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Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-brachial Index Prevalence Assessment: Collaborative Italian Study. (ARAPACIS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01161251
First Posted: July 13, 2010
Last Update Posted: March 9, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Francesco Violi, University of Roma La Sapienza
  Purpose

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained dysrhythmia encountered in clinical practice in North America and Europe, accounting for approximately one-third of all hospitalizations for a cardiac rhythm abnormality. The presence of AF markedly increases the patient's risk for developing arterial embolism and stroke, depending on the presence of other clinical conditions, such as hypertension and diabetes. AF is associated with a fivefold increased risk for stroke, and is estimated to cause 15% of all strokes.

Patients with AF frequently have several risk factors for atherosclerosis, including hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Accordingly, systemic signs of atherosclerosis can be detected in AF patients, and these likely accounts for an enhanced risk of coronary heart disease. In addition to cerebrovascular disease, patients with AF may suffer from coronary events including myocardial infarction (MI), but the rate of MI in AF patients seems to be variable, but often underestimated.

Moreover, coexistence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a relevant clinical sign of systemic atherosclerosis.

Ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple, inexpensive, and non-invasive PAD measurement, even at the pre-symptomatic phase when intervention can improve prognosis and prevent or delay severe complications ABI is calculated by measuring the systolic blood pressure in the posterior tibial and/or the dorsalis pedis arteries either in both legs or 1 leg chosen at random (using a Doppler probe or alternative pulse sensor), with the lowest ankle pressure then divided by the brachial systolic blood pressure. In addition to peripheral artery disease, the ABI also is an indicator of generalized atherosclerosis because lower levels have been associated with higher rates of concomitant coronary and cerebrovascular disease, and with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors.

Two large studies in patients with AF document the existence of PAD in about 3-5% of patients. It is possible, however, that such an incidence has been underestimated as only symptomatic patients were considered as affected by PAD. As PAD is an important marker of systemic atherosclerosis, its association with AF reinforces the concept that patients with AF have systemic atherosclerosis that potentially account for coronary complications.

To date, a national registry of AF patients is not available to verify the real impact of cardiovascular events in this clinical setting.


Condition
Atrial Fibrillation Peripheral Vascular Disease

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-brachial Index Prevalence Assessment: Collaborative Italian Study.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Francesco Violi, University of Roma La Sapienza:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • ABI PREVALENCE [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To estimate peripheral artery disease prevalence (defined by an Ankle-brachial index <=0.9) in AF patients.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Vascular Events [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To Estimate ischemic cardiovascular and cerebro-vascular events (fatal or non-fatal ) incidence in AF patients with or without peripheral artery disease


Enrollment: 2027
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2014
Primary Completion Date: October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Atrial fibrillation patients
Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (paroxysmal, persistent or permanent)

Detailed Description:

Study design: Prospective longitudinal study

Methods and Materials: The investigators planned to assess at baseline and at scheduled follow up visits :

  1. Ankle-Brachial Index measurement
  2. Anamnestic clinical information and Anthropometric measurements
  3. Echocardiogram (volume size), electrocardiogram (AF type)
  4. Outcome events such as nonfatal or fatal acute myocardial infarction, target lesion or vessel revascularization nonfatal or fatal ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, death from any cardiac or vascular cause, death from any cause Study duration: 3 years follow-up Statistical methods: The prevalence will be calculated by exact confidence intervals (Wilson method). The cumulative incidence will be calculated by the product-limit estimator of Kaplan-Meyer and presented with confidence intervals at 95%. The incidences and prevalences will be then adjusted through appropriate multivariate analysis (using the Cox proportional hazards model and logistic model) that will take into account the effect of potential confounders. Similarly, the effect-center presence will be checked and possibly removed. Secondary endpoints will be assessed by using Log-rank test method, and by the Cox model (with time-dependent effects) multivariate analysis.

Subgroups analysis will be also conducted for patients with first onset of AF or recurrent AF Sample size: The investigators plan to include in the study n = 3,000 AF patients, with competitive recruitment between centers involved in the study. The sample size was calculated assuming an expected prevalence of 19% at time zero, and in order to obtain a confidence interval 95% to prevail at time zero whose distance from the edge is less than or equal to 1.4%. This sample size yields a power greater than 99.9% for the secondary endpoint, assuming an event rate of 19% for patients with ABI <=0.9, and 10% for patients with ABI >0.9.An interim analysis showed an ABI prevalence, calculated by exact confidence intervals, of 21% in patients with AF, it is considered to interrupt the enrollment, as the observed prevalence is greater than two percentage points higher than that assumed. The sample size is amended as follows: a sample of 2027 patients leads to the expected prevalence of 21% with a confidence interval width of 3.5. This sample size has no impact on the power of the secondary objective.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
The investigators plan to include in the study n = 3,000 AF patients, with competitive recruitment between centers involved in the study. The sample size was calculated assuming an expected prevalence of 19% at time zero, and in order to obtain a confidence interval 95% to prevail at time zero whose distance from the edge is less than or equal to 1.4%. This sample size yields a power greater than 99.9% for the secondary endpoint, assuming an event rate of 19% for patients with ABI <=0.9, and 10% for patients with ABI >0.9.An interim analysis showed an ABI prevalence, calculated by exact confidence intervals, of 21% in patients with AF, it is considered to interrupt the enrollment, as the observed prevalence is greater than two percentage points higher than that assumed. The sample size is amended as follows: a sample of 2,027 patients leads to the expected prevalence of 21% with a confidence interval width of 3.5. This sample size has no impact on the power of the secondary objective.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (paroxysmal, persistent or permanent)
  • Genders Eligible for Study: Both
  • Ages Eligible for Study 18 years and older
  • Signed written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Valvular AF
  • Cancer
  • Disease with life expectancy less than 3 years
  • Pregnancy
  • Hyperthyroidism
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01161251


Locations
Italy
Sapienza - University of Rome and SIMI
Rome, Italy, 00161
Società Italiana di Medicina Interna
Rome, Italy, 00161
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Roma La Sapienza
Investigators
Study Chair: Francesco Violi, Full Prof Prima Clinica Medica - Sapienza University of Rome
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Violi F, Davì G, Proietti M, Pastori D, Hiatt WR, Corazza GR, Perticone F, Pignatelli P, Farcomeni A, Vestri AR, Lip GY, Basili S; ARAPACIS (Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-Brachial Index Prevalence Assessment-Collaborative Italian Study) STUDY Investigators. Ankle-Brachial Index and cardiovascular events in atrial fibrillation. The ARAPACIS Study. Thromb Haemost. 2016 Apr;115(4):856-63. doi: 10.1160/TH15-07-0612. Epub 2016 Jan 7.
Proietti M, Marra AM, Tassone EJ, De Vuono S, Corrao S, Gobbi P, Perticone F, Corazza GR, Basili S, Lip GY, Violi F, Raparelli V; ARAPACIS Study Investigators; GIS Group. Frequency of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2015 Sep 15;116(6):877-82. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.05.060. Epub 2015 Jun 25.
Proietti M, Calvieri C, Malatino L, Signorelli S, Corazza GR, Perticone F, Vestri AR, Loffredo L, Davì G, Violi F, Basili S; ARAPACIS (Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-Brachial Index Prevalence Assessment-Collaborative Italian Study) STUDY Investigators. Relationship between carotid intima-media thickness and non valvular atrial fibrillation type. Atherosclerosis. 2015 Feb;238(2):350-5. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2014.12.022. Epub 2014 Dec 20.
Raparelli V, Proietti M, Buttà C, Di Giosia P, Sirico D, Gobbi P, Corrao S, Davì G, Vestri AR, Perticone F, Corazza GR, Violi F, Basili S; ARAPACIS Study Investigators; GIS Group. Erratum to: medication prescription and adherence disparities in non valvular atrial fibrillation patients: an Italian portrait from the ARAPACIS study. Intern Emerg Med. 2015 Mar;10(2):261-5. doi: 10.1007/s11739-014-1166-4.
Raparelli V, Proietti M, Buttà C, Di Giosia P, Sirico D, Gobbi P, Corrao S, Davì G, Vestri AR, Perticone F, Corazza GR, Violi F, Basili S. Medication prescription and adherence disparities in non valvular atrial fibrillation patients: an Italian portrait from the ARAPACIS study. Intern Emerg Med. 2014 Dec;9(8):861-70. doi: 10.1007/s11739-014-1096-1. Epub 2014 Jul 3. Erratum in: Intern Emerg Med. 2015 Mar;10(2):261-5.
Violi F, Davì G, Hiatt W, Lip GY, Corazza GR, Perticone F, Proietti M, Pignatelli P, Vestri AR, Basili S; ARAPACIS Study Investigators. Reply: ankle-brachial index in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Apr 15;63(14):1457-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.11.011. Epub 2013 Dec 4.
Violi F, Daví G, Hiatt W, Lip GY, Corazza GR, Perticone F, Proietti M, Pignatelli P, Vestri AR, Basili S; ARAPACIS Study Investigators. Prevalence of peripheral artery disease by abnormal ankle-brachial index in atrial fibrillation: implications for risk and therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 10;62(23):2255-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.07.035. Epub 2013 Aug 14.
Mannucci PM, Nobili A. Appropriateness of antithrombotic prophylaxis in the oldest old with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: ARAPACIS and REPOSI. Eur J Intern Med. 2015 Nov;26(9):e47-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2015.08.013. Epub 2015 Sep 5.
Pignatelli P, Pastori D, Perticone F, Corazza GR, Violi F; ARAPACIS (Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-Brachial Index Prevalence Assessment-Collaborative Italian Study) Study group. Lights and shadows in the management of old and new oral anticoagulants in the real world of atrial fibrillation by Italian internists. A survey from the Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-Brachial Index Prevalence Assessment-Collaborative Italian Study. Eur J Intern Med. 2015 Oct;26(8):e31-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2015.06.007. Epub 2015 Jun 27.
Violi F, Pastori D, Perticone F, Hiatt WR, Sciacqua A, Basili S, Proietti M, Corazza GR, Lip GY, Pignatelli P; ARAPACIS (Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-Brachial Index Prevalence Assessment-Collaborative Italian Study) STUDY group. Relationship between low Ankle-Brachial Index and rapid renal function decline in patients with atrial fibrillation: a prospective multicentre cohort study. BMJ Open. 2015 May 21;5(5):e008026. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008026.

Responsible Party: Francesco Violi, Prof., University of Roma La Sapienza
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01161251     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SIMI-ARA PACIS
First Submitted: July 12, 2010
First Posted: July 13, 2010
Last Update Posted: March 9, 2016
Last Verified: February 2015
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Keywords provided by Francesco Violi, University of Roma La Sapienza:
Atrial Fibrillation
ABI
PAD
Registry
Italian

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Vascular Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases


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