Establishment of Biomarkers for Fabry Disease
Fabry disease, an x-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease (LSD) is commonly recognized as a cause of renal failure in involved men and more recently recognized in women too. Women are involved in significant numbers and with complications, as are men, of vascular disease. This manifests as unexpected strokes in young adults. We have morphologic evidence that storage-endotheliopathy induced microvascular disease is the cause of cardiopathy and of cryptogenic strokes, and that storage endotheliopathy starts in early life, probably before birth. Based on our earlier work with other endotheliopathies such as diabetes mellitus, Susac syndrome, and hypertension, we will find and study patients using unique methods, neuro-retinal fluorescein angiography (NRFA), that we have developed for this purpose. These methods include NRFA to demonstrate capillary perfusion in the optic nerve head and retinal quadrants. We anticipate, based on our earlier experience with other endotheliopathies, that we will show more vascular pathology earlier than previously reported. Using epidemiologic and genetic tools we will find more patients than previously known or expected. It will offer opportunity for earlier diagnosis, prognosis, and response to enzyme replacement therapy.
We hypothesize that Fabry disease is a poorly recognized and poorly characterized cause of microvascular disease and cryptogenic strokes in young women and men. Neuroretinal capillary perfusion abnormalities in Fabry disease will be predictive of equivalent vascular disease in kidney, heart, brain and other organs, and further that it will be responsive to change induced by enzyme replacement therapy treatment.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Establishment of Biomarkers for Fabry Disease|
- Presence of specific findings commonly associated with Fabry's disease using neuroretinal examination [ Time Frame: every 6 months, for up to 3 years ]
- Capillary perfusion abnormalities in optic nerve and retina [ Time Frame: every 6 months, for up to 3 years ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Fabry disease biomarker
Neuro-retinal fluorescein angiography (NRFA) exam will be administered once every 6 months for up to 3 years.
Other: Fluorescein angiography
Fluorescein angiography once every 6 months for 3 years
Specific Aim 1. To demonstrate the specificity and sensitivity of the diagnostic capabilities of a neuroretinal examination which includes slit lamp and fundoscopy, and NRFA for the diagnosis of Fabry disease on a subject population of identified FD patients.
Specific Aim 2. To show capillary perfusion abnormalities in optic nerve and retina using neuroretinal fluorescein angiography in patients with Fabry disease and compare these to renal (measured by GFR).
Specific Aim 3. To show that the change in capillary perfusion studies when compared to baseline in response to enzyme replacement therapy treatment over time, as a manifestation of tissue burden and prognosis is a more sensitive biomarker of the extent of patient disease than corneal keratopathy.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01165697
|United States, Ohio|
|Eye and Ear Institute|
|Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43212|
|Principal Investigator:||Deborah M Grzybowski, PhD||Ohio State University|