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Icing Effects on Neck Functions of the Boxers

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Taipei Physical Education College Identifier:
First received: September 15, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: December 2008
History: No changes posted
Most boxing injuries occurs over head and neck which leads to potentially acute or chronic head and neck injuries. Patients with whiplash injury has been reported, reflected by increased body sway and reduced ability to overcome challenging balance tasks. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the fitness and balance outcomes between the boxers and the control group, and boxers undergoing posterior-neck icing effects.

Condition Intervention
Balance Other: icing massage

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Icing Effects on Neck Functions of the Boxers

Further study details as provided by Taipei Physical Education College:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • balance performance on the sensory organization test (SOT)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • neck isometric strength in six directions
  • neck range of motion in six directions

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: January 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: balance, neck isometric strength and range of motion Other: icing massage
The intervention, ice massage, was conducted by replacing a bag of crushed ice (100 cc) inside a moistened towel and lightly rubbed over lumbosacral region for 10 minutes. The moisture towel increased the intensity of the cooling sensation more than the dry wrappings
Other Names:
  • serial number:200800018
  • code name:9700018

Detailed Description:

Injuries are common in boxing, occurring most often to the head, neck, face, and hands. Traumatic minor cervical strains are common place in high-impact sports and premature degenerative changes have been documented in sports people exposed to recurrent impact trauma or repetitive forces. Whiplash injury may result in extensive trauma to muscles and ligamentous structures within the cervical spine . Many of these structures, particularly the muscles, contain mechanoreceptors that play a key role in position sense. Studies have shown that head and neck position sense may become impaired following whiplash injury. Subsequently, poor movement patterns, together with the perpetuation of pain and other symptoms may develop.

Posture control is achieved by integration of sensory inputs emanating from somatosensory, vestibular, and visual systems. Patients with whiplash injury has been reported, reflected by increased body sway and reduced ability to overcome challenging balance tasks. In this study we have attempted to evaluate the influence of boxing on balance performances, isometric strength and flexibility; furthermore, evaluate the therapeutic effect of ice massage on boxers.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 24 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • boxers
  • Must be able to cooperate to our intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any head and neck injury in recent six months
  • personal history of head and neck surgery, tumor, infection, and musculoskeletal disease of neck
  • Lesions of central or peripheral nervous system, such as visual or vestibular system, any of which may also affect performance of balance
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01203280

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Taoyuan County, Taiwan, 333
Sponsors and Collaborators
Taipei Physical Education College
  More Information

Responsible Party: Shih-Wei Chou, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Identifier: NCT01203280     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200800018
Study First Received: September 15, 2010
Last Updated: September 15, 2010

Keywords provided by Taipei Physical Education College:
neck range of motion
neck isometric strength
balance performance processed this record on September 19, 2017