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Coronary Mortality in South Asians: Aetiologic and Prognostic Effects (CALIBER)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified July 2010 by University College, London.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Barts & The London NHS Trust
Information provided by:
University College, London Identifier:
First received: April 16, 2010
Last updated: February 18, 2011
Last verified: July 2010
The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which South Asian ethnicity is both an etiologic and prognostic factor for coronary disease, and investigate factors influencing outcomes.

Acute Coronary Syndromes

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Cardiovascular Disease Research Using Linked Bespoke Studies and Electronic Records

Further study details as provided by University College, London:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • All-cause mortality [ Time Frame: 365 days ]
    365 days Mortality from all causes from the date of admission

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • all causes in-hospital mortality [ Time Frame: length of hospital stay ]
    death during duration of hospital stay

Estimated Enrollment: 100000
Study Start Date: August 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
White population
other South Asian

Detailed Description:

Coronary death rates among first-generation migrants from South Asia are higher than those of the White majority population. Understanding the relative contribution of incidence and case fatality to overall coronary death rates allows preventive interventions to be targeted where they are likely to be more efficacious.

We seek to do this by meta-analysing new data with previously published work identified after systematic review of published literature. We will combine studies spanning different modes of presentation with coronary disease from 'normal' populations to suspected stable angina to higher-risk patients diagnosed with ACS within a national registry [MINAP].

Initially we will undertake retrospective cohort studies using four new databases (The aetiologic healthy population study, the Whitehall II Study; The chest pain clinic cohort with new-onset chest pain; the coronary angiography cohort (ACRE) and an acute coronary syndrome cohort, the Myocardial Infarction National Audit Project (MINAP).

We will define ethnicity according to the UK Office for National Statistics 1991 census categories. All four cohorts are flagged for mortality with the Office for National Statistics.

We will use a combined non-fatal outcome (non-fatal myocardial infarction and admission with angina) in the aetiologic cohort, as well as risk of coronary death. We will assess risk of coronary death in the chest pain clinic and coronary angiogram cohorts and all-cause death in the acute coronary syndrome cohort as cause-specific death is unavailable. We will assess prognosis for coronary death in Whitehall-II among those who had had typical angina at baseline. We will perform Cox proportional hazards regression adjusted for age (as a continuous variable), sex, hypertension, blood cholesterol, smoking and diabetes in all cohorts. We will then stratify these analyses in our prognostic studies by age, diabetes, ACS type, deprivation, smoking and secondary prevention management and formally examine whether a statistical difference exists between the hazard ratio of strata with the Bland-Altman two-tailed test of interaction.

We will combine results of new and older studies and calculate pooled odds ratios, weights, and 95% confidence intervals using a random effects model. Heterogeneity will be examined using the I2 statistic.


Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
ACS registry data (MINAP) - with hospital admission databases (Hospital Episode Statistics (HES)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. An aetiological healthy population study, the Whitehall II Study, comprising non-industrial civil servants aged 35-55 years who worked in the London offices of 20 civil service departments at baseline (1985-1988), will be used
  2. A chest pain clinic cohort of consecutive ambulatory patients with no prior investigations for coronary disease and no prior history of acute coronary syndrome recruited in six rapid access chest pain clinics from 1996-2002
  3. A coronary angiography cohort of consecutive patients undergoing elective angiography at three centres in London between 1996-1997
  4. Patients with a record in MINAP between 1 Jan 2003 - latest date available in 2009. Only index MINAP events will be included in the analysis.

To obtain old data for meta-analysis, we will undertake a systematic review. We will search MEDLINE 1966-2008, without any language restriction, using relevant text words and search terms to find papers using the following inclusion criteria: coronary artery disease, South Asian ethnicity with White Caucasian comparison group, prospective study. We will use the MESH terms (India or Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sri Lanka or Ethnic Groups or ethnology or Asian Continental Ancestry Group or Asia) and (coronary or myocardial infarction or myocardial ischemia or cardiovascular disease). To focus further on longitudinal studies, the search will be expanded using a combination of all the Medline Clinical Queries filters for incidence and prognosis and including 'follow-up studies' and 'treatment/disease-outcome' as terms as well. The search will be repeated in Embase. Hand-searching of the reference list of eligible studies will be conducted to identify further relevant work (backward citation tracking). Science Citation Index will be used to identify all the subsequent papers that cited any of the eligible studies (forward citation tracking) using ISI Web of Science.

We will exclude any study that covers an ethnic group other than South Asian, studies not on coronary disease and studies that examined cross-sectional mortality or cross-sectional associations of cardiovascular risk factors with populations.

Exclusion Criteria:

admitted to hospital with fewer than 25 admissions in given year

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01163513

United Kingdom
Clinical Epidemiology Group, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, UCL
London, United Kingdom, WC1E 6BT
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
Barts & The London NHS Trust
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: DR M. JUSTIN ZAMAN, University College, London Identifier: NCT01163513     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CALIBER 09-01
Study First Received: April 16, 2010
Last Updated: February 18, 2011

Keywords provided by University College, London:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases processed this record on April 27, 2017