Preoperative Chemotherapy With Paclitaxel, Gemcitabine, and Lapatinib (Tykerb®) (PGT) (PGT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01133912
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2010
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2012
CJ HealthCare Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jungsil Ro, National Cancer Center, Korea

Brief Summary:

Primary objectives :

1. To evaluate the recommended dose of the combination of paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and lapatinib (Tykerb®) (PGT) as preoperative chemotherapy in patients with HER2 positive operable breast cancer

Secondary objectives :

  1. To evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of PGT
  2. To determine the safety profile
  3. To assess pCR in primary tumor and axillary LN
  4. To evaluate clinical response rate, disease free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS)
  5. To assess breast conserving rate after preoperative PGT

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: paclitaxel, gemcitabine, lapatinib Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Unlike adjuvant chemotherapy, primary (preoperative) chemotherapy will shrink tumor and allow some patients to become candidates for conservative surgery and avoid mastectomy. It also is an in vivo chemosensitivity test and the result is a predictive marker for clinical outcomes. Paclitaxel is a highly active antitumor agent that promotes microtubule assembly by binding to tubulin and inhibiting depolymerization. Paclitaxel has been shown to be an effective agent in the treatment of breast cancer. Gemcitabine is a cytosine arabinoside prodrug analog and shows response rates of 15% to 46% as a single agent with very low toxicity. The combination of gemcitabine and paclitaxel is valuable because of the different mechanisms of action of each drug and their non-overlapping toxicities. Phase II studies of paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in anthracycline-pretreated metastatic breast cancer showed good tolerance and encouraging response rates (40%-55%). Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine combination showed overall survival benefit compared to paclitaxel alone in patients with metastatic breast cancer in an interim overall survival report. A phase II study with preoperative paclitaxel and gemcitabine in stage II/III showed 18 % pCR rate at NCC (ASCO 2007 abstract #11080) In HER2 positive breast cancer, HER2 targeted therapies with trastuzumab and lapatinib have shown much improved clinical response in palliative setting. It also showed that adding trastuzumab to sequential paclitaxel and FEC chemotherapy significantly increased pCR (25% vs 66.7%) in preoperative setting for HER2 positive disease. Recently, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and trastuzumab combination (PGH) for 6 cycles in patients with HER2 positive and node positive operable breast cancer observed a strikingly high pCR rate in both tumor and LN in an interim analysis of multicenter phase II preoperative study in Korea (28 of 47 (61%)). Lapatinib (Tykerb®), a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor of ErbB1 and HER2 signaling pathways and it has shown to inhibit the growth of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells that do not respond to trastuzumab after long-term conditioning. We will examine the hypothesis that paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and lapatinib (Tykerb®) (PGT) combination could improve the pathological complete response rate of HER2 positive breast cancer when applied as a preoperative chemotherapy.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase Ib Study of Preoperative Chemotherapy With Paclitaxel, Gemcitabine, and Lapatinib (Tykerb®) (PGT) in Patients With HER2 Positive Operable Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : March 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: paclitaxel, gemcitabine, lapatinib
paclitaxel 80mg/m2 D1, D8 gemcitabine 1000mg/m2 D1, D8, every 3 weeks, 6 cycle lapatinib(Tykerb®)1000mg every day
Drug: paclitaxel, gemcitabine, lapatinib
Patients receive paclitaxel and gemcitabine intravenously (iv) on day 1 and 8, and oral lapatinib once daily. Lapatinib with fixed dose will be given once a day p.o. from day 1 without resting during each cycle. The starting doses of paclitaxel 80mg/m2 and gemcitabine 1000mg/m2 iv, on day 1 and 8, and lapatinib 1000mg p.o., daily (dose level 1) will be administered every 21 days.
Other Names:
  • Paclitaxel
  • Gemzar
  • Tykerb

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the recommended dose of the combination of paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and lapatinib (Tykerb®) (PGT) as preoperative chemotherapy in patients with HER2 positive operable breast cancer [ Time Frame: two years ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed and newly diagnosed operable breast cancer
  • Documented HER2 positive disease : 3+ overexpression by IHC or HER2 gene amplification by FISH
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Clinical stage II or III operable breast cancer
  • Axillary node positivity determined by cytology
  • No prior hormonal, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy is allowed
  • No breast operation other than biopsy to make diagnosis is allowed
  • Negative urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration in premenopausal patients
  • Adequate hematopoietic function: Absolute granulocyte count ≥1,500/mm3, platelet ≥100,000/mm3, hemoglobin ≥10g/mm3
  • Adequate hepatic function: total bilirubin ≤1.5mg/dL, AST/ALT ≤2 x UNL, alkaline phosphatase ≤2 x UNL
  • Adequate renal function: Serum creatinine ≤1.5mg/dL
  • Adequate cardiac function:

    1. Normal or nonspecific EKG taken within 1 month of enrollment
    2. LVEF ≥50% by MUGA or echocardiogram taken within 4 weeks of enrollment
  • Ability to understand and comply with protocol during study period
  • Patients should sign a written informed consent before study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Patients who received hormonal, chemotherapy or radiotherapy for breast cancer
  • Patients with bilateral breast cancer
  • Patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer
  • Patients with node-negative stage IIA (T2N0) breast cancer
  • Patients who have history of cancer other than in situ uterine cervix cancer or nonmelanotic skin cancer
  • Patients with GI tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01133912

Korea, Republic of
National Cancer Center
Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 410-769
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jungsil Ro
CJ HealthCare Corporation
Principal Investigator: Jungsil Ro, MD National Cencer Center, Korea

Responsible Party: Jungsil Ro, Chief, Center for Clinical Trials, National Cancer Center, Korea, National Cancer Center, Korea Identifier: NCT01133912     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCCTS-08-370
First Posted: May 31, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 4, 2012
Last Verified: January 2012

Keywords provided by Jungsil Ro, National Cancer Center, Korea:
Patients with HER2 Positive Operable Breast Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors