Dose-finding Study of CAELYXTM and RAD001 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01148628
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2011 by Southern Europe New Drug Organization.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 22, 2010
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2011
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southern Europe New Drug Organization

Brief Summary:

This is a dose finding, open-label, uncontrolled, dose-escalation trial to determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and the Recommended Dose (RD) of the combination RAD001 (escalating daily dose) and CaelyxTM (fixed dose) to patients with advanced solid tumors.

Other purposes of the study are:

  1. define the safety profile of the combination after repeated administrations
  2. define hints of antitumor activity, to be confirmed in subsequent disease-oriented expansion phases at the RD.
  3. define the pharmacokinetic profile of the combination

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Solid Tumors Drug: RAD 001 in combination with Caelyx Phase 1

Detailed Description:

mTOR inhibitors are a new class of targeted antitumor agents which showed interesting antitumor activity in a variety of solid tumors, including prostate, soft tissue sarcomas , ovarian, endometrial, kidney, and breast cancer. They also exert an antiangiogenic effect and are almost devoid of bone marrow toxicity as single agents which makes them suitable for combination with cytotoxic drugs.

Anthracyclines are among the most used and effective cytotoxic agents, and in solid tumors their indications include, among others, breast, ovary, endometrial, prostate cancer. Liposomal Doxorubicin (CaelyxTM) could be an adequate replacement of doxorubicin to avoid potential side effects such as cardiotoxicity, alopecia, GI toxicity.

Testing a combination regimen including mTOR inhibitors and anthracyclines in those tumors which are known to be sensitive to both compounds is of high clinical interest and worthwhile.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 54 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dose-finding Study of CAELYXTM and RAD001 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : October 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RAD 001 in combination with CaelyxTM

RAD001 will be given p.o. at increasing doses (no intra-patient)and CaelyxTM will be administered i.v. at a fixed dose.

At each dose level 3 to 6 patients will be entered, according to toxicities observed; the first 3 patients can be treated simultaneously; subsequent patients can be treated after the first 3 have been observed for at least one cycle (4 weeks).

The dose escalation process will be discontinued once the MTD has been achieved and the RD will be evaluated in a subsequent expansion part of the study.

Drug: RAD 001 in combination with Caelyx
RAD001 (tablets; 2.5mg) is administered daily at 5, 7.5, 10 mg. CAELYXTM (vials; 50 mg/25mL)is administered i.v.every 4 weeks at 40mg/m2. One treatment cycle is 4 weeks.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and Recommended Dose (RD) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    The Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) is defined as the dose in which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience a Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT).The Recommended Dose (RD) is defined as one dose level below the MTD.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety profile of drug combination [ Time Frame: from the first dose of investigational medication to 30 days after trial end. ]
    Safety will be assessed by physical examination, interim history, and laboratory assessments. Adverse events will be graded according to the NCI-CTCAE, version 3.0.

  2. Response Rate [ Time Frame: every 8 weeks ]
    For patients with measurable disease overall tumor response is performed according to RECIST criteria. For patients with non measurable disease (prostate and ovarian cancer) response can be assessed according to serum tumor markers (Rustin criteria for CA 125 and criteria for PSA response).

  3. PK parameters [ Time Frame: until 14 days post infusion ]
    PK parameters: terminal half life (T1/2), Total Body Clearance (ClTB), apparent volume of distribution (Vss), Cmax, Tmax, AUC0-48h, AUC0-inf

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histological/cytological diagnosis of solid tumors types for which treatment with an anthracycline containing combination might be indicated.
  2. Documented progressive disease prior to entry in the study
  3. Though not a primary endpoint of this study when possible presence of measurable and/or evaluable disease according to modified RECIST criteria (histological/cytological confirmation of the neoplastic nature of a solitary lesion is not required in this dose finding study). For patients with no measurable disease (prostate and ovarian cancer) serum tumor marker (CA125 and PSA) is acceptable.
  4. Preferentially ≤ 2 prior chemotherapies for advanced disease
  5. An ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  6. Serum cholesterol <350 mg/dL and triglycerides <400 mg/dL
  7. Adequate hematological, liver and renal function (hemoglobin ≥ 9g/dL, absolute neutrophil count [ANC] ≥ 1.5 x 109/L; platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L, bilirubin ≤ UNL; alkaline phosphatase ≤ 1.5 x UNL; AST, ALT ≤ UNL or 2.5 x UNL in case of liver metastases; albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL; creatinine ≤ UNL.
  8. Male and female patients who are not surgically sterile or postmenopausal must agree to use reliable methods of birth control for the duration of the study until 30 days after the last dose of study drug
  9. Able to understand and give written informed consent
  10. Abdomen/Pelvis CT scans in the 4 weeks before planned treatment start
  11. HBV/HCV testing in the 2 weeks before treatment start in specific categories of patients with hepatitis B and C risk factors and in additional patients at the discretion of the investigators.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior Caelyx TM
  2. Prior anthracycline therapy within last 12 months
  3. Patients with endometrial ca. who received both chemotherapy and radiotherapy as palliative treatment. Patients who received both chemotherapy and radiotherapy as adjuvant treatment would be accepted provided that treatment has been completed more than 2 years before inclusion; if treatments has been completed less than 2 years the inclusion will be accepted only after Study Chair's approval.
  4. Documented resistance to anthracycline therapy i.e progression whilst on therapy or within 6 months after the end of therapy having achieved a response or stable disease or after adjuvant therapy.
  5. Prior cumulative dose of > 360 mg/m2 of doxorubicin or equivalent doxorubicin cardiotoxic dose and/or LVEF (echo or MUGA) < 50%.
  6. Known metastatic brain or meningeal tumors unless the patient is > 6 months from definitive therapy, had a negative imaging study within 4 weeks of study entry, is clinically stable with respect to the tumor at the time of study entry, and is not receiving steroid therapy or taper
  7. Prior therapy with rapamycin, mTOR inhibitors or tacrolimus
  8. Prior anticancer treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal, immunotherapy, biological response modifiers, signal transduction inhibitors, etc) within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of RAD001; the interval is ≥ 2 weeks for signal transduction inhibitors with a half-life known to be <24 hours, and is ≥ 6 weeks for nitrosourea or mitomycin. The following exceptions are allowed:

    • hormonal therapy (e.g., Megace) for appetite stimulation
    • nasal, ophthalmic, and topical glucocorticoid preparations
    • a stable dose of corticosteroids for at least two weeks
    • low dose maintenance steroid therapy for other conditions
    • physiologic hormone replacement therapy (e.g., thyroid supplementation for thyroid deficiency or oral replacement glucocorticoid therapy for adrenal insufficiency)
  9. Pre-existing malabsorption syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome or other clinical situation which could affect oral absorption
  10. Ongoing toxicity associated with prior anticancer therapy (except peripheral neuropathy of ≤ grade 1 by NCI toxicity criteria and alopecia)
  11. Another primary malignancy within the past three years (except for non-melanoma skin cancer and cervical carcinoma in situ)
  12. Known Grade 3 or 4 hypersensitivity to macrolide antibiotics (e.g., clarithromycin, erythromycin, azithromycin)
  13. Significant uncontrolled cardiovascular disease
  14. Active infection requiring systemic therapy
  15. Known HIV infection
  16. Inadequate recovery from any prior surgical procedure or having undergone any major surgical procedure within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of RAD001. Patients having undergone recent placement of a central venous access port will be considered eligible if they have recovered
  17. Presence of any other life-threatening illness or organ system dysfunction which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would either compromise the patient's safety or interfere with evaluating the safety of the study drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01148628

Fondazione IRCSS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori
Milan, Italy, 20133
Istituto Europeo di Oncologia
Milan, Italy, 20141
Istituto Oncologico della Svizzera Italiana
Bellinzona, Switzerland, 6500
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southern Europe New Drug Organization
Study Chair: Cristiana Sessa, MD Istituto Oncologico della Svizzera Italiana- Ospedale s.Giovanni - 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland

Pollock Rea: Cell shrinkage, cell cycle arrest and anti-angiogenesis underlie the anti-tumor activity of the m-TOR inhibitor AP23573, AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference, 2003, pp Abstr. B160
Stewart, C. F. and Ratain, M. J. Topoisomerase interactive agents. In: V. T. DeVita, Jr., S. Hellman, and S. A. Rosenberg (eds.), Cancer: Principles and practice of oncology, pp. 452-467. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1997.
Riggs, C. E. J. Antitumor antibiotics and related compounds. In: M. C. Perry (ed.) The chemotherapy source book, 2nd edition, pp. 345-386. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1997.

Responsible Party: Southern Europe New Drug Organization Identifier: NCT01148628     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S065RDCX01
First Posted: June 22, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2011
Last Verified: September 2011

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents