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The Impact of Vitamins and Minerals Supplementation on Neuropathy and Nephropathy Complications

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01173315
First Posted: August 2, 2010
Last Update Posted: August 2, 2010
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  Purpose

The combination of vitamin and mineral supplementation may improve:

  • glycemic control
  • lipid profile
  • oxidative stress
  • blood pressure
  • nephropathy indices
  • neuropathy indices

Condition Intervention Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Dietary Supplement: vitamin and mineral supplementation Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Impact of Vitamins and Minerals Supplementation on Neuropathy and Nephropathy Complications in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: a Randomised Clinical Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evidence of clinically neuropathy confirmed by nerve conduction velocities [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    nerve conduction velocities in the bilateral sural sensory nerves, and peroneal, tibial, median, and ulnar motor nerves with F waves in hands and legs extremity


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • nephropathy indices were determined by 3 times urine microalbumin concentration using Enzyme Immuno Assay commercial kit [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Urine microalbumin concentration was measured by Enzyme Immuno Assay using commercial kit (ORG 5MA Micro Albumin, Orgentec Diagnostika GmbH, and Mainz, Germany). Urine total protein was determined by lowry method (19). Urine samples creatinine (Cr) were measured by chemical colorimetric kit according Jaffe reaction (Pars Azmoun, Tehran, Iran) and all urine results were expressed in relation to gram creatinine excretion.


Enrollment: 75
Study Start Date: June 2007
Study Completion Date: September 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group MV
Group MV: Zinc sulfate and Magnesium oxide (providing 10 mg Zn and 125 mg Mg) and vitamin C (100 mg) and vitamin E (100 mg
Dietary Supplement: vitamin and mineral supplementation
Group MV: Zinc sulfate and Magnesium oxide (providing 10 mg Zn and 125 mg Mg) and vitamin C (100 mg) and vitamin E (100 mg); Group MVB: both of the above mineral and vitamin supplements plus vitamin B1 (5 mg), vitamin B2 (5 mg), vitamin B6 (5 mg), biotin (50 µg), vitamin B12 (5 µg) and folic acid (0.5 mg); Group P: starch (placebo).
Experimental: Group MVB
Group MVB: Zinc sulfate and Magnesium oxide (providing 10 mg Zn and 125 mg Mg) and vitamin C (100 mg) and vitamin E (100 mg)plus vitamin B1 (5 mg), vitamin B2 (5 mg), vitamin B6 (5 mg), biotin (50 µg), vitamin B12 (5 µg) and folic acid (0.5 mg)
Dietary Supplement: vitamin and mineral supplementation
Group MV: Zinc sulfate and Magnesium oxide (providing 10 mg Zn and 125 mg Mg) and vitamin C (100 mg) and vitamin E (100 mg); Group MVB: both of the above mineral and vitamin supplements plus vitamin B1 (5 mg), vitamin B2 (5 mg), vitamin B6 (5 mg), biotin (50 µg), vitamin B12 (5 µg) and folic acid (0.5 mg); Group P: starch (placebo).
Placebo Comparator: Group P
Group P: starch (placebo
Dietary Supplement: vitamin and mineral supplementation
Group MV: Zinc sulfate and Magnesium oxide (providing 10 mg Zn and 125 mg Mg) and vitamin C (100 mg) and vitamin E (100 mg); Group MVB: both of the above mineral and vitamin supplements plus vitamin B1 (5 mg), vitamin B2 (5 mg), vitamin B6 (5 mg), biotin (50 µg), vitamin B12 (5 µg) and folic acid (0.5 mg); Group P: starch (placebo).

Detailed Description:
A total of 75 diabetic patients (39 men and 36 women), aged 36 to 69 years, having diabetes for at least 3 years, was recruited for this study. Type 2 diabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose 126 mg/dl (two times repeated) or taking oral glucose-lowering agents.Diabetic patients were stratified by sex and randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups using block randomization procedure. Depending upon the treatment groups, each subject received two capsules per day, 1 with breakfast and 1 with dinner, for a period of 4 months. Each capsule contained one of the following preparations and hence determined the corresponding groups: Group MV: Zinc sulfate and Magnesium oxide (providing 10 mg Zn and 125 mg Mg) and vitamin C (100 mg) and vitamin E (100 mg); Group MVB: both of the above mineral and vitamin supplements plus vitamin B1 (5 mg), vitamin B2 (5 mg), vitamin B6 (5 mg), biotin (50 µg), vitamin B12 (5 µg) and folic acid (0.5 mg); Group P: starch (placebo). All of the study medications, including the placebo, were supplied by Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center (Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran) and were indistinguishable from each other. They were stored at 20-25 0C.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes for 3 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Resting blood pressure >160/100 mmHg
  • Taking vitamin and/or mineral supplement, thyroid hormones, estrogens, progesterone, diuretics or antihypertensive agents
  • Having history of myocardial infarction and hepatic disease
  • Pregnant
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01173315


Sponsors and Collaborators
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maryam Sadat Farvid, Ph.D. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Dr Majid Hajifaraji, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01173315     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MFarvid
First Submitted: July 30, 2010
First Posted: August 2, 2010
Last Update Posted: August 2, 2010
Last Verified: April 2006

Keywords provided by Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences:
Type 2 diabetes
micronutrients
nephropathy
neuropathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Kidney Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Vitamins
Vitamin E
Zinc Sulfate
Magnesium Oxide
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Astringents
Dermatologic Agents
Antacids
Gastrointestinal Agents