Methadone in Neuropathic Pain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01205516
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 20, 2010
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2017
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation
Dalhousie University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mary Lynch, Nova Scotia Health Authority

Brief Summary:

INTRODUCTION: There is an important need for inexpensive drugs that treat neuropathic pain. Early research suggests that methadone may be a good, inexpensive drug to treat neuropathic pain. Methadone is available in a low cost powder that is easily prepared for different routes of administration. This study will look at the effect and safety of methadone compared to the regular treatment of morphine for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain.

OBJECTIVES: First the investigators want to determine if methadone is effective and safe for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Since a placebo control group would be unethical, the proposed comparator will consist of the "gold standard" conventional treatment, controlled release morphine. The investigators will compare methadone to controlled-release morphine with regard to how it affects the level of pain and extent of side effects. Next the investigators want to examine safety as well as to determine whether methadone leads to improvements in physical and emotional functioning, and participants' satisfaction with the treatment.

METHODS: A double blind, randomized trial comparing methadone and controlled release morphine is proposed. After 1-week, participants will be randomly assigned to either methadone or controlled release morphine and will gradually build to a dose at which they receive adequate pain relief without unacceptable levels of side effects. This 5-week phase will be followed by a 6-week dose phase and then a 4-week tapering off phase.

Study drug: The study drug is methadone supplied in 2.5 mg tablets. The comparator will consist of controlled release morphine in 10 mg tablets. The dose of each will range from 1-12 tablets taken every 12 hours (dose ranges methadone 5-60 mg/day, controlled release morphine 20-240 mg/day).

Setting: This is a 3-site study involving pain clinics in Halifax, Nova Scotia; London, Ontario; and Calgary, Alberta.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Neuropathic Pain Drug: Methadone Drug: Controlled Release Morphine Phase 4

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : January 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Methadone Drug: Methadone
Patients in the methadone arm will be supplied with 2.5 mg tablets. The dose will consist of 1-12 tablets taken twice daily, every 12 hours (range 5-60 mg per 24 hours).

Active Comparator: Controlled Release Morphine
Controlled release morphine supplied in 10 mg tablets, 1-12 tablets taken twice daily, every 12 hours (range 20-240 mg per 24 hours).
Drug: Controlled Release Morphine
controlled release morphine supplied in 10 mg tablets, 1-12 tablets taken twice daily, every 12 hours (range 20-240 mg per 24 hours).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. to determine if methadone is an effective opioid for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age greater than18 years
  • Chronic neuropathic pain of central or peripheral origin for 3 months or longer as determined by the study physician and a score of 4/10 or greater on the DN4
  • Moderate to severe pain as defined by average 7-day pain score of greater than 4 on an 11-point numerical rating scale for pain intensity (NRS-PI).
  • Physician has identified that an opioid is a valid adjunctive treatment for the chronic neuropathic pain.
  • Concomitant non-opioid analgesic medications must have been stable for 14 days.
  • Co-interventions such as TENS, acupuncture and massage must have been stable for 14 days prior to the trial
  • If taking an opioid, maximum dose of opioid in oral morphine equivalents (OME) is 90 mg/24 hours.
  • Ability to follow the protocol with reference to cognitive and situational conditions; e.g., stable housing, able to attend follow-up visits.
  • Willing and able to give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients on a dose of opioid that exceeds 90 mg/24 hours in OME
  • Pregnant or lactating women (women of childbearing potential must have negative pregnancy test)
  • History of psychosis
  • History of (within the past 2 years) , or current, substance dependency disorder
  • Excluded medications are listed in Appendix 1.
  • Presence of clinically significant cardiac or pulmonary disorder on physical exam that would compromise participants' safety in the trial as judged by the study physician.
  • Presence of significant conduction delay, ischemia or arrhythmia on screening ECG
  • Presence of severe pain disorder other than the chronic neuropathic pain under study that would interfere with patient's ability to determine effect of study treatment on the chronic neuropathic pain
  • Abnormalities above 1.5 times upper range of normal on screening CBC, blood chemistry including BUN, Cr, LDH, AST, ALT
  • Patients with a history of allergy to any opioid.
  • Participation in another clinical trial in the 30 days prior to enrolment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01205516

Contact: Mary E Lynch, MD 902-473-6428
Contact: Sara Whynot, dHSA 902-473-7449

Canada, Nova Scotia
QEII Health Science Centre Pain Management Unit Recruiting
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 2Y9
Contact: Mary Lynch, MD         
Canada, Ontario
St. Joseph's Health Care Centre, Neuropathic Pain Clinic Recruiting
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A4L6
Contact: Dwight Moulin, MD    519-685-8661   
Canada, Quebec
Alan Edwards Pain Management Unit, McGill University Health Centre Recruiting
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3G1A4
Contact: Jordi Perez, MD PhD    514-934-8222   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nova Scotia Health Authority
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation
Dalhousie University

Responsible Party: Mary Lynch, MD FRCPC, Nova Scotia Health Authority Identifier: NCT01205516     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDHA-RS/2010-Meth
First Posted: September 20, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Antitussive Agents
Respiratory System Agents