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PET Acetate for Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer on Chemotherapy

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel Vaena, University of Iowa Identifier:
First received: June 14, 2010
Last updated: December 8, 2016
Last verified: December 2016
One purpose of this research study is to examine if a special type of imaging test, a positron emission tomography (PET) scan using the radioactive material [C-11] acetate, will be helpful in detecting prostate cancer lesions in subjects with castrate-resistant prostate cancer. This PET scan will be combined with a computed tomography (CT) scan taken during the same imaging session. The other purpose of the PET-CT scan using [C-11] acetate (PET Acetate Scan) is to assist in identifying who is responding to the treatment (docetaxel chemotherapy).

Condition Intervention Phase
Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Radiation: PET Acetate scan
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: PET Acetate for Docetaxel Response Assessment in Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Iowa:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Interpretation of PET Acetate scans [ Time Frame: One year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Prostate cancer response to treatment and progression (excluding PET Acetate assessment) [ Time Frame: 2-3 years ]
    Correlation with chemotherapy response.

Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: June 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2017
Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PET Acetate Imaging with Docetaxel

PET-acetate as an intermediate endpoint in the assessment of response of patients undergoing docetaxel for hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC).

Subjects will be treated with docetaxel, 75 mg/m2 every 21 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs. Subjects will have two PET acetate scans - one prior to beginning chemotherapy and one approximately 8-9 weeks after chemotherapy has begun.

Radiation: PET Acetate scan
PET Acetate scans will be done to detect prostate cancer lesions.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written consent document.
  2. Patients must have histologically documented adenocarcinoma of the prostate at any time in the past.
  3. At the time of enrollment: Patients must have evidence of castrate resistant metastatic prostate cancer (patients with rising PSA only and no other radiographic evidence of metastatic prostate cancer are not eligible). In addition, progressive disease is required as per #5 below.
  4. Two categories of eligible patients exist: Measurable disease with any level of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) OR Non-measurable disease (positive bone scan) with PSA equal or greater than 2 ng/ml

    Definition of Measurable Disease/Target Lesions - Any lesion >/= 1 cm on spiral computed tomography (CT) that is believed to represent metastatic prostate cancer and that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter). However, if the lesion is a lymph node, it needs to be equal or greater than 20 mm (longest diameter) based on CT scans or physical exam (palpable lymph nodes). Chest X-ray with clearly defined lung lesions surrounded by aerated lung or parenchymal lung lesions measured as 10 mm or greater with a spiral CT are also eligible.

    Definition of Non-measurable Disease/Non-target Lesions - Non-target lesions include all other lesions not included above, including bone lesions. Previously irradiated lesions should not be used for eligibility unless progression was documented after radiation therapy.

  5. In order to be eligible, patients must have demonstrated evidence of progressive disease prior to enrollment. Progressive disease is defined as any one of the following:

    • Measurable Disease Progression: Objective evidence of increase 20% or more in the sum of the longest diameters (LD) of target lesions from the time of maximal regression after prior therapy; or the appearance of one or more new lesions.
    • Bone Scan Progression: Appearance of two or more new lesions on bone scan. If no prior bone scan exists, presence of 2 lesions is needed for eligibility.
    • PSA Progression: An elevated PSA (2 ng/mL or higher) which has risen serially on at least two occasions at least each 1 week apart. Note: If patient was on antiandrogens as last therapy, 6 weeks need to elapse after discontinuation of the antiandrogen. For prior ketoconazole, 4 weeks need to elapse. If the confirmatory PSA (#2) value is less than the first rising PSA value, then an additional rising PSA (#3) will be required to document progression. For the purposes of this study, the last PSA value recorded prior to the initiation of treatment will be considered the baseline PSA.
  6. Progression despite standard androgen deprivation therapy.
  7. At least 4 weeks since any systemic steroids (any dose; unless used chronically for another illness at equal or less than 10 mg of prednisone daily, or in conjunction with prior ketoconazole resulting in slow steroid taper) and any other hormonal therapy.
  8. No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for prostate cancer.
  9. Four weeks or longer since major surgery and fully recovered.
  10. Four weeks or longer since any prior radiation (including palliative) and fully recovered.
  11. No prior strontium or samarium.
  12. Concurrent bisphosphonate use is allowed. However, if patient has not previously been on bisphosphonate, first dose should only occur after the baseline positron emission tomography (PET) acetate scan has been obtained.
  13. ECOG performance status: 0-2
  14. Age ≥ 18
  15. Required Initial Laboratory Values (within 14 days of registration):

ANC ≥1500/microL; Platelet count ≥ 100,000/microL; Creatinine ≤1.5 x upper limits of normal; Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limits of normal; AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 x upper limits of normal; PSA level requirements: see #4; Serum Testosterone ≤ 50 ng/ dL (for patients who have not had bilateral orchiectomy); Estimated glomerular filtration rate > 30 mL/min

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. No known brain metastases (brain imaging MRI/CT is not required unless clinical symptoms).
  2. No current congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV).
  3. No serious or non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.
  4. No peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2.
  5. Patients with known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies are not eligible.
  6. Patients who received prior docetaxel for any reason are not eligible.
  7. PC-Spes, Saw Palmetto, and St. John's Wort must be discontinued before registration. The discontinuation of other herbal medications and food supplements is strongly encouraged. Patients may continue on daily vitamins and calcium supplements.
  8. No known allergy to acetate.
  9. No severe claustrophobia
  10. Concurrent use of statins is allowed on study but use should not have started 30 days prior to entry into the study
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01144897

United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Daniel Vaena, MD University of Iowa
  More Information

Responsible Party: Daniel Vaena, Professor, University of Iowa Identifier: NCT01144897     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PET ACE 01
Study First Received: June 14, 2010
Last Updated: December 8, 2016

Keywords provided by University of Iowa:
Castrate resistant
Prostate cancer
PET Acetate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 28, 2017