Relationship and Pathophysiology of Gastroesophageal Reflux and Dental/Periodontal Disease

This study has been completed.
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
Information provided by:
University of California, San Francisco Identifier:
First received: July 20, 2010
Last updated: July 21, 2010
Last verified: May 2010

This study investigates the prevalence and pathophysiology of dental and periodontal involvement in pediatric patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Primary objectives are to compare the prevalence of oral disease in children with and without a diagnosis or symptoms/signs of GERD in a cross-sectional study. Secondary objectives are to examine factors that might lead to the pathogenesis of the dental and periodontal lesions observed in this group of subjects.

The primary hypothesis is to prove that children aged 10-18 years diagnosed with or having symptoms or signs of GERD have a significantly higher amount of dental erosions in comparison to a matched control group.

Secondary hypotheses are that children aged 10 - 18 years diagnosed with or having signs of GER have higher DMFS (Decayed, Missing, Filled permanent tooth Surfaces) rates, higher SBI (Sulcus Bleeding Index) rates, worse Periodontal status, and lower saliva buffering capacity.

Gastroesophageal Reflux
Dental Erosion

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Enrollment: 79
Study Start Date: September 2005
Study Completion Date: November 2008
Pediatric patients with symptoms or diagnosis of GER
Control group of pediatric subjects with no symptoms of GER.


Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Years to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Pediatric Specialty Clinics and General Pediatric Clinics at the University of California, San Francisco

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ages 9.0 to 18.0 years, of either gender
  • Able to give verbal / written assent / consent themselves and/or informed consent from a parent/guardian
  • Willing to comply with all study procedures and protocols,
  • Willing to get dental photographs and impressions taken
  • Willing to sign the "Authorization for Release of Personal Health Information and Use of Personally Unidentified Study Data for Research" form

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects suffering from systemic diseases, significant past or medical history with conditions that may affect oral health or oral flora (i.e. diabetes, HIV, heart conditions that require antibiotic prophylaxis)
  • Other conditions that may decrease the likelihood of adhering to study protocol,
  • Subjects who will leave the area and are unable to complete the study.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01167543

United States, California
University of California, San Francisco Dental School
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Melvin B. Heyman MD MPH, University of California, San Francisco Identifier: NCT01167543     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MA-L-017
Study First Received: July 20, 2010
Last Updated: July 21, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Tooth Erosion
Deglutition Disorders
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Esophageal Motility Disorders
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Diseases
Tooth Wear processed this record on November 25, 2015