Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Hypervigilance for Visceral Pain
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Read our disclaimer for details.
The aim of this study is to develop and validate a questionnaire (non-invasive technique) to identify patients who are hypervigilant for noxious visceral sensations and who show a lower threshold to report pain. This questionnaire would be useful in studies investigating the role of visceral pain hypervigilance and pain sensitivity in the comorbidity of IBS with other somatic disorders.
Condition or disease
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Methods: There are two phases to the project: (1) Development of the pool of items (questions), and (2) validating individual items based on their correlation with an objective gold standard - the response criterion statistic, B, calculated from a barostat test of pain sensitivity. We will perform barostat tests of pain thresholds and other measures of pain sensitivity that are based on sensory decision theory analysis in a relatively large group of 84 IBS patients. Sensory decision theory divides pain perception into two components: a perceptual sensitivity index (P(A)) and a response criterion (B). The response criterion is sensitive to cognitive and psychological influences on pain perception. We will use this index (B) as the gold standard against which to select items for a scale to measure hypervigilance for visceral pain. The process will involve (a) pooling items from existing questionnaires that seem related to the concept, (b) obtaining additional questions from consultants who are experts in visceral perception and psychometric test development, (c) identifying the items that show the strongest correlations with the response criterion, (d using principal components analysis to reduce the items to the smallest number of non-redundant items that predict the response criterion and treating this as a provisional questionnaire of hypervigilance, and (e calculating psychometric characteristics of this questionnaire.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Subjects diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome, age 18 or older, of any race or gender, will be enrolled. These subjects will be recruited from the Functional GI & Motility Disorder's Registry of Research Participants.
clinical diagnosis of IBS
meets Rome III criteria for IBS
women or men aged 18 or older
use of IBS-specific compounds, opiates, anticholinergics, or any drug likely to cause constipation as a side-effect
use of analgesics for 48 hours prior to the study
history of bowel resection except appendectomy or cholecystectomy
psychotic disorder, major depression, substance abuse (other than tobacco)or other psychiatric condition likely to interfere with the conduct of the study
patients with inflammatory or ischemic disease of the rectum