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Selumetinib With or Without Temsirolimus in Treating Patients With Metastatic, Recurrent, or Locally Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01206140
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2010
Results First Posted : October 5, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2015
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial is studying how well giving selumetinib together with or without temsirolimus works in treating patients with metastatic, recurrent, or locally advanced soft tissue sarcoma that cannot be removed by surgery. Selumetinib and temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether giving selumetinib together with temsirolimus is more effective than giving selumetinib alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma Stage III Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma Stage IV Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Selumetinib Drug: Temsirolimus Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Compare the progression-free survival of the MEK inhibitor, AZD6244 (selumetinib) alone, and the combination of AZD6244 and a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor (mTORi), temsirolimus (CCI-779) in patients with recurrent metastatic or recurrent locally unresectable soft-tissue sarcomas.


I. Determine the rates of apoptosis, autophagy, and proliferation with AZD6244 alone, and in combination with temsirolimus by immunohistochemistry in tumor and surrogate skin tissue biopsies. (exploratory) II. Assess the activation status of protein kinase B (Akt), 5E-BP1, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma, 1 (eIF-4G), and ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K) in tumor biopsy samples and surrogate skin tissue biopsy samples.(exploratory) III. Assess inhibition of activated mitogen-activated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. (exploratory) IV. Assess response by Choi criteria. V. Compare the response rate and 4-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate in patients treated with these regimens.

VI. Compare the response rate, 4-month PFS rate and toxicity of AZD6244 alone and in combination with temsirolimus.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive selumetinib orally (PO) twice daily on days 1-28 and temsirolimus intravenously (IV) over 30-60 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22.

ARM II: Patients receive selumetinib as in arm I. Patients who experience disease progression may cross over to arm I.

In both arms, courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up for 30 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Phase II Trial of AZD6244 Alone and AZD6244 Plus Temsirolimus for Soft-Tissue Sarcomas
Study Start Date : October 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (selumetinib and temsirolimus)
Patients receive selumetinib PO twice daily on days 1-28 and temsirolimus IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Selumetinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ARRY-142886
  • AZD6244
  • MEK Inhibitor AZD6244

Drug: Temsirolimus
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CCI-779
  • CCI-779 Rapamycin Analog
  • Cell Cycle Inhibitor 779
  • Rapamycin Analog
  • Rapamycin Analog CCI-779
  • Torisel

Experimental: Arm II (selumetinib)
Patients receive selumetinib as in arm I. Patients who experience disease progression may cross over to arm I.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Selumetinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ARRY-142886
  • AZD6244
  • MEK Inhibitor AZD6244

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Until disease progression or death, up to 4.5 years ]
    Progression-free survival was estimated using the product-limit method of Kaplan and Meier. Progression wasl evaluated in this study using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions, or death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Objective Response [ Time Frame: Evaluated for response after every two cycles, up to 4.5 years. ]
    Response evaluated using the Choi criteria. CR - disappearance of all lesions and no new lesions; PR - a decrease in size (the sum of longest diameters of target lesions as defined in RECIST) of 10% or more or a decrease in tumor density (HU) of 15% or more on CT and no new lesions and no obvious progression of nonmeasurable disease; SD - does not meet the criteria for CR, PR, or PD and no symptomatic deterioration attributed to tumor progression; PD - an increase in tumor size of 10% or more and does not meet criteria of PR by tumor density (HU) on CT or new lesions or new intratumoral nodules or increase in the size of the existing intratumoral nodules. Objective response = CR+PR.

  2. 4 -Month Progression-free Survival Rate. [ Time Frame: Four months ]
    Progression-free survival rate was calculated using the survival distribution function, and 95% confidence limits were calculated using the log-log transformation. Progression was defined using the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions, or death.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have had histologic verification of soft-tissue sarcoma at original diagnosis (GIST subtype is eligible)
  • Patients must have metastatic (de novo or recurrent) or locally advanced, unresectable disease; patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral CT scan
  • ECOG 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 50%)
  • Patients may have received 0-2 prior cytotoxic chemotherapeutic regimens for metastatic or recurrent disease (single-agent or combination chemotherapies)
  • Estimated life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 gm/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper institutional limits of normal, or calculated creatinine clearance >= 45mL/min, based on the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • SGPT (ALT) =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance
  • Pulse oximetry > 94% if there is clinical indication for determination
  • For women: must be surgically sterile, postmenopausal, or compliant with a medically approved contraceptive regimen (for example, intrauterine device [IUD], birth control pills, or barrier device) during and until 4 weeks after the last dose of study treatment; must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days before study enrollment, and must not be breast-feeding; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner participating in this study, the patient should inform her treating physician immediately; for men: must be surgically sterile or compliant with a contraceptive regimen during and for 16 weeks after the treatment period; please note that the AZD6244 manufacturer recommends that adequate contraception for male patients should be used for 16 weeks post-last dose due to sperm life cycle
  • All patients must sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with pediatric-type sarcomas (Ewing's or primitive neuroectodermal tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, and desmoplastic small round cell tumor)
  • Concomitant Medications

    • Growth factor(s): growth factors that support platelet or white cell number or function must not have been administered within the past 7 days
    • Steroids: patients with CNS tumors who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of dexamethasone for the past 7 days
    • Investigational Drugs: patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug
    • Anti-cancer Agents: patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents; at least 3 weeks must have elapsed since prior chemotherapy or radiation (6 weeks for mitomycin-C and nitrosureas)
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to AZD6244
  • Previous MEK inhibitor use
  • Patients with QTc interval > 450 msecs or other factors that increase the risk of QT prolongation or arrhythmic events (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of long QT interval syndrome); this may be determined by either Bazett's correction (QTc =QT/RR0.5) or Friderica's correction (QTc = QT/RR0.33); QTc exclusion > 450 msec requires calculation according to both formulas
  • Patients unable to swallow the AZD6244 capsules are ineligible
  • Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease), or significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, uncontrolled, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the effects of AZD6244 on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with AZD6244
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with AZD6244; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study
  • Prior cardiac history of uncontrolled hypertension, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Classification >= class II, current or prior cardiomyopathy, baseline LVEF < 50%, ongoing atrial fibrillation, recent myocardial infarction or unstable ischemic heart disease
  • Concomitant Strong CYP1A2 or CYP3A4 inducers and/or inhibitors; prior treatment with an mTOR inhibitor for recurrent soft-tissue sarcoma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01206140

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United States, California
Tower Cancer Research Foundation
Beverly Hills, California, United States, 90211-1850
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
University of California Davis Phase 2 Consortium
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Comprehensive Cancer Network
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Principal Investigator: Warren Chow City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01206140    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02532
NCI-2011-02532 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PHII-95 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center )
8412 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00038 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA033572 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 21, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 5, 2015
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2015
Last Verified: January 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs