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Evaluation of the WATCHMAN Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Closure Device in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Versus Long Term Warfarin Therapy (PREVAIL)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01182441
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 16, 2010
Results First Posted : July 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boston Scientific Corporation

Brief Summary:
This was a prospective, randomized, multicenter study to provide additional information on the safety and efficacy of the WATCHMAN LAA Closure Technology. The purpose of the PREVAIL study was to confirm the efficacy endpoint as demonstrated in the PROTECT AF pivotal study and to further demonstrate that the WATCHMAN LAA Closure Technology is safe and effective in subjects with non-valvular atrial fibrillation who require anticoagulation therapy for potential thrombus formation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Atrial Fibrillation Stroke Device: WATCHMAN Device Drug: Warfarin Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 407 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomized Evaluation of the WATCHMAN LAA Closure Device in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Versus Long Term Warfarin Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : November 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: WATCHMAN
Subjects assigned to receive the WATCHMAN device.
Device: WATCHMAN Device
WATCHMAN Left Atrial Appendage Closure Technology

Active Comparator: Warfarin
Subjects assigned to warfarin therapy.
Drug: Warfarin
Warfarin dosage prescribed by study physician to adequately maintain an INR of 2.0-3.0
Other Name: Coumadin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary Safety Endpoint (Device Group Only) [ Time Frame: 7-Day ]
    7-Day procedure rate of death, ischemic stroke, systemic embolism and complications requiring major cardiovascular or endovascular intervention.

  2. Composite of Stroke, Systemic Embolism, and Death (Cardiovascular and Unknown) [ Time Frame: 18 month rate ]
    The endpoint was analyzed using a Bayesian piecewise exponential model with the historical priors based on data from the previous pivotal study PROTECT AF. This was a non-inferiority design with comparison of rate ratio of 18-month event rates of the Device and Control groups. The 18-month rate represents the probability of an event occurring within 18 months, and the 18-month rate ratio is a mean of the rate ratios. The primary endpoint was based on a calculation of the probability of events at 18 months but the statistical piecewise hazards model does not require the observation of any subjects out to 18-months.

  3. Composite of Ischemic Stroke or Systemic Embolism [ Time Frame: Day 8 to 18-months ]
    Composite of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism excluding events that occurred in the first 7 days following randomization



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Paroxysmal, persistent or permanent non-valvular AF
  • Eligible for long-term warfarin therapy
  • Eligible to come off warfarin therapy
  • Calculated CHADS2 score of 2 or greater. Also patients with a CHADS2 score of 1 may be included if any of the following apply:

    • Female age 75 or older
    • Baseline LVEF ≥ 30 and < 35%
    • Aged 65-74 and has diabetes or coronary artery disease
    • Aged 65 or greater and has congestive heart failure

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindicated/allergic to aspirin
  • Indicated for clopidogrel therapy or has taken clopidogrel within 7 days prior to enrollment
  • History of atrial septal repair or has an ASD/PFO device
  • Implanted mechanical valve prosthesis
  • NYHA Class IV CHF
  • Resting heart rate > 110 bpm
  • Participated previously in the PROTECT AF or CAP Registry studies

Key Echo Exclusion Criteria:

  • LVEF < 30%
  • Existing pericardial effusion > 2mm
  • High risk PFO
  • Significant mitral valve stenosis
  • Complex atheroma with mobile plaque of the descending aorta and/or aortic arch
  • Cardiac tumor

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01182441


  Show 41 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Scientific Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David R. Holmes, M.D. Mayo Clinic
Principal Investigator: Vivek Y. Reddy, M.D. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Boston Scientific Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01182441     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CT1004
First Posted: August 16, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 26, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2018
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Boston Scientific Corporation:
atrial fibrillation
stroke
TIA
trans ischemic attack
warfarin
Coumadin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Warfarin
Anticoagulants