The Effect of Nicotine on Arousal, Cognition and Social Cognition in Schizophrenic Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01186471
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 23, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2012
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie
Information provided by:
Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Belgium

Brief Summary:
This study in patients with stable schizophrenia will investigate the effect of nicotine on arousal, cognitive task and social cognition after acute dose administration.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Schizophrenia Cognition Disorders Other: A643 (nicotine) Drug: placebo Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a double-blind (neither physician nor patient knows the name of the assigned drug), placebo-controlled, randomized (study drug assigned by chance), three-way-crossover trial (patients may receive different interventions sequentially during the trial) in patients with stable schizophrenia. The three-way-crossover treatment phase will consist of three blinded treatment periods separated by a wash out period (the period allowed for the entire administered drug to be eliminated from the body) of 2 to 7 days. The study duration for each patient will be approximately 8 weeks. Each patient enrolled will be randomized to receive Treatment A (1mg nicotine per dosing), Treatment B (2mg nicotine per dosing) or Treatment C (placebo) during one of their treatment period. The study drug (nicotine or placebo) will be administered three times daily on Day 1 of each treatment phase as a mouth spray, separated 2 to 3 hours from each other (i.e. 0h; and 2 to 3h; and 4 to 6h post first dosing). Three different blocks of cognitive assessments will follow, one after each drug administration. Safety evaluations include adverse event monitoring, vital signs and clinical laboratory tests. Each patient participating will receive 3 identical study drug administrations per dosing day (2 to 3 hours from each other), resulting in an overall dose of 3 mg nicotine (Treatment A), 6 mg nicotine (Treatment B) or 0 mg nicotine (Treatment C) per dosing day. By the end of the study, after the 3-way crossover, each patient will have received 9 mg nicotine via mouth spray.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Three-Way Crossover Study to Investigate The Effect of Nicotine on Arousal, Standard Cognitive Tasks And Social Cognition in Patients With Schizophrenia (Smoking and Non-Smoking)
Study Start Date : May 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Schizophrenia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 001
A643 (nicotine) 1mg oromucosal nicotine spray- three times daily during each treatment period
Other: A643 (nicotine)
1mg oromucosal nicotine spray- three times daily during each treatment period

Experimental: 002
A643 (nicotine) 2mg oromucosal nicotine spray- three times daily during each treatment period
Other: A643 (nicotine)
2mg oromucosal nicotine spray- three times daily during each treatment period

Placebo Comparator: 003
placebo placebo - three times daily during each treatment period
Drug: placebo
placebo - three times daily during each treatment period

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event related potentials (P50, P300, N100) and measures of standard cognition and social cognition [ Time Frame: 1 hour post dose ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Nicotine exposure [ Time Frame: predose and 5 min post each dosing ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • In- or outpatients with schizophrenia stably treated (same primary medication) for at least 2 months with antipsychotic therapy (treatment with more than 1 antipsychotic drug is acceptable provided dose levels have been stable for > 2 months). Fluctuations in dose levels of the primary antipsychotic treatment are acceptable provided the dose levels remain constant as from 2 weeks prior to dosing
  • A known (by the site) disease history of at least 12 months
  • DSM-IV criteria for Schizophrenia
  • Willing to be hospitalized during the treatment periods of the study
  • Body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 35 kg/m2, inclusive (BMI = weight/height2)
  • Women must be: postmenopausal (for at least 12 months), surgically sterile (have had a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, tubal ligation, or otherwise be incapable of pregnancy), abstinent (at the discretion of the investigator/per local regulations), or if sexually active, be practicing a highly effective method of birth control and must agree to continue to use the same method of contraception throughout the study
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test at admission (each study period)
  • Smoking on average a minimum of 15 cigarettes (or equivalent) per day within 6 months prior to study drug administration (only for Cohort 1)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Clinically significant abnormal values for clinical chemistry, hematology or urinalysis at screening. It is expected that laboratory values will generally be within the normal range for the laboratory, though minor deviations, which are not considered to be of clinical significance to the investigator, are acceptable. Values of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <2 fold ULN will be allowed
  • Clinically significant abnormal physical examination, vital signs or 12-lead ECG at screening
  • A DSM-IV axis I diagnosis other than schizophrenia that has been the focus of treatment or cause of disability in the last 6 months (such as Major Depressive Episode)
  • Evidence of substance dependence other than nicotine (DSM-IV) in the last 6 months
  • History of or current significant medical illness including (but not limited to) cardiac arrhythmias or other cardiac disease, unmanaged high BP, hematological disease, bronchospastic respiratory disease, renal or hepatic insufficiency, Parkinson's disease, infection (HIV, Hepatitis C), or any other illness that the Investigator considers should exclude the subject (Subjects with mild hypertension, lipid abnormalities, diabetes mellitus or thyroid disease are allowed if no significant treatment changes were required in the past 6 months)
  • Use of anti-parkinsonian agents in the past 2 months
  • Suicidal risk (assessed by the investigator), prior attempts to suicide, command hallucinations and / or hopelessness
  • Smoking cigarettes (or equivalents) or the use of nicotine based products within 3 months prior to study drug administration (only for Cohort 2)
  • Current use of any medication for smoking cessation such as nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion or varenicline
  • History of epilepsy or fits or unexplained black-outs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01186471

Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Belgium
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie
Study Director: Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. Clinical Trial Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V.

Responsible Party: Clinical Scientist/Director, Experimental Medicine, Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Belgium Identifier: NCT01186471     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR017263
First Posted: August 23, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2012
Last Verified: March 2012

Keywords provided by Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Belgium:
Symptomatic treatment
Cognitive deficits

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cognition Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action