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High-Dose Cholecalciferol in Treating Patients Receiving Combination Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab as First-Line Therapy For Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Lack of funding)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: September 8, 2010
Last updated: June 23, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
This phase II trial is studying how well giving high-dose cholecalciferol works in treating patients receiving combination chemotherapy and bevacizumab as first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. Cholecalciferol during treatment may delay the development of colorectal cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving cholecalciferol together with combination chemotherapy and monoclonal antibody therapy may be an effective treatment for colorectal cancer

Condition Intervention Phase
Stage IV Colon Cancer
Stage IV Rectal Cancer
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Biological: bevacizumab
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: oxaliplatin
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Clinical Trial of High Dose Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Combination With FOLFOX + Bevacizumab in the 1st Line Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median PFS [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The estimated distributions of PFS will be obtained using the product-limit based Kaplan-Meier method. The corresponding 95% confidence intervals for the estimated probability will be computed using the method proposed in Clopper and Pearson.

  • Rate of Sufficient Cholecalciferol [ Time Frame: By week 16 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • RR of Patients Receiving Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
  • Toxicity Rates as Assessed by NCI CTCAE Version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-treatment ]
  • OS of Patients Receiving Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The estimated distribution of OS will be obtained using the product-limit based Kaplan-Meier method.

  • PFS of Patients Receiving Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Defined as the time from the start of the study treatment until the date of progression or death from any cause, whichever comes first, assessed up to 3 years ]

    The estimated distributions of PFS will be obtained using the product-limit based Kaplan-Meier method.

    3 Year Survival Rate

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (FOLXFOX, bevacizumab, cholecalciferol)
Patients receive high-dose cholecalciferol once daily. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 10 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin* IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours once a week. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. NOTE: *Treatment with oxaliplatin is discontinued after course 8
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CF
  • CFR
  • LV
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Calciol
  • Vitamin D3
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
Drug: oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Eloxatin
  • L-OHP
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the relative rate of metastatic colorectal cancer patients who achieve 25-D3 levels >= 40 ng/ml at 8 weeks, 16 weeks, 24 weeks, and 32 weeks from starting FOLFOX (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin) + bevacizumab + high dose vitamin D3 supplementation (cholecalciferol).

II. To estimate the median progression-free survival (PFS) of metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving first-line FOLFOX + bevacizumab + high dose vitamin D3 supplementation.


I. To estimate the response rate (RR) and the median overall survival (OS) of metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving first-line FOLFOX + bevacizumab + high dose vitamin D3 supplementation.

II. To describe the safety of this combination by capturing all treatment-related toxicity as per National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria (NCI-CTC) version 4 guidelines.


Patients receive high-dose cholecalciferol orally (PO) once daily. Patients also receive bevacizumab intravenously (IV) over 10 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, oxaliplatin* IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours once a week. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NOTE: *Treatment with oxaliplatin is discontinued after course 8.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at day 30 and then 3 months thereafter.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients should have untreated metastatic colorectal cancer; prior adjuvant chemotherapy is allowed as long as the development of metastatic disease occurred more than 6 months from completion of adjuvant treatment
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-1
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin > 9 gm/dl
  • Calculated creatinine clearance > 40 ml/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula OR per 24 hour urine collection
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x institutional upper normal level if no liver metastases and < 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) in the setting of liver metastases
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper normal level
  • Albumin >= 2.5 g/dl
  • Urine protein:creatinine (UPC) ratio < 1; in the event UPC is > 1, the patient will require a 24-hr urine protein and will be eligible if 24-hr urine collection has < 1,000 mg protein
  • Patients of child-hearing potential must agree to use acceptable contraceptive methods (e.g., double harrier) during treatment
  • Patient or legal representative must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board-approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study-related procedure
  • Presence of measurable disease defined as a lesion >= 1 cm by computed tomography (CT); all sites of disease should be evaluated =< 3 weeks before treatment initiation
  • Baseline 25-D3 level of < 40 ng/ml

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents that are not included in this study
  • Patients with known brain metastases
  • History of other invasive cancers with the exception of the following: a. Curatively resected or treated non-melanoma skin cancer; b. Curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ; c. Other primary solid tumors treated curatively and no treatment administered >= 2 years before enrollment, and in the investigator opinion, it is unlikely that there will be a recurrence =< 1 year post enrollment
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to oxaliplatin, 5-FU, leucovorin, bevacizumab, and vitamin D3 and other agents used in study
  • History of clinically significant bleeding within 6 months of enrollment
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease within 12 months prior to enrollment, including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, grade 2 or greater peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack, congestive heart failure or arrhythmias not controlled by outpatient medication, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty/stent
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated on this study
  • Major surgery within 28 days prior to enrollment or still recovering from prior surgery
  • Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DpD) deficiency
  • History or evidence upon physical examination of central nervous system (CNS) disease (e.g., primary brain tumor, seizures not controlled with standard medical therapy, any brain metastases, or history of stroke)
  • Serious, nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 95 mmHg despite medications)
  • History of arterial thrombosis within the last 12 months
  • History of visceral arterial ischemia
  • Subjects unwilling or unable to comply with study requirements
  • Any condition that in the Investigator's opinion deems the patient an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug
  • Received an investigational agent within 30 clays prior to enrollment
  • Treatment with vitamin D replacement with doses exceeding an average of 1000 IU/day (vitamin D3) within 60 days prior to enrollment
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01198548

United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Wen Wee Ma Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Roswell Park Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT01198548     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: I 176910
NCI-2010-01783 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: September 8, 2010
Results First Received: January 28, 2014
Last Updated: June 23, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Vitamin D
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Immunologic Factors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017