Azacitidine and Entinostat in Treating Patients With Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Been Removed By Surgery
|Stage IA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma||Drug: Azacitidine Drug: Entinostat Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Randomized Phase II Trial of Adjuvant Combined Epigenetic Therapy With 5-Azacitidine and Entinostat in Resected Stage I Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Versus Standard Care|
- Disease-free survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The DFS hazard rate and 95% confidence interval will be reported. At this time, event time distributions for disease-free survival in the two arms will be estimated with the method of Kaplan and Meier and compared using a stratified Cox-proportional hazards model (stratified for stage IA vs IB) with a two-sided alpha of 10%.
- Factors that predict clinical outcome in patients treated with combination epigenetic therapy in terms of epigenomic data generated from the Illumina platform [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
- Median disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]Determined by the method determined by Kaplan and Meier. Estimated with 95% confidence intervals. Cox proportional hazard modeling will be used for multivariate analysis.
- Number of relapses and deaths per total time of follow-up comparing patients with N2 lymph nodes in terms of methylated and unmethylated [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]Kaplan Meier curves will be used.
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]Determined by the method determined by Kaplan and Meier. Estimated with 95% confidence intervals. Cox proportional hazard modeling will be used for multivariate analysis.
- Presence of methylation patterns [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]McNemar's test will be used to compare the change in methylation after treatment in sputum.
- Toxicities graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]Simple descriptive statistics will be utilized to display the data.
|Study Start Date:||September 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Arm I (azacitidine, entinostat)
Patients receive azacitidine SC on days 1-5 and 8-10 and entinostat PO QD on days 3 and 10. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other Names:Drug: Entinostat
Other Names:Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
No Intervention: Arm II (standard of care)
Patients receive standard of care.
I. To assess the effect of 5-azacitidine and entinostat on the hazard of 3 year progression-free survival in patients with resected stage I non-small cell lung cancer.
I. To assess the safety, tolerability and toxicity of entinostat and 5-azacitidine in patients with resected stage I non-small cell lung cancer.
II. To explore the effect of entinostat and 5-azacitidine on median disease-free and overall survival in patients with resected stage I non-small cell lung cancer.
III. To assess the pharmacodynamic effects of 5-azacitidine and entinostat on DNA methylation and gene re-expression in patients with resected stage I NSCLC through analysis of sputum.
IV. To estimate the effect of entinostat and 5-azacitidine on progression free survival comparing patients with N2 lymph nodes categorized as methylated pre-treatment with those who are categorized as unmethylated.
V. To establish factors that predict clinical outcome in patients treated with combination epigenetic therapy by performing genome-wide analyses on pre-treatment tumor DNA.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive azacitidine subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-5 and 8-10 and entinostat orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 3 and 10. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive standard of care.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01207726
|United States, California|
|USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033|
|United States, Florida|
|Moffitt Cancer Center|
|Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612|
|United States, Maryland|
|Anne Arundel Medical Center|
|Annapolis, Maryland, United States, 21401|
|Greater Baltimore Medical Center|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21204|
|Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224|
|Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232|
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232|
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center|
|Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles Rudin||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital|