generation and hands-on experience in the management of TB [ Time Frame: ongoing ]increased number of TB patients being actively followed at the NIH CC
- Determination of subsets of lymphoid populations during various points in the treatment of TB [ Time Frame: ongoing ]subsets of lymphoid populations during various points in treatment of TB
- Description of whole genome sequences and their possible relationship to TB infection [ Time Frame: ongoing ]possible relationship of whole genome sequences to TB infection
- Collection of MTB specimens for studies of the organism and its pathogenesis [ Time Frame: ongoing ]collection of MTB specimens
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||2 Years to 100 Years (Child, Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
|Sampling Method:||Non-Probability Sample|
- INCLUSION CRITERIA:
FOR ALL PATIENTS
Patients may be included in this study who:
- Have or are suspected to have TB infection.
- Are aged 2 years or older.
- Have a primary care physician, infectious diseases physician, pulmonologist, or TB specialist outside of the NIH who can provide care of his or her TB infection outside the NIH, provide directly observed therapy (DOT) if necessary, and monitor for side effects and toxicity of TB medications.
- Are willing to consent to storage of specimens for future research.
- Able to provide informed consent for themselves or, if they lack the capacity to provide informed consent, have an appropriate Legally Authorized Representative (LAR; the study team will comply with NIH Human Research Protection Program [HRPP] Policy 403).
FOR PATIENTS WITH LATENT TB
In addition to the above-described inclusion criteria for all patients, patients may be included in the Latent TB part of this protocol who:
-Have documented evidence of a positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test or Interferon-gamma Release Assays (IGRA) test meeting American Thoracic Society (ATS)/CDC guidelines for latent TB; conversion can have occurred at any time.
FOR PATIENTS WITH ACTIVE TB
In addition to the above-described inclusion criteria for all patients, patients may be included in the Active TB part of this protocol who:
- Have active TB of any drug susceptibility pattern and any site of infection as determined by smear, culture, or biopsy.
- Have appropriately documented clinically suspicious active TB without definitive microbiology confirmation.
Patients will be excluded from this study who:
- Are incarcerated.
- Have been ordered by a court to take TB medications.
- Are unwilling or unable to comply with prescribed therapy.
- Are pregnant.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01212003
|Contact: Carla D Williams, R.N.||(301) email@example.com|
|Contact: Steven M Holland, M.D.||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: Carla Williams, B.S.N. 301-443-9460 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Steven M Holland, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Responsible Party:||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||September 30, 2010 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||May 12, 2023|
|Last Verified:||May 9, 2023|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses