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Hospital Admissions in Children Aged 3 Months to 5 Years Presenting With Fever to the Emergency Department

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(study halted prematurely, prior to enrolment of first participant)
Information provided by:
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust Identifier:
First received: September 6, 2010
Last updated: May 12, 2016
Last verified: September 2010

A significant number of children 0 to 5 years of age are seen in paediatric Accident & Emergency departments (A&E) with feverish illness. Most of these patients could safely be managed in a primary care setting, particularly with guidelines in place on how to optimally assess these children. Some patients, however, will require admission, either because of a potentially serious underlying disease or because of other factors, for example parental concern or difficulties in communication because of language barriers. An increase in the number of children attending A&E departments with feverish illness as well as a rise in the volume of admissions has been noted over time. To enable an appropriate adaptation of acute medical services for children an in depth understanding of the assessment and admission processes is crucial.

This study primarily aims to describe factors associated with hospitalisation of children aged 3 months to 5 years presenting with fever to an urban paediatric A&E departments by describing and analysing characteristics both of those patients admitted to hospital and those managed in the community. To complement this, information on the short-term healthcare utilization by families attending the emergency department because of feverish illness will be collected. The study will be carried out in one participating centre in Switzerland and the United Kingdom, respectively, to enable a head to head comparison of the assessment and admission practices in two European countries. The resulting data will be used as the basis for further research in this area and will provide information on how to optimally structure service provision in acute febrile childhood illness.


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Evaluation of Medical and Non-medical Factors Associated With Admission of Children Aged 3 Months to 5 Years Presenting to the Urban Paediatric Emergency Department With Febrile Illness in the United Kingdom and in Switzerland

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hospital admission [ Time Frame: 7-10 days ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: November 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
febrile children, age 3 m to 5 y


Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 5 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Children aged 3 months to 5 years presenting to an urban paediatric emergency department with fever

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Child aged 3months to 5years
  • Temperature above or equal to 38°C measured by any method or reported hot by parents

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01196793

University Children's Hospital
Zurich, Switzerland, 8032
United Kingdom
St Mary's Hospital, Imperial NHS Hospitals Trust
London, United Kingdom, W2 1NY
Sponsors and Collaborators
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
  More Information

Responsible Party: Ms Lucy Parker, Imperial College London and Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust Identifier: NCT01196793     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SMH 24062010 V1 4
Study First Received: September 6, 2010
Last Updated: May 12, 2016

Keywords provided by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust:
Feverish illness in children

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Body Temperature Changes
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on August 18, 2017