Concomitant Use of Apremilast for the Treatment of Active RA Despite TNF-Inhibition and Methotrexate- CATARA (CATARA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01204138
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (decision of sponsor to withdraw before initiation; 0 patients enrolled)
First Posted : September 17, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2016
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Genovese, Stanford University

Brief Summary:
A Phase II, single institution, double blind, randomized, placebo controlled, cross-over study exploring the safety and efficacy apremilast in patients with active RA with concomitant use of TNF inhibition. Following a screening period, patients with active disease on stable TNF inhibition will be randomized to receive either apremilast or placebo for a period of 12 weeks. At the end of 12 weeks patients will be assessed for efficacy using the ACR responder index looking for a 20% improvement, then all patients initially randomized and treated in a blinded fashion with apremilast will be crossed over to placebo while those patients initially randomized and treated with placebo will be crossed over to apremilast. Patients will be followed for an additional 12 weeks on treatment to assess both safety and efficacy of this combination treatment. Following 24 weeks of active treatment or early termination, patients will undergo a 28 day safety visit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Arthritis, Rheumatoid Drug: Apremilast Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of apremilast when used in combination with a background DMARD and TNF inhibition in patients with active RA using the ACR responder index looking for a 20% improvement.

To evaluate the safety and tolerability of apremilast when used in combination with TNF inhibition in patients with active RA.

To evaluate the clinical outcomes in RA using the individual domains of the ACR responder index1 .

To evaluate the clinical outcomes of RA using the Disease Activity Score (DAS28)2 To investigate the effects of apremilast on change in cytokine plasma concentration levels (from baseline to Week 12) and the achievement of an ACR response

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Concomitant Use of Apremilast for the Treatment of Active RA Despite TNF-Inhibition and Methotrexate- CATARA
Study Start Date : September 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: placebo
Patient randomized to one of two arms, either placebo, or Apremilast
Drug: Placebo
Placebo BID
Active Comparator: Apremilast
Patients randomized to either placebo or apremilast
Drug: Apremilast
Apremilast 30mg BID

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 20% improvement based on ACR responder criteria [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ACR 50/70 and DAS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  • 18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  • Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Must have a diagnosis of RA of at least 6 months duration based on the ACR criteria
  • Must have evidence of active disease with DAS-28 > 3.8
  • May be on one of the following DMARDs for at least 12 weeks and at a stable dose for at least 6 weeks:

    • Methotrexate 7.5-25mg/week
    • Hydroxychloroquine (200-400mg/day)
  • Must be on one of the following SQ TNF inhibitors at a stable, label approved dose for at least 12 weeks:

    • adalimumab (Humira®, Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL)
    • certolizumab pegol (Cimzia®, UCB, Inc, Smyrna, GA)
    • golimumab (Simponi®, Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ)
    • etanercept (Enbrel®, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Philadelphia, PA)
  • Concommitant use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or oral corticosteroids (prednisone<10mg/day or equivalent) are permitted if doses have been stable for at least 14 days.
  • If taking methotrexate, patient must also be taking folic or folinic acid at at dose of no less then 5mg/week.
  • Must meet the following laboratory criteria:

    • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
    • White blood cell (WBC) count; 3000 /;L (3.0 X 109/L) and 14,000/L (< 14 X 109/L)
    • Platelets; 100,000 /L (100 X 109/L)
    • Serum creatinine; 1.5 mg/dL (or 133mol/L)
    • Total bilirubin; 2.0 mg/dL
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST [serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, SGOT]) and alanine transaminase (ALT [serum glutamate pyruvic transaminase, SGPT]); 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)‡ must have a negative urine pregnancy test at screening (Visit 1). In addition, sexually active FCBP must agree to use TWO of the following adequate forms of contraception while on study medication: oral, injectable, or implantable hormonal contraceptives; tubal ligation; intrauterine device; barrier contraceptive with spermicide; or vasectomized partner while on study. A FCBP must agree to have pregnancy tests every 4 weeks while on study medication and for one month after taking the last dose of study medication.
  • Males (including those who have had a vasectomy) must agree to use barrier contraception (latex condoms) when engaging in reproductive sexual activity with FCBP while on study medication and for 28 days after taking the last dose of study medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to provide voluntary consent
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Systemic fungal infection
  • Active tuberculosis or a history of incompletely treated tuberculosis
  • History of recurrent bacterial infection (at least 3 major infections resulting in hospitalization and/or requiring intravenous antibiotic treatment within the past 2 years)
  • Clinically significant abnormality on the chest x-ray (CXR) with anteriorposterior and lateral views at screening. Chest x-rays performed within 3 months prior to start of study drug are acceptable.
  • Use of any investigational medication within 4 weeks prior to start of study drug or 5 pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic half-lives (whichever is longer)
  • Any clinically significant abnormality on 12-lead ECG at screening
  • History of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (eg, Common Variable Immunodeficiency [CVID])
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen positive or Hepatitis B core antibody positive at screening
  • History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
  • Antibodies to Hepatitis C at screening
  • History of malignancy within 5 years prior to the screening visit (except for treated [i.e. cured] basal cell skin carcinomas and treated [i.e. cured] carcinoma in situ of the cervix)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01204138

United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
Celgene Corporation
Principal Investigator: Mark Genovese Stanford University

Responsible Party: Mark Genovese, Principle Investigator, Stanford University Identifier: NCT01204138     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SU-08312010-6811
First Posted: September 17, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016

Keywords provided by Mark Genovese, Stanford University:
RA, treatment, TNF, cytokines

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents