Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in Dental Phobia (EMDR-DP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01207960|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 23, 2010
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2012
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Dental Phobia||Behavioral: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)||Not Applicable|
Dental phobia represents a clinical condition that affects 5-15% of the community and is characterized by severe anxiety of dental treatment which leads to avoidance of treatment and, as a consequence, severe dental as well as psychosocial problems.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) has been developed for the treatment of patients with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Its efficacy in PTSD patients has often been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials.
Recently it has been demonstrated that dental phobia is often induced by traumatic events during dental treatment and goes along with symptoms of PTSD in numerous patients.
A pilot study (de Jongh et al. 2002) gave hints on the efficacy of EMDR in four dental phobia patients with a history of traumatization during dental treatment.
This randomized wait-list control study aims to evaluate the efficacy of EMDR in a larger sample of dental phobia patients.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||24 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized Wait-list Control Study of the Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in Patients With Dental Phobia|
|Study Start Date :||January 2010|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 2011|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 2011|
Active Comparator: EMDR
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
Behavioral: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
The intervention consists of three 90-minute sessions of individual psychotherapy. Sessions take place weekly according to a treatment manual.
No Intervention: WLC
Wait-list control group. EMDR treatment takes place after 4 weeks of no treatment which represents the wait-list comparison interval.
- Dental anxiety [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Dental anxiety is assessed by the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and the Dental Fear Survey (DFS).
- Dental anxiety [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Dental anxiety is assessed by the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and the Dental Fear Survey (DFS).
- Dental anxiety [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Dental anxiety is assessed by the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and the Dental Fear Survey (DFS).
- General psychopathology [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 3 months, 12 months ]General psychopathology is assessed by the Brief Symptom Scale (BSI).
- Anxiety and depression [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 3 months, 12 months ]Anxiety and depression are assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
- Behavioral test [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Dentral anxiety is assessed during a dental visit before and after treatment/wait-list control condition by means of a standardized behavior obeservation and interview.
- Dental treatment [ Time Frame: 3 months, 12 months ]Does the patient tolerate dental treatment within 3 and 12 months after Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)?
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01207960
|Psychosomatics in Dentistry, Dept. of Prosthodontics & Material Science, University Hospital Muenster|
|Muenster, Germany, 48149|
|Principal Investigator:||Stephan Doering, MD||University of Muenster, Germany|