The Effect of Statins in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01151306
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 28, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Nottingham

Brief Summary:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition of the lungs which results in breathing difficulties due to the lungs becoming inflamed and the airways narrowed. Current treatments have focused on opening up the narrowed airways but, in addition, we know there is increased inflammation in the blood and these patients are at increased risk of heart disease. Statins, simvastatin being one of them, are drugs used to lower cholesterol in the blood but may also reduce inflammation and lower the risk of heart disease. This study will explore whether simvastatin reduces one of the risk factors in patients with COPD in a short term proof of principle study. The key purpose is to determine whether simvastatin improves the pressure and stiffness of the main blood vessels namely the arterial stiffness measure of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV). In parallel, we will describe changes in airways and / or blood inflammation and change in breathing ability

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Drug: Simvastatin Drug: Lactose tablet Phase 4

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Cardiovascular and Inflammatory Effects of Statin Therapy in Patients With COPD
Study Start Date : June 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Simvastatin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Lactose tablet Drug: Lactose tablet
One tablet taken each evening for 6 weeks

Active Comparator: Simvastatin 20mg Drug: Simvastatin
Simvastatin 20mg once daily (in the evening) for 6 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in arterial stiffness as measured by aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (start) and week 6 (end) ]
    Aortic Pulse wave velocity (Sphygmocor, Atcor)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Circulating Inflammatory Mediators over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (Start) and week 6 (End) ]
  2. Change in distance (metres)walked on 6 minute walking test [ Time Frame: week 0 (start) and week 6 (end) ]
    together with pre- and post-walk oxygen saturations

  3. Change in blood total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL over study period [ Time Frame: week 0 (Start) and week 6 (End) ]
  4. Change in airway inflammatory markers (differential cell count, exhaled nitric oxide and airway cytokines) over study period [ Time Frame: week 0 and week 6 ]
  5. Change in lung function: Spirometry - forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) [ Time Frame: week 0 (Start) and week 6 (End) ]
  6. Change on blood pressure over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (start) and Week 6 (end) ]
  7. Change in Liver function tests [ Time Frame: Week 0 (start) and Week 6 (End) ]
  8. Change in creatine phosphokinase (CPK) over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (start) and Week 6(End) ]
  9. Change in Handgrip strength over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (start) and Week 6 (end) ]
  10. Change in blood desmosine over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (Start) and Week 6 (end) ]
  11. Change in circulating matrix metalloproteinase over study period [ Time Frame: Week 0 (start) and Week 6 (end) ]
  12. Baseline arterial stiffness (aortic pulse wave velocity) [ Time Frame: Week 0 ]
  13. Baseline airway (differential cell count, exhaled nitric oxide and cytokines)and circulating inflammatory status (cytokines) [ Time Frame: Week 0 ]
  14. Baseline matrix metalloproteinase in airway and blood [ Time Frame: Week 0 ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients aged 45-80 years;
  • Confirmed COPD: FEV1 30-80% predicted, FEV1/FVC<0.7, salbutamol reversibility <12%, supportive smoking history
  • If female of childbearing potential, have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and use a medically acceptable form of contraception starting at screening and continuing throughout the study (defined as an oral contraceptive, or barrier method combined with a spermicide)
  • Able to attend for regular clinic appointments
  • In opinion of investigator, the patient will be able to comply with the requirements of the protocol
  • Provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity to or side effects relating to previous statin treatment, or current therapy which includes a statin, ezetimibe or fibrate
  • Clinically significant liver function abnormality; alcohol excess
  • Hypercholesterolaemia > or equal to 6.5mmol/L
  • Females who are pregnant, breast feeding, or at risk of pregnancy and not using a medically acceptable form of contraception.
  • Any condition judged by investigator that would cause the study to be detrimental to patient.
  • Conditions: rheumatoid disease/other collagen vascular disease requiring therapy; diabetes mellitus; untreated hypothyroidism; inflammatory bowel disease; other respiratory disease; known alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency; malignancy; documented history of ischaemic heart disease (IHD); cor pulmonale or known congestive heart failure; patients planning to undergo elective surgery during the study period.
  • Exacerbation in the last 4 weeks.
  • Significant hypoxia (PaO2 <7.3kPa)
  • Known lactose intolerance.
  • Therapies: oral prednisolone for more than 1 week in the last 6 months; disease modifying drugs (Gold/ sulphasalazine etc); weight losing drugs; concomitant use of warfarin, cyclosporine; concomitant administration of potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, ketoconazole, HIV protease inhibitors, erythromycin, clarithromycin, telithromycin and nefazodone). Use of any investigational drug within four weeks of the baseline visit.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01151306

United Kingdom
Nottingham Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit
Nottingham, United Kingdom, NG5 1PB
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nottingham

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Nottingham Identifier: NCT01151306     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09105
First Posted: June 28, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors