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Hypercapnic Spontaneous Hyperpnoea and Recovery From Sevoflurane Anesthesia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01151267
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 28, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The rate of elimination of inhalation agent is directly proportional to the degree of alveolar ventilation. Using Isocapnic Hyperpnoea (IH) device, it is possible to maintain constant end-tidal CO2 with increased minute ventilation. This is achieved by passively adding a flow of CO2 to the inspirate in proportion to increases in ventilation above the baseline. In animal and human studies IH shortens the time of awakening from isoflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia when manual positive pressure ventilation is applied. IH device could be used for spontaneous hyperpnoea as well. The investigators want to compare recovery times from sevoflurane anesthesia in patients with application of hypercapnic spontaneous hyperpnoea (HSH) versus the standard anesthesia protocol (controls). 44 patients ill be randomized to either HSH facilitated recovery, or conventional recovery (controls).The time intervals from the end of anesthesia (turning off the vaporizer) until recovery milestones will be recorded.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Anesthesia Surgery Other: Standard Anesthesia management for post surgical patients Device: Hypercarbic Spontaneous Hyperpnoea

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hypercapnic Spontaneous Hyperpnoea and Recovery From Sevoflurane Anesthesia
Study Start Date : July 2009
Primary Completion Date : January 2012
Study Completion Date : October 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anesthesia
Drug Information available for: Sevoflurane
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Control Arm
The O2 flow on the anesthetic machine will be set at 15 L/min. Ventilatory assistance will be performed to maintain O2 saturation >97% and end tidal CO2 at 35-45mmHg.
Other: Standard Anesthesia management for post surgical patients
The O2 flow on the anesthetic machine will be set at 15 L/min. Ventilatory assistance will be performed to maintain O2 saturation >97% and end tidal CO2 at 35-45mmHg.
Active Comparator: HSH Group
Patient will be disconnected from the anesthetic circuit and connected to the resuscitation bag attached to the IH system. With O2 flow of 2 L/min patient will be gently ventilated until recovery of the spontaneous ventilation. After starting spontaneous ventilation basal O2 flow will be adjusted to keep ETCO2 in range of 50-60 mm Hg or minute ventilation of 15-17 L/min, whichever occurs first.
Device: Hypercarbic Spontaneous Hyperpnoea
Patient will be disconnected from the anesthetic circuit and connected to the resuscitation bag attached to the IH system. With O2 flow of 2 L/min patient will be gently ventilated until recovery of the spontaneous ventilation. After starting spontaneous ventilation basal O2 flow will be adjusted to keep ETCO2 in range of 50-60 mm Hg or minute ventilation of 15-17 L/min, whichever occurs first.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time from the end of anesthesia to the readiness for post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) discharge. [ Time Frame: End of anesthesia (turning off the vaporizer) until readiness for PACU discharge, approximately 30 minutes to 2 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of pain and sedation scores [ Time Frame: End of anesthesia (turning off the vaporizer) to PACU discharge, approximately 30 minutes to 2 hours ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • elective gynecological surgery
  • age 18-80
  • ASA I-III
  • informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • ASA IV-V,
  • contra-indications to sevoflurane anesthesia or other anesthetics included in the protocol
  • history of cardiac or respiratory disease
  • intracranial pathology
  • alcohol or drug abuse
  • psychiatric illness and/or medications
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01151267


Locations
Canada, Ontario
Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2C4
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rita Katznelson, MD Toronto General Hospital
More Information

Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01151267     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UHN REB 08-0017-B
First Posted: June 28, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 22, 2013
Last Verified: February 2013

Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
Isocapnic hyperpnoea (IH)
Anesthesia
Accelerate elimination of inhalation agents
Recovery from anesthesia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypercapnia
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Anesthetics
Sevoflurane
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Anesthetics, Inhalation
Anesthetics, General