Adaptive Radiotherapy in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01207063
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 22, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maastricht Radiation Oncology

Brief Summary:
The investigators group uses an individualised radiation dose approach in which the dose is escalated up to pre-defined tissue constraints (see below). The target dose to the tumor is 69Gy. However, this dose cannot be reached in approximately 30% of the patients, even with an IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy) technique, because the MLD (Mean Lung Dose) constraint of 20Gy is reached at a TTD (Total Treatment Dose) below 69Gy. In this study, the investigators will adapt the treatment by performing a new (PET)-CT at day 12 during radiotherapy and in case of a decreased Planning Target Volume (PTV), the dose mey be increased.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Other: Radiotherapy and concurrent chemo-therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Eligible patients will receive concurrent chemo-radiotherapy to the primary tumor and the initially involved mediastinal lymph nodes to an MLD (Mean Lung Dose) of 20 +/- 1Gy, irrespective of lung function.

Other dose constraints: spinal cord max: 54Gy, brachial plexus (Dmax):66Gy.

In concurrent with chemotherapy, radiotherapy will be delivered as follows:

  1. First three weeks /30 fractions:twice-daily fractions of 1.5Gy, with 8h to 10h as interfraction interval, 5 days per week. Total dose: 45Gy/30 fractions.
  2. Thereafter: once-daily fractions of 2.0Gy, 5 days per week until the target dose has been reached.

In sequential or radiotherapy alone schedules, twice-daily 1.8Gy with an interfraction interval of at least 8h will be delivered.

The radiation doses will be specified according to ICRU 50. Lung density corrections will be applied, as well as all standard QA procedures. Technical requirements are the same as in standard practice at MAASTRO clinic.

Chemotherapy schedules allowed:

  1. 1-2 cycles induction chemotherapy: any third generation schedule is allowed. The type will be registered.
  2. Concurrent part: (day 1=first day of radiotherapy)

    1. cisplatin-vinorelbine
    2. cisplatin-docetaxel
    3. cisplatin-etoposide
    4. cisplatin-pemetrexed in non-squamous histologies

Q3 week; 3 cycles

When the calculated creatinin clearance is less than 60 ml/min, cisplatin may be substituted for carboplatin.

In case the TTD(Total Treatment Dose)=69Gy cannot be reached because of a limiting MLD, a FDG-PET-CT will be performed at day 12 during radiotherapy. GTV's (Gross Tmor Volume), CTV's (Clinical Target Volume) and PTV's (Planning Target Volume) will be delineated and a new plan calculated. The endpoint will be the proportion of patients that will receive 69Gy.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Adaptive Radiotherapy for Stage II-III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : March 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radiotherapy Other: Radiotherapy and concurrent chemo-therapy
Radiotherapy and concurrent chemo-therapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients able to receive 69Gy as TTD [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  2. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  3. Dyspnea (CTCAE 4.0) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  4. Dysphagia (CTCAE 4.0) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  5. Patterns of recurrence [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histological or cytological proven NSCLC
  • UICC stage I-III, or solitary metastases (<6), which are amendable for radical local treatment
  • Performance status 0-2
  • IMRT technique

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not NSCLC of mixed NSCLC and other histologies (e.g. small cell carcinoma)
  • Stage IV, except for solitary (<6) metastases
  • Performance status 3 or more

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01207063

MAASTRO clinic
Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands, 6229 ET
Sponsors and Collaborators
Maastricht Radiation Oncology

Responsible Party: Maastricht Radiation Oncology Identifier: NCT01207063     History of Changes
First Posted: September 22, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Keywords provided by Maastricht Radiation Oncology:
Stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms