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A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Use of C1 Esterase Inhibitor (Human) in Patients With Acute Antibody-Mediated Rejection

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01147302
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 22, 2010
Results First Posted : July 9, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shire

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the safety, effect, and pharmacology of C1 Esterase Inhibitor (human) in kidney transplant patients with acute Antibody-Mediated Rejection (AMR).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Graft Rejection Biological: Placebo Biological: C1 Esterase Inhibitor (Human) Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effect of CINRYZE® (C1 Esterase Inhibitor [Human]) for the Treatment of Acute Antibody-Mediated Rejection in Recipients of Donor-Sensitized Kidney Transplants
Study Start Date : November 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: C1 Esterase Inhibitor (Human)
Subjects were to receive C1 esterase inhibitor intravenously at a rate of approximately 1 mL per minute as tolerated. Subjects were to receive a total of 7 doses over a 2-week period: an initial IV infusion of 5000 U (not to exceed 100 U/kg) on Day 1, followed by 2500 U (not to exceed 50 U/kg) IV on Days 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13
Biological: C1 Esterase Inhibitor (Human)
Other Name: C1 INH-nf

Placebo Comparator: Normal Saline
placebo infused as above
Biological: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Histopathology Endpoints [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours prior to first dose of study drug, Day 20 ]
    The protocol-specified Day 20 (post-treatment) biopsy was compared to the qualifying biopsy to assess changes in histopathology for light and immunofluorescence microscopy. The Central Pathologist provided the following categorical information from the qualifying biopsy in an AMR Scorecard: C4d Score (0-100), Margination Score (0-100) Glomerulitis Score (0-100), Vasculitis Score (0-100), Glomerulosclerosis Score (0-100), Chronic Glomerulopathy Score (0-100), Interstitial Fibrosis Score (0-100), and the Chronic Vasculitis Score (0-100), with 0 being absence of abnormal histopathology. The "qualifying" renal allograft biopsy was performed as standard of care (SOC) within 12 months after transplant and prior to screening for this study. The first dose of study drug (Day 1) was administered within 72 hours after qualifying biopsy. A negative change from baseline indicates that histopathology has improved. Endpoint includes subjects with both Qualifying and Day 20 Biopsies.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Resolution of The Qualifying Episode of Antibody-Mediated Rejection (AMR) [ Time Frame: 90 days after start of treatment ]
    The "qualifying" renal allograft biopsy was performed as standard of care within 12 months after transplant and prior to screening. The qualifying biopsy was used to establish the diagnosis of AMR and was evaluated for all of the following to obtain baseline assessments: the presence of C4d, and monocyte or neutrophil infiltration around the peritubular capillaries (PTCs) and/or glomeruli. The Central Pathologist provided the following information from the qualifying biopsy in an AMR Scorecard: C4d Score, Glomerulitis Score, Vasculitis Score, Glomerulosclerosis Score, Chronic Glomerulopathy Score, Interstitial Fibrosis Score, and the Chronic Vasculitis Score. The Banff AMR Scoring System was used to summarize these scores. Resolution determination was made based on clinical criteria (improvement of serum creatinine ± decrease of DSA titer, and/or increase in urine output) and histopathology. The first dose of study drug (Day 1) was administered within 72 hours after qualifying biopsy.

  2. Change From Baseline in Serum Creatinine [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Days 20 and 90 ]
    Graft function was assessed by measuring serum creatinine. Serum creatinine level was obtained directly from laboratory results. Baseline was the last value collected prior to first dose of study drug. A negative change from baseline indicates that serum creatinine levels have decreased. Values for Day 90 were collected +/= 14 days.

  3. Change From Baseline in Creatinine Clearance [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Days 20 and 90 ]
    Graft function was assessed by measuring creatinine clearance. Creatinine clearance was calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula. Baseline was the last value collected prior to first dose of study drug. A positive change from baseline indicates that the clearance rate has increased. Values for Day 90 were collected +/= 14 days.

  4. Number of Plasmapheresis Sessions [ Time Frame: From Day 1 through Days 20 and 90 ]
    If necessary, rescue therapy included plasmapheresis. Participating centers used plasmapheresis for desensitization, if necessary, prior to transplant and also for the treatment of acute AMR. Plasmapheresis therapy was performed for the qualifying episode of AMR according to standards at the investigational site and at the discretion of the investigator. Sessions include those prior to first dose. If plasmapheresis therapy occurred on the same day as study drug dosing, study drug was administered after completion of the plasmapheresis session.

  5. Number of Participants Who Required Salvage Splenectomy [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 90 ]
    If necessary, rescue therapy included splenectomy.

  6. Number of Deaths [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Day 90 ]
  7. Number of Participants With Allograft Failure [ Time Frame: From the day of enrollment to Day 90 ]
    Allograft failure was determined by the presence of the following criteria: current renal allograft nephrectomy and/or a clinical determination that the allograft irreversibly and irrevocably ceased functioning.

  8. Serum Concentrations of C1 Inhibitor (C1 INH) Antigen [ Time Frame: Day 13 pre-plasmapheresis (if performed) and pre-dose then 0.5, 2, 24, 48, 96, 168 and 288 (optional) hours post start of infusion ]
    Plasma samples were used for the determination of antigenic C1 INH concentrations. Primary pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated using baseline-corrected concentration-versus-time data following the last dose and noncompartmental techniques, as appropriate. The following PK parameters were calculated: baseline concentration (Cbaseline), maximum concentration (Cmax), average concentration at steady-state (Cav,ss), time to maximum concentration (tmax), minimum concentration (Cmin), area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to last quantifiable concentration at time t (AUC0-t). Blood was collected on Day 13 at the indicated timepoints. If plasmapheresis was performed on a dosing day, blood samples were obtained before plasmapheresis, prior to study drug administration (post-plasmapheresis), and at time points relative to the start of infusion.

  9. Serum Concentrations of C1 INH Functional Activity [ Time Frame: Day 13 pre-plasmapheresis (if performed) and pre-dose then 0.5, 2, 24, 48, 96, 168 and 288 (optional) hours post start of infusion ]
    Plasma samples were used for the determination of functional C1 INH concentrations. Primary pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated using baseline-corrected concentration-versus-time data following the last dose and noncompartmental techniques, as appropriate. The following PK parameters were calculated: baseline concentration (Cbaseline), maximum concentration (Cmax), average concentration at steady-state (Cav,ss), time to maximum concentration (tmax), minimum concentration (Cmin), area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to last quantifiable concentration at time t (AUC0-t). Blood was collected on Day 13 at the indicated timepoints. If plasmapheresis was performed on a dosing day, blood samples were obtained before plasmapheresis, prior to study drug administration (post-plasmapheresis), and at time points relative to the start of infusion.

  10. Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of C1 INH [ Time Frame: Day 13 pre-plasmapheresis (if performed) and pre-dose then 0.5, 2, 24, 48, 96, 168 and 288 (optional) hours post start of infusion ]
    Plasma samples were used for the determination of antigenic and functional C1 INH concentrations. Primary pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated using baseline-corrected concentration-versus-time data following the last dose and noncompartmental techniques, as appropriate. The following PK parameters were calculated: baseline concentration (Cbaseline), maximum concentration (Cmax), average concentration at steady-state (Cav,ss), time to maximum concentration (tmax), minimum concentration (Cmin), area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to last quantifiable concentration at time t (AUC0-t). Blood was collected on Day 13 at the indicated timepoints. If plasmapheresis was performed on a dosing day, blood samples were obtained before plasmapheresis, prior to study drug administration (post-plasmapheresis), and at time points relative to the start of infusion.

  11. Area Under The Concentration-Time Curve (AUC) of C1 INH Antigen [ Time Frame: Day 13 pre-plasmapheresis (if performed) and pre-dose then 0.5, 2, 24, 48, 96, 168 and 288 (optional) hours post start of infusion ]
    Plasma samples were used for the determination of antigenic C1 INH parameters. Primary pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated using baseline-corrected concentration-versus-time data following the last dose and noncompartmental techniques, as appropriate. The following PK parameters were calculated: baseline concentration (Cbaseline), maximum concentration (Cmax), average concentration at steady-state (Cav,ss), time to maximum concentration (tmax), minimum concentration (Cmin), and area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to last quantifiable concentration at time t (AUC0-t). Blood was collected on Day 13 at the indicated timepoints. If plasmapheresis was performed on a dosing day, blood samples were obtained before plasmapheresis, prior to study drug administration (post-plasmapheresis), and at time points relative to the start of infusion.

  12. Area Under The Concentration-Time Curve (AUC) of C1 INH Functional Activity [ Time Frame: Day 13 pre-plasmapheresis (if performed) and pre-dose then 0.5, 2, 24, 48, 96, 168 and 288 (optional) hours post start of infusion ]
    Plasma samples were used for the determination of functional C1 INH parameters. Primary pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated using baseline-corrected concentration-versus-time data following the last dose and noncompartmental techniques, as appropriate. The following PK parameters were calculated: baseline concentration (Cbaseline), maximum concentration (Cmax), average concentration at steady-state (Cav,ss), time to maximum concentration (tmax), minimum concentration (Cmin), and area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to last quantifiable concentration at time t (AUC0-t). Blood was collected on Day 13 at the indicated timepoints. If plasmapheresis was performed on a dosing day, blood samples were obtained before plasmapheresis, prior to study drug administration (post-plasmapheresis), and at time points relative to the start of infusion.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria include:

  • ≥18 years of age.
  • Weigh ≥50 kg.
  • Donor specific antibody identified.

Exclusion Criteria include:

  • Any surgical or medical condition that could interfere with the administration of study drug or interpretation of study results.
  • History of allergic reaction to C1 Esterase Inhibitor or other blood products.
  • Participation in the active dosing phase of any other investigational drug study within 30 days prior to dosing with study drug.
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  • Receipt of any experimental agents for AMR within 1 month prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Any infection that causes hemodynamic compromise.
  • History of bleeding or clotting abnormality.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01147302


Locations
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United States, California
ViroPharma Investigative Site
Los Angeles, California, United States
United States, Maryland
ViroPharma Investigative Site
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
United States, Minnesota
ViroPharma Investigative Site
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
United States, Ohio
ViroPharma Investigative Site
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Germany
ViroPharma Investigative Site
Heidelberg, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shire
Investigators
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Study Director: Marc E Uknis, MD ViroPharma Incorporated

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Shire
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01147302     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0624-201
2012-000441-12 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 22, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 9, 2015
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2015
Last Verified: March 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antibodies
Complement C1s
Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein
Complement C1 Inactivator Proteins
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Complement Inactivating Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents