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The Role of Bevacizumab in the Treatment of Radiation Necrosis in Children With Central Nervous System Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01201850
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor accrual)
First Posted : September 15, 2010
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2020
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:

This study is being done to learn about the safety of the study drug bevacizumab(Avastin®), when used to treat radiation necrosis.

The primary objective of this study is to test the feasibility of treating Central Nervous System (CNS) tumor patients suffering from radiation necrosis with bevacizumab every 2 weeks.

The secondary objectives of this study are:

  • To evaluate improvement in neurologic symptoms associated with bevacizumab as assessed by clinical evaluation;
  • To investigate the neuro-imaging changes in radiation necrosis associated edema, including Mass Resonance (MR) spectroscopy;
  • To evaluate changes in corticosteroid use in patients with radiation necrosis following treatment with bevacizumab;
  • To evaluate changes in quality of life.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Radiation Necrosis Drug: Bevacizumab (Avastin®) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Treatment Plan:

For patient consented and enrolled on study, bevacizumab will be administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks for a total of 6 doses (3 doses/cycle).

Patients are expected to receive at least 1 cycle (6 weeks) of study treatment unless an unacceptable drug reaction occurs. Patients will receive a second cycle of treatment as long as treatment is tolerated. Response assessment will be performed every 6 weeks (three doses/cycle of study drug) including clinical and radiological assessment. Secondary measures including documentation of total equivalent steroid dose, length of time on steroids, and quality of life using the modified McMaster Health Instrument scale will also be collected while on treatment and 30 days after finishing treatment.

Safety will be assessed by routine physical and laboratory evaluations. Adverse events will be recorded and the severity graded according to the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4.0).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Role of Bevacizumab in the Treatment of Radiation Necrosis in Children With Central Nervous System Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : June 28, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 4, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 13, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bevacizumab (Avastin®)
Once enrolled on study, patients will be treated with bevacizumab (10mg/kg) intravenously (i.v.) every 2 weeks for a total of 6 doses.
Drug: Bevacizumab (Avastin®)
Once enrolled on study, patients will be treated with bevacizumab (10mg/kg) intravenously (i.v.) every 2 weeks for a total of 6 doses. An MRI will be done after the first cycle (3 doses/ 6weeks) and then again at the end of therapy.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of treating pediatric patients with CNS radiation necrosis with bevacizumab [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
    This pilot study is designed to evaluate the feasibility of treating pediatric patients with CNS radiation necrosis with bevacizumab. This regimen will be deemed feasible if a majority (7 out of 10) patients are able to successfully receive at least 5 of the 6 scheduled doses of bevacizumab without increase in serious adverse events as compared to patients post-radiation therapy alone.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Collect multiple aspects of the patient's clinical status and radiologic imaging [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]

    Outcome 1: Monitor overall neurologic status and symptoms before, during and 1 month following treatment with bevacizumab.

    Outcome 2: Dose and duration of corticosteroid use prior to, during, and up to 1 month following bevacizumab treatment will also be collected and evaluated.

    Outcome 3: Changes in neuro-imaging through MRI which will include Mass Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS).

    Outcome 4: Evaluate quality of life using a comprehensive multi-attribute health status classification system developed by a group at McMasters University.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 1 and < 25 years of age at diagnosis
  • Interval from radiation therapy at least 4 weeks and no more than 1 year
  • Neurologic deterioration (long tract signs, cranial nerve signs or ataxia) consistent with radiation necrosis
  • MRI imaging with findings consistent with radiation necrosis as confirmed by the study radiologist
  • Craniotomy or intracranial biopsy site must be adequately healed, free of drainage or cellulitis, and the underlying cranioplasty must appear intact at the time of study entry
  • More than 28 days elapsed from the last surgical procedure (including biopsy, surgical resection, wound revision, or any other major surgery involving entry into a body cavity)
  • Lansky or Karnofsky performance > 40%
  • Patients may be on steroids at study entry
  • Adequate organ function defined as:

    • Peripheral absolute neutrophil (ANC) >/= 1000/units/Liter(uL)
    • Platelet count >/= 50,000/uL
    • Hemoglobin >/= 9.0 gm/dL (transfusion permitted)
    • Adequate Coagulation function defined as:

      • Prothrombin Time (PT)/activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) </= 1.5x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) for age;
    • Adequate Renal Function defined as:

      • Serum creatinine </= 1.5x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) for age. If the serum creatinine is above these values, the calculated creatinine clearance or radioisotope Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) must be >/= 60 mL/min/1.73m2;
    • Adequate Hepatic Function defined as:

      • Total bilirubin </= 1.5x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN);
      • Alanine Amniotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase(AST) </= 2.5x ULN for institution;Serum albumin </= 2.0 g/dL;
    • QT corrected (QTc) interval within normal range for age;
    • Adequate Pulmonary Function defined as:

      • Room air oxygen saturation of >90% at altitude > 5000 feet, or >93% < 5000 feet
  • Chemotherapy: Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy prior to entering study. Three (3) weeks must have elapsed since the administration of prior chemotherapy.
  • Biologic agents: At least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a monoclonal antibody
  • Stem cell transplant: patients who have undergone prior stem cell transplant will not be excluded from study entry as long as adequate marrow reserve is demonstrated (refer to hematologic parameters).
  • For females of childbearing potential, a negative serum pregnancy test must be documented prior to enrollment
  • Patients who enter this study and their sexual partners who are of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective form of contraception throughout participation in this study
  • Written informed consent and assent as required by institutional guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Disease-Specific Exclusions

    •Evidence of recent (less than 2 weeks) hemorrhage on postoperative MRI of the brain. However, patients with clinically asymptomatic presence of hemosiderin, resolving hemorrhagic changes related to surgery, and presence of punctate hemorrhage in the tumour are permitted entry into the study.

  2. General Medical Exclusions

    • Subjects meeting any of the following criteria are ineligible for study entry:
    • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
    • Life expectancy of less than 12 weeks
    • Patients who have had chemotherapy within three (3) weeks or radiation within four (4) weeks. Patients may not receive additional chemotherapeutic agents while on this study.
    • Current, recent (within 4 weeks of the first infusion of this study), or planned participation in an experimental drug study other than a Genentech-sponsored bevacizumab cancer study
    • Active second malignancy, other than superficial basal cell and superficial squamous (skin) cell, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix within last five years.
  3. Bevacizumab-Specific Exclusions

    • Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as above the normal published range for age and height)
    • Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure
    • History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 12 months prior to Day 1
    • No history of stroke or transient ischemic attack
    • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to Day 1; History of hemoptysis (greater than or equal to 1/2 teaspoon of bright red blood per episode) within 1 month prior to Day 1
    • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation)
    • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 1 or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
    • Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure, excluding placement of a vascular access device, within 7 days prior to Day 1
    • History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months prior to Day 1
    • Serious, non-healing wound, active ulcer, or unhealed bone fracture
    • Proteinuria as demonstrated by a Urine Protein Creatinine (UPC) ratio greater than or equal to 1.0 at screening
    • Known hypersensitivity to any component of bevacizumab
    • Pregnancy (positive pregnancy test) or lactation. Use of effective means of contraception (men and women) in subjects of child-bearing potential

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01201850

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United States, Colorado
Children's Hospital Colorado
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
Genentech, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Margaret Macy, MD Children's Hospital Colorado
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Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT01201850    
Other Study ID Numbers:
First Posted: September 15, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2020
Last Verified: January 2019
Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
radiation necrosis
Bevacizumab (Avastin®)
Central Nervous System Tumors
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors