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Deferasirox for Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant and Have Iron Overload

This study has been terminated.
(Low enrollment)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01159067
First Posted: July 9, 2010
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Low dose deferasirox may be safe and effective in treating patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplant and have iron overload.

PURPOSE: This pilot clinical trial studies safety and tolerability of deferasirox in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients who have iron overload. Effect of low dose deferasirox on labile plasma iron is also examined.


Condition Intervention
Iron Overload Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL Negative Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes Disseminated Neuroblastoma Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Poor Prognosis Metastatic Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Primary Myelofibrosis Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Recurrent Neuroblastoma Recurrent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Recurrent Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage I Multiple Myeloma Stage II Multiple Myeloma Stage II Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage III Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage III Multiple Myeloma Stage III Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Stage IV Breast Cancer Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma Stage IV Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Drug: deferasirox

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Deferasirox Treatment and Labile Plasma Iron in Iron Overloaded Patients Who Have Undergone Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by City of Hope Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and tolerability of low dose deferasirox in the post allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant setting [ Time Frame: Assessed through 6 months from the start of treatment ]
    Safety and tolerability will be assessed based upon laboratory evaluations, physical examinations, vital signs and monitoring for adverse events.

  • Percentage of patients with elevated labile plasma iron (LPI) above threshold (0.5 umol/L) [ Time Frame: At baseline ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Ability of deferasirox to suppress LPI below threshold [ Time Frame: Assessed through 6 months from the start of treatment ]
  • Ability of deferasirox to lower serum ferritin levels [ Time Frame: Assessed through 6 months from the start of treatment ]
  • Correlation of LPI with serum ferritin [ Time Frame: Assessed through 6 months from the start of treatment ]

Enrollment: 1
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral deferasirox once daily for up to 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: deferasirox
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Exjade
  • ICL670

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine labile plasma iron (LPI) levels in iron overloaded patients after allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT).

II. To determine safety and tolerability of low dose deferasirox in the post allogeneic HSCT setting.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine ability of deferasirox to suppress LPI in allogeneic HSCT patients with serum ferritin over 1500 ng/ml.

II. To determine prevalence of elevated LPI in allogeneic HSCT recipients with serum ferritin over 1500 ng/ml.

III. To determine ability of low dose deferasirox to lower serum ferritin during the treatment period.

IV. To correlate LPI with serum ferritin in allogeneic HSCT recipients with serum ferritin over 1500 ng/ml.

OUTLINE: Patients receive deferasirox at 10 mg/kg once daily for 6 months in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Labile plasma iron will be measured at baseline and at weeks 4, 12, and 24. Side effects of deferasirox will be recorded.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion

  • Patients must have undergone a matched related donor, matched unrelated donor or cord blood Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) over 6 months ago
  • Patients currently on Desferal (desferrioxamine) therapy will require a one day wash out prior to the first dose of study drug
  • Serum ferritin >= 1500 ng/mL on two occasions two weeks apart at screening; samples must be obtained in the absence of concomitant infection
  • Normal C-reactive protein level at screening
  • Patients must be red cell transfusion independent for 2 months prior to enrollment
  • Sexually active women must use an effective method of contraception, or must have undergone clinical documented total hysterectomy and/or oophorectomy, or tubal ligation or be postmenopausal (defined as amenorrhea for at least 12 months)
  • Written informed consent by the patient

Exclusion

  • Chronic hepatic GVHD with serum total bilirubin over 2 mg/dL
  • Known hypersensitivity to deferasirox
  • Serum creatinine above the upper limit of normal
  • AST or ALT > 200 U/L during screening
  • Clinical or laboratory evidence of active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C (HBsAg in the absence of HBsAb OR HCV Ab positive with HCV RNA positive and ALT above the normal range)
  • History of HIV positive test result (ELISA or Western blot)
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to enrollment
  • ECOG Performance Status > 2
  • Patients with a diagnosis of or history of clinically relevant ocular toxicity related to iron chelation
  • Systemic diseases (cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, etc.) which would prevent study treatment
  • Pregnancy (as documented in required screening laboratory test) or breast feeding
  • Patients who received treatment with systemic investigational drug within the past 4 weeks or topical investigational drug within the past 7 days or are planning to receive other investigational drugs while participating in the study
  • Other surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of study drug
  • History of non-compliance to medical regimens or patients who are considered potentially unreliable and/or not cooperative
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01159067


Locations
United States, California
City of Hope
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Myo Htut, MD City of Hope Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01159067     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09187
NCI-2010-01428
First Submitted: July 6, 2010
First Posted: July 9, 2010
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012

Keywords provided by City of Hope Medical Center:
hematopoietic stem cell transplant, iron overload, deferasirox, labile plasma iron

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Leukemia, Hairy Cell
Pathologic Processes
Neoplastic Processes
Leukemia, B-Cell
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
Lymphoma
Syndrome
Leukemia
Breast Neoplasms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Multiple Myeloma
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Follicular
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasm Metastasis
Hodgkin Disease