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Development of Standards for the New Ballard Maturation Score (Ballard)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01203449
First Posted: September 16, 2010
Last Update Posted: June 8, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Information provided by:
NICHD Neonatal Research Network
  Purpose
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of gestational age (GA) estimates by using the New Ballard Score (NBS) in newborns 24 to 27 weeks GA with accurate obstetric estimates of GA. Secondary purposes were: (1) to compare the accuracy of GA estimates derived from the NBS, the original Ballard score, and the physical items of the original Ballard score and (2) to compare these measures of GA and best obstetric estimates of GA as predictors of survival, morbidity, and hospital stay among infants <28 weeks' gestation and among very low birth weight infants in general.

Condition
Infant, Newborn Infant, Low Birth Weight Infant, Small for Gestational Age Infant, Premature Pregnancy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Development of Standards for the New Ballard Maturation Score

Further study details as provided by NICHD Neonatal Research Network:

Enrollment: 1090
Study Start Date: June 1994
Study Completion Date: March 1996
Primary Completion Date: March 1996 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

The Ballard maturational assessment is commonly used to estimate gestational age (GA) when the menstrual history and other obstetrical estimates of GA are uncertain. The original Ballard Score and the New Ballard Score are based on the assumption that the fetal skin, subcutaneous tissues, and neuromuscular system mature at predictable rates.

Because of variation in maturation rates among healthy fetuses or abnormalities of fetal development, fetal maturation can vary at a given GA. For very premature infants, small differences in GA result in large differences in outcome and may even determine whether intensive care is given.

The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of GA estimates by using the NBS in newborns 24 to 27 weeks GA with accurate obstetric estimates of GA. Secondary purposes were: (1) to compare the accuracy of GA estimates derived from the NBS, the original Ballard score, and the physical items of the original Ballard score and (2) to compare these measures of GA and best obstetric estimates of GA as predictors of survival, morbidity, and hospital stay among infants <28 weeks' gestation and among very low birth weight infants in general.

For this study, eligible infants included those with birth weights of 401-1500g born in the National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network (NRN). Before 48 hours of age, enrolled infants were examined using the New Ballard Score by trained and certified research nurses masked to obstetric estimates of gestational age. A best obstetrical estimate of GA, used for screening of potentially eligible infants, was determined from the last menstrual period, obstetrical measures, and ultrasound findings recorded on the labor and delivery records.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 48 Hours   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Infants born in the NICHD Neonatal Research Network during the study period.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • <28 weeks gestational age by best obstetrical estimate
  • Availability of mother's prenatal records for review
  • First prenatal visit occurred before 17 weeks' gestation
  • Mother's menstrual history allowed calculation of GA at birth
  • Mother reported the duration of her usual menstrual cycles as 21 to 35 days
  • Mother had 3 consecutive normal menstrual cycles before the missed menstrual period identifying the index pregnancy
  • Mother reported that she was certain within 4 days of the first day of the last menstrual period (as recorded at the time of the first prenatal visit)
  • Mother denied use of birth control medication during the 3 months preceding the last menstrual period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inaccurate or unavailable menstrual histories
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01203449


Locations
United States, California
Stanford University
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
United States, Connecticut
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06504
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20052
United States, Georgia
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30303
United States, Indiana
Indiana University
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Michigan
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, New Mexico
University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
Case Western Reserve University, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
United States, Tennessee
University of Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38163
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
Sponsors and Collaborators
NICHD Neonatal Research Network
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Investigators
Study Director: Edward F. Donovan, MD Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Principal Investigator: Richard A. Ehrenkranz, MD Yale University
Principal Investigator: Seetha Shankaran, MD Wayne State University
Principal Investigator: David K. Stevenson, MD Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Raymond Bain, PhD George Washington University
Principal Investigator: Avroy A. Fanaroff, MD Case Western Reserve University
Principal Investigator: Sheldon B. Korones, MD University of Tennessee at Memphis
Principal Investigator: Barbara J. Stoll, MD Emory University
Principal Investigator: Jon E. Tyson, MD MPH University of Texas
Principal Investigator: James A. Lemons, MD Indiana University
Principal Investigator: Lu-Ann Papile, MD University of New Mexico
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Edward F. Donovan/ Lead Principal Investigator, Cincinnati Children's Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01203449     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NICHD-NRN-0012
U10HD027853 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027871 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021385 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027880 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U01HD019897 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021364 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021415 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027851 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021373 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027856 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD027881 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR008084 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR006022 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR000750 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR000070 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
M01RR000997 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10HD021397 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: September 15, 2010
First Posted: September 16, 2010
Last Update Posted: June 8, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015

Keywords provided by NICHD Neonatal Research Network:
NICHD Neonatal Research Network
Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW)
Prematurity
Gestational Age

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Birth Weight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms