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A Placebo- and Active Controlled Study of Preladenant in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Parkinson's Disease (P04938)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01155466
First received: June 30, 2010
Last updated: January 13, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
  Purpose
When a patient with Parkinson's disease (PD) is initially treated with L-dopa or dopamine agonists, the symptoms of PD improve or disappear. After several years of taking L dopa or dopamine agonists, patients notice that their PD medications wear off sooner than when they first started taking them. This "wearing off" is characterized by the return of symptoms (i.e., tremor, slowness, and rigidity) and may occur over the course of a few minutes to an hour. When a patient's PD symptoms have returned, the patient is said to be in the "off" state. When the patient takes another dose of medication, and his/her PD symptoms improve or resolve, the patient is said to be in the "on" state. Antagonism of adenosine Type 2a receptors (A2a) may provide relief of PD symptoms. This trial will test the hypothesis that A2a receptor antagonism can lead to improvement in the function of PD participants taking a stable dose of L-dopa, as measured by a reduction in "off" time.

Condition Intervention Phase
Parkinson Disease
Drug: Preladenant 2 mg tablet
Drug: Preladenant 5 mg tablet
Drug: Preladenant 10 mg tablet
Drug: Placebo to Preladenant Tablet
Drug: Rasagiline 1 mg capsule
Drug: Placebo to Rasagiline capsule
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, 12-Week, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy, Placebo- and Active-Controlled Efficacy and Safety Study of Preladenant in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Parkinson's Disease (Phase 3;Protocol No. P04938)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Mean "Off" Time [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The "on" state is defined as the period of time during which a patient's symptoms of PD improve or disappear following treatment with L-dopa or dopamine agonists. The "off" state is defined as the period of time characterized by the return of symptoms (i..e. tremor, slowness, and rigidity) following treatment with L-dopa or dopamine agonists. Study participants reported their symptoms at half-hour intervals as "off", "on", or "asleep" on their daily diary for 3 days before randomization (baseline) and for the 3 days immediately before their Week-12 visit. The mean change from baseline in "off" time was based on a constrained longitudinal data analysis with treatment, time, and treatment-by-time interaction as fixed effects and subject as random effect.

  • Numberof Participants With Systolic Blood Pressure >=180 mm Hg [ Time Frame: Up to Week 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants with Systolic Blood Pressure >=180 mm Hg was reported.

  • Number of Participants With Diastolic Blood Pressure >=105 mm Hg [ Time Frame: Up to Week 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants with Diastolic Blood Pressure >=105 mm Hg was reported.

  • Number of Participants With Alanine Aminotransferase >=3 Times the Upper Limit of Normal [ Time Frame: Up to Week 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants with alanine aminotransferase >=3 times the upper limit of normal and a >=10% increase was reported.

  • Number of Participants With Aspartate Aminotransferase >=3 Times the Upper Limit of Normal [ Time Frame: Up to Week 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants with aspartate aminotransferase >=3 times the upper limit of normal and a >=10% increase was reported.

  • Percentage of Participants With Suicidality [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The percentage of participants with suicidality using the Columbia - Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) was reported. The C-SSR was used in this study only for the purpose of safety monitoring by measuring the incidence of different types of suicidality categories during treatment. The assessment was done by the nature of the responses, not by a numbered scale. Participants who reported at least one occurrence of suicidal behavior or suicidal ideation were counted as having experienced suicidality. Suicidal behavior included suicide attempt, aborted attempt, interrupted attempt, or preparatory behavior. Suicidal ideation included a wish to die or active suicidal thought with or without method, intent or plan.

  • Change From Baseline at Week 12 in Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The ESS is a self-administered questionnaire providing a measure of a person's general level of daytime sleepiness, or their average sleep propensity in daily life. The scale consists of 8 situations in which the participant rates their tendency to become sleepy on a scale of 0=no chance of dozing to 3=high chance of dozing. The overall score is the sum of the scores for the 8 situations for a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 24.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With >30% Change (Reduction) From Baseline at Week 12 in Mean "Off" Time [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The "on" state is defined as the period of time during which a patient's symptoms of PD improve or disappear following treatment with L-dopa or dopamine agonists. The "off" state is defined as the period of time characterized by the return of symptoms (i..e. tremor, slowness, and rigidity) following treatment with L-dopa or dopamine agonists. Study participants reported their symptoms at half-hour intervals as "off", "on", or "asleep" on their daily diary for 3 days before randomization and for the 3 days immediately before their Week-12 visit.

  • Change From Baseline at Week 12 in Mean "On" Time Without Troublesome Dyskinesia [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    When a participant is "on" without dyskinesias, parkinsonian symptoms have dissipated and the participant is experiencing no uncontrollable extraneous movements. Study participants reported their parkinsonian symptoms at half-hour intervals as "off", "on without dyskinesia", "on with non-troublesome dyskinesia", "on with troublesome dyskinesia", or "asleep" on their daily diary for 3 days before randomization and for the 3 days immediately before their Week-12 visit. The mean change from baseline in "on without troublesome dyskinesia" time was based on a constrained longitudinal data analysis with treatment, time, and treatment-by-time interaction as fixed effects and subject as random effect.


Enrollment: 778
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Preladenant 2 mg
Preladenant 2 mg tablet + placebo to rasagiline capsule in AM and preladenant 2 mg tablet in PM for 12 weeks
Drug: Preladenant 2 mg tablet
one 2 mg tablet orally twice daily
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: Placebo to Rasagiline capsule
one capsule orally in AM
Experimental: Preladenant 5 mg
Preladenant 5 mg tablet + placebo to rasagiline capsule in AM and preladenant 5 mg tablet in PM for 12 weeks
Drug: Preladenant 5 mg tablet
one 5 mg tablet orally twice daily
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: Placebo to Rasagiline capsule
one capsule orally in AM
Experimental: Preladenant 10 mg
Preladenant 10 mg tablet + placebo to rasagiline capsule in AM and preladenant 10 mg tablet in PM for 12 weeks
Drug: Preladenant 10 mg tablet
one 10 mg tablet orally twice daily
Other Name: SCH 420814
Drug: Placebo to Rasagiline capsule
one capsule orally in AM
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo to preladenant tablet + placebo to rasagiline capsule in AM and placebo to preladenant tablet in PM for 12 weeks
Drug: Placebo to Preladenant Tablet
one tablet orally twice daily
Drug: Placebo to Rasagiline capsule
one capsule orally in AM
Active Comparator: Rasagiline 1 mg
Rasagiline 1 mg capsule + placebo to preladenant tablet in AM and placebo to preladenant tablet in PM for 12 weeks
Drug: Placebo to Preladenant Tablet
one tablet orally twice daily
Drug: Rasagiline 1 mg capsule
one 1 mg capsule orally in AM
Other Name: Azilect

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must have a diagnosis of moderate to severe idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
  • Must have received prior therapy with L dopa for approximately 1 or more years immediately before Screening and must continue to have a beneficial clinical response to L dopa
  • Must have been on a stable dopaminergic treatment regimen for at least the 5 weeks immediately before Randomization. Participants receiving other adjunctive treatments (eg, dopamine agonists, anticholinergics, entacapone) or taking only L dopa are permitted, provided the treatment regimen has been taken for at least 5 weeks prior to randomization
  • Must be experiencing motor fluctuations with or without dyskinesias within the 4 weeks immediately before Screening, must be experiencing a minimum of 2 hours/day of "off" time, and have a Hoehn & Yahr stage between 2.5 and 4 when in the "on" state
  • Must be capable of maintaining an accurate and complete symptom diary and to adhere to dose and visit schedules with or without the help of a caregiver
  • Must have results of a physical examination and screening clinical laboratory tests clinically acceptable to the investigator
  • If sexually active or plan to be sexually active agree to use a highly effective method of birth control while in the study and for 2 weeks after the last dose of study drug. Males must also not donate sperm during the trial within 2 weeks after the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Must not have a form of drug induced or atypical parkinsonism, a cognitive impairment, bipolar disorder, untreated major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, or other psychotic disorder; history of exposure to a known neurotoxin, or any neurological features not consistent with the diagnosis of PD as assessed by the investigator
  • Must not have a history of repeated strokes or head injuries, or a stroke within 6 months of Screening
  • Must not have poorly-controlled diabetes or abnormal renal function
  • Must not have had surgery for their PD
  • Must not be at imminent risk of self-harm or harm to others
  • Must not have sleep attacks or compulsive behavior that would interfere with the integrity of the trial or would pose a risk to the subject in participating in the trial
  • Must not have a systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥150 mm Hg OR diastolic BP ≥95 mm Hg at Screening
  • Must not have had any clinically significant cardiovascular event or procedure for 6 months prior to study start, including, but not limited to, myocardial infarction, angioplasty, unstable angina, or heart failure; and must not have heart failure staged New York Heart Association Class III or IV
  • Must not have an alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate amino transferase (AST) ≥3 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) or total bilirubin (T-BIL) ≥1.5 x ULN
  • Must not have a history of serologically confirmed hepatic dysfunction (defined as viral infection [Hepatitis B or C; Epstein Barr virus (EBV); cytomegalovirus (CMV)]) or a history of diagnosis of drug or alcohol induced hepatic toxicity or frank hepatitis
  • Must not have a history within the past 5 years of a primary or recurrent malignant disease with the exception of adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or in situ prostate cancer with a normal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) post resection
  • Must not have received certain prespecified medications or ingested high tyramine-containing aged cheeses (eg, Stilton) for a prespecified time window before the trial, during the trial, and for 2 weeks after the trial
  • Must not have an average daily consumption of more than three 4 ounce glasses (118 mL) of wine or the equivalent
  • Must not have a severe or ongoing unstable medical condition (eg, any form of clinically significant cardiac disease, symptomatic orthostatic hypotension, seizures, or alcohol/drug dependence)
  • Must not have allergy/sensitivity to investigational product(s) or its/their excipients
  • A female subject must not be breast-feeding, considering breast-feeding, pregnant, or intending to become pregnant
  • Must not have used preladenant ever, or any investigational drugs within 90 days immediately before Screening
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01155466

Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01155466     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P04938  2009-015161-31  CTRI/2011/07/001896  MK-3814-015 
Study First Received: June 30, 2010
Results First Received: January 13, 2016
Last Updated: January 13, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Idiopathic Parkinson Disease
Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Rasagiline
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 08, 2016