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A Pilot Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Alefacept in de Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients

This study has been terminated.
(Noted increased risks, greater than expected for standard of care therapy.)
Astellas Pharma Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M. Javeed Ansari, Northwestern University Identifier:
First received: July 14, 2010
Last updated: May 1, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
The purpose of this study is to assess Alefacept in combination with alemtuzumab induction and calcineurin inhibitor and corticosteroid withdrawal.

Condition Intervention Phase
Transplant; Failure, Kidney
Drug: Alefacept (ASP0485)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Alefacept in de Novo Kidney Transplant Recipients

Further study details as provided by Northwestern University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of first biopsy- proven acute rejection (Banff Grade≥ 1) (BCAR rate) and infections [ Time Frame: At 12 months post-transplant ]
    To assess the safety and efficacy of alefacept in combination with a single dose of alemtuzamab induction and Enteric coated Mycophenolic sodium with calcineurin inhibitor withdrawal and rapid elimination of corticosteroids by examining the incidence of first biopsy-proven acute rejection (Banff Grade≥ 1) (BCAR rate) and the incidence and clinical presentation of infections.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Affect on Immune cells [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months post-transplant ]
    To assess how alefacept affects T-cell differentiation, memory, and immunoregulatory T-cell homeostasis, B-cells and cytokine/chemokine profile by using various immune monitoring assays.

  • Assess secondary outcome measures of efficacy and safety [ Time Frame: Upto 12 months post-transplant ]
    At 12 months: Patient/graft survival rates, BCAR rate, Maximum grade of acute rejection with BCAR, Incidence of clinically-treated acute rejections, Incidence of anti-lymphocyte antibody therapy for treatment of rejection, Incidence of multiple rejection episodes, Incidence of treatment failure (defined as death, graft loss, biopsy-confirmed acute rejection, lost to follow-up or early discontinuation of treatment regimen), Incidence of leucopenia, Incidence of bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic infection. At 6 & 12 months: Serum creatinine, GFR by iohexol clearance. Time to first BCAR

Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Alefacept (ASP0485)
Safety and efficacy of alefacept in combination with alemtuzumab induction and calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) and corticosteroid withdrawal.
Drug: Alefacept (ASP0485)
Withdrawal of calcineurin inhibitor at 30 days post-transplant. Administer Alefacept 7.5 mg post-op day 0, post-op day 2 given IV; Alefacept 15 mg SQ X 12 weeks, then monthly until Month 12.
Other Name: ASP0485

Detailed Description:
This is a single center, investigator initiated, pilot study to assess the safety and efficacy of Alefacept in combination with Alemtuzumab induction and Myfortic with rapid steroid and calcineurin inhibitor withdrawal in de novo Kidney transplant recipients. Induction therapy involves single dose Alemtuzumab and steroids peri-operatively. Tacrolimus will be administered for the first 30 days post-transplantation. Alefacept will be administered IV for the first two doses followed by subcutaneous injections weekly until 12 weeks post-transplant followed by monthly injections for the rest of the duration of the study. The primary outcomes are safety and efficacy outcomes, including biopsy proven acute rejection episodes, infectious complications or other serious adverse events. Secondary outcomes include T-helper differentiation, cytokine production and T regulatory cell generation assessed by immune monitoring assays.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved written Informed Consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Authorization for U.S. sites, or equivalent privacy language as per national regulations, obtained from the subject or legally authorized representative prior to study-related procedures (including withdrawal of prohibited medication, if applicable)
  • Recipient of a kidney from a non-HLA identical related living donor, a non- related living donor, or deceased donor
  • Recipient of a de novo kidney transplant
  • ≥ 18 years of age
  • Anticipated to receive first oral dose of tacrolimus within 48 hours of transplant procedure
  • Female subjects of child bearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test, and must agree to maintain effective birth control during the study

Healthy donor is eligible for the blood draw if:

  • Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved written Informed Consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Authorization for U.S. sites, or equivalent privacy language as per national regulations, is obtained from subject prior to any study-related procedures
  • Subject is a donor to a de novo kidney transplant subject who is enrolled in the study or a self declared healthy volunteer who is not a kidney donor for a subject enrolled in the study
  • ≥ 18 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previously received or is receiving an organ transplant other than a kidney
  • Sensitivity to iodine
  • Will receive a transplant from a non-heart beating donor (donation after cardiac death - DCD)
  • Receives a transplant from an HLA identical related living donor
  • Will receive a solitary kidney from a deceased donor < 5 years of age
  • Will receive a kidney with an anticipated cold ischemia time (CIT) of > 30 hours
  • Will receive an ABO incompatible donor kidney
  • Recipient or donor is known to be seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Recipient has a positive T or B cell crossmatch by investigational site's standard method of determination. For recipients where a flow cytometry crossmatch is performed and is positive in either T or B cell testing, recipients are excluded only if donor specific, anti-HLA antibody is detected by flow cytometry based, specific anti-HLA antibody testing.
  • Current malignancy or a history of malignancy (within the past 5 years), except non-metastatic basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has been treated successfully
  • Significant liver disease
  • Serologically negative for cytomegalovirus (CMV) with serologically positive CMV donor
  • Serologically negative for Epstein Barr virus
  • Has received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy in the three months prior to first dose of study drug
  • Uncontrolled concomitant infection or any other unstable medical condition that could interfere with the study objectives
  • Concurrently participating in another drug study or has received an investigational drug within 28 days prior to transplant
  • Known hypersensitivity to alefacept, alemtuzumab, tacrolimus, mycophenolic acid, corticosteroids, or any of their components
  • Any form of substance abuse, psychiatric disorder, or a condition that in the opinion of the Investigator could invalidate communication with the Investigator
  • Subject is pregnant or lactating
  • Subject is unlikely to comply with the visits scheduled in the protocol
  • Subject will receive a kidney transplant from an expanded criteria donor (ECD)
  • Will receive a kidney transplant from a CDC high risk donor

Healthy donor subject will be excluded from participation if any of the following apply:

  • Unable to comprehend the investigational nature of the protocol participation
  • Complete blood count results determined to be outside the normal ranges
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01163799

United States, Illinois
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
Astellas Pharma Inc
Principal Investigator: M. Javeed Ansari, MD Northwestern Universiy, Northwestern Memorial Hospital
  More Information

Dasgeb B, Holzman G, Phillips TJ. An extended 16-week course of alefacept in conjunction with reduced T-cell monitoring for the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis. Poster P2720, American Academy of Dermatology 2005 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2005.
Dhanireddy KK, Bruno DA, Zhang X, Leopardi FV, Johnson LB, et al. Alefacept (LFA-3-Ig), portal venous donor specific transfusion, and sirolimus prolong renal allograft survival in non-human primates. Abstract 1627, American College of Surgeons 2006 Clinical Congress, Poster Session: Primate Models 2006 Jul 24.
Gold MH, Hamilton TK, Rynearson A, Mathes B. An open-label community-based study of an extended course of alefacept in the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis. Poster P2722, American Academy of Dermatology 2005 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2005.
Putnam Associates, from the results of a survey (funded by Astellas Pharma US, Inc.) conducted at the 2004 American Transplant Congress July 14, 2004.

Responsible Party: M. Javeed Ansari, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Identifier: NCT01163799     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 00029396
640 5442000 60026221 01 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University Internal Tracking Number )
Study First Received: July 14, 2010
Last Updated: May 1, 2013

Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
Calcineurin Inhibitor
Steroid avoidance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 21, 2017