B-cell Depletion Using the Monoclonal Anti-CD20 Antibody Rituximab in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Based on pilot patient observations, and experience from the prior study KTS-1-2008, the investigators anticipate that chronic fatigue syndrome patients may benefit from B-cell depletion therapy using Rituximab induction with maintenance treatment.
The hypothesis is that at least a subset of CFS patients have an activated immune system involving B-lymphocytes, and that prolonged B-cell depletion may alleviate symptoms.
|Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Myalgic Encephalomyelitis||Drug: Rituximab||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||B-lymphocyte Depletion Using the Monoclonal Anti-CD20 Antibody Rituximab in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. An Open Label Phase II Study With Rituximab Induction and Maintenance Treatment|
- Symptom alleviation, as compared to baseline, measured by standardized self-reports and quality of life schemes. [ Time Frame: Major response of at least six weeks duration, independent on when occuring, during the follow-up period. ]The primary endpoint is defined as major response of the CFS symptoms, of at least six weeks duration, independent on when during 36 months follow-up the response period(s) occurs. Single such response periods, and the sum of these, are recorded.
- Symptom alleviation, as compared to baseline, measured by standardized self-reports and quality of life schemes. [ Time Frame: At 3, 6, 10, 15, 20, 24, 30, 36 months after intervention ]The secondary outcome measures are effect on the CFS symptoms, by evaluation at 3, 6, 10, 15, 20, 24, 30, and 36 months after first intervention (i.e. first Rituximab infusion)
|Study Start Date:||October 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Rituximab induction using two infusions (500mg/m2, max 1000 mg) two weeks apart, followed by maintenance Rituximab infusions (500 mg/m2, max 1000 mg) after 3, 6, 10 and 15 months.
Two infusions of Rituximab 500 mg/m2 (max 1000 mg) given two weeks apart, followed by maintenance Rituximab infusions 500 mg/m2 (max 1000 mg) at 3, 6, 10, and 15 months.
Approved amendment: for patients with gradual improvement in CFS/ME symptoms after 12 months follow-up, but not having reached a clear response, up to 6 additional Rituximab infusions (500 mg/m2, max 1000 mg) may be given during the following 12 months period.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01156909
|Department of Oncology, Haukeland University Hospital|
|Bergen, Norway, N-5021|
|Principal Investigator:||Olav Mella, PhD, MD||Haukeland University Hospital|