Safety and Efficacy of Alemtuzumab in Pediatric Intestinal Transplantation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01208337
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 23, 2010
Results First Posted : June 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rakesh Sindhi, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
This open-label clinical trial will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Alemtuzumab (Campath, Bayer Corp., Pittsburgh) in children (0-17) and adults (18-25) receiving intestinal transplant. Seventy-five subjects receiving primary or repeat intestine transplantation will be enrolled. Primary endpoints include the incidence and severity of biopsy-proven acute cellular rejection, the incidence of freedom from steroids at 5 years, and the incidence of subjects with steroid-free Tacrolimus at whole blood concentrations < 10 ng/ml. Secondary endpoints include a) incidence and severity of opportunistic infections (CMV and EBV), post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD), and chronic rejection b) use of non-immunosuppressive co-medications, c) time to repopulation of all lymphocyte subsets, d) longitudinal characterization of donor-specific alloreactivity in mixed lymphocyte responses (MLR), to identify the time at which it decreases to a level less than third-party-specific alloreactivity e) longitudinal expression (mRNA) of genes, to identify rejection- and non-rejection-specific genes and f) characterization of whole genome mutations, which show differences in parent-to-child transmission between rejectors and non-rejectors. This will identify rejection- and non-rejection-specific genes bearing genetic variants, which might impact on gene function, and complement candidate gene identification efforts based on SNP transmission.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Evidence of Liver Transplantation Rejection ALEMTUZUMAB Drug: Alemtuzumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Intraoperatively, it is our impression that Alemtuzumab may predispose to mild coagulopathy. Therefore, we have elected to administer steroids, and withhold Alemtuzumab in the operating room for all small bowel transplant recipients.

  1. Premedication with acetaminophen 10 mg/kg orally + diphenhydramine 1 mg/kg intravenously + methylprednisolone 2 mg/kg, intravenously will occur 30 minutes before Alemtuzumab administration.
  2. Steroids up to 10 mg/kg as bolus will be administered intravenously in the operating room prior to reperfusion of the allograft followed by decreasing amounts of low-dose steroids post-transplant.

    Day 1 post-transplant: up to 5 mg/kg can be given Day 2 post-transplant: up to 4 mg/kg can be given Day 3 post-transplant: up to 3 mg/kg can be given Day 4 post-transplant: up to 2 mg/kg can be given Day 5 post-transplant: up to 1 mg/kg can be given

    Maintenance steroids are tapered thereafter by switching to equivalent amounts of oral prednisone, as soon as ileus results and oral intake intake is possible. By the end of the first month, all patients receive no more than 2.5-5 mg/day of prednisone. This amount is exceeded only if rejection occurs. Long-term prednisone usage may be elected in patients re-transplanted for chronic rejection.

  3. A single dose of Alemtuzumab 0.4-0.5 mg/kg will be given intravenously slowly post-operatively. Total dose will not exceed 30 mg.


  1. Tacrolimus will be initiated at 0.01 mg per kg body weight orally. If biopsy-proven rejection does not occur, Tacrolimus will be titrated to whole blood concentrations:

    Month 1: 15-20 ng/ml Months 2-3: 10-15 ng/ml Month 4-6: 8-10 ng/ml Months 6-12: 5-10 ng/ml

  2. This minimization protocol will be delayed by 3 months if biopsy proven acute cellular rejection occurs. At the event of rejection, Tacrolimus minimization and steroids sparing will be discontinued and standard immunosuppression will be instituted. For example, if rejection occurs, Tacrolimus is increased to month 1 levels of 15-20 ng/ml, and steroids added to the regimen. Steroids will be reduced or eliminated within 3 months of rejection, and tacrolimus minimization resumed as described above. These levels of Tacrolimus are our standards of care in the event of rejection. Current immunosuppressive protocols at our center include rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (rATG) with Tacrolimus monotherapy, or Tacrolimus + steroid without induction.
  3. Laboratory tests per clinical protocol. The clinical standard of care will be followed in performing post-Tx monitoring labs consisting of complete blood count with differential count, serum sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, BUN, creatinine and glucose, and liver function tests consisting of Total bilirubin, aspartate alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate glutamine transaminase (AST), and glutamyl galactosyl transaminase (GGT), and TAC whole blood concentrations. These laboratory tests are performed at least weekly in the first and second months, twice monthly in month 3, and monthly thereafter to the sixth month. The extra 1 to 11 ml needed for pharmacodynamic and pharmacogenomic studies is discussed further in items 5 and in Table 1.
  4. Surveillance intestinal allograft biopsies will be performed per clinical surveillance protocol-twice weekly in the first month, weekly in the second month, two-weekly in the third month, and at least monthly thereafter until the end of the 6th month, and at least annually thereafter. Surveillance biopsies are done because no blood test exists to indicate intestinal allograft dysfunction.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacogenomics, and Preliminary Safety and Efficacy of Alemtuzumab Induction and Tacrolimus in Pediatric Intestinal Transplantation (IND # 100496)
Study Start Date : April 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Alemtuzumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Alemtuzumab induction
Intestine transplant recipients who receive induction with alemtuzumab prior to transplantation.
Drug: Alemtuzumab
Alemtuzumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against the CD52 antigen. A single dose of 0.3-0.4 mg/kg is given to enrolled subjects at the time of intestine transplantation, 30 minutes after premedication with acetaminophen, diphenhydramine and methylprednisolone
Other Name: Campath H-1 (Genzyme, Cambridge, MA)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Post Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder (PTLD) [ Time Frame: 5 Year ]
    Asses safety of Alemtuzumab in combination with Tacrolimus and steroids in twenty-three pediatric intestine allograft recipients by calculating the rate in which PTLD occurred amongst the study population.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Biopsy-proven Acute Cellular Rejection [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
    Biopsy-proven incidence of acute cellular rejection

  2. Incidence of Patients in Whom Steroids Are Not Used [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    As part of analysis for assessing effectiveness and safety of Alemtuzumab Induction at the time of transplant, it is important to assess the incidence in which patients enrolled were able to wean off of steroids post-transplant compared to historical controls.

  3. Incidence of Patients in Whom Tacrolimus Whole Blood Concentration Less Than 10 ng/ml Are Being Used at 1-year Follow-up. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Tacrolimus whole blood concentrations less than 10 ng/ml

  4. Incidence of Patients in Whom Steroids Are Not Used [ Time Frame: 5 year ]
    As part of analysis for assessing effectiveness and safety of Alemtuzumab Induction at the time of transplant, it is important to assess the incidence in which patients enrolled were able to wean off of steroids post-transplant compared to historical controls.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Months to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 0-25 years
  • male and female
  • Primary intestine transplantation, repeat intestine transplantation, and intestine transplantation in the setting of a previous or simultaneous liver transplantation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • documented non-compliance
  • known hypersensitivity to egg protein
  • pregnancy
  • malignancy
  • hepatitis C and B defined as anti-HCV antibody positive, and anti-Hepatitis B surface antigen or Hepatitis B core antibody positive or HBV DNA positive.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01208337

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Rakesh Sindhi, MD Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC/University of Pittsburgh

Responsible Party: Rakesh Sindhi, Professor of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT01208337     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB0701088
First Posted: September 23, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 20, 2016
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by Rakesh Sindhi, University of Pittsburgh:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Antineoplastic Agents