Working… Menu

Clinical Study of Droxidopa in Patients With Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension (NOH) (Droxi-304) (NOH304)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01132326
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 28, 2010
Results First Posted : April 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 15, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Chelsea Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
Symptomatic NOH in patients with primary autonomic failure is thought to be a consequence of norepinephrine depletion leading to a diminished capacity to effect an appropriate cardiovascular response to an orthostatic challenge resulting in symptomatic cerebral-hypoperfusion. Droxidopa augments norepinephrine levels which should lead to improved cerebral perfusion following orthostatic challenge thereby reducing the symptoms of NOH. The present study will evaluate the long-term safety of droxidopa.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Autonomic Failure Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency Non-Diabetic Neuropathy Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension Drug: Droxidopa Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase III, multi-center, open-label study designed to evaluate the long-term safety of droxidopa in subjects with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (NOH) associated with Primary Autonomic Failure, Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency or Non-Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy.

Patients will be initially treated with droxidopa at their individualized dose identified during the titration phase in Protocol 301. Patients will not require adjustment of their dose, unless their physician feels a dose change will benefit their symptoms, or side effects. At any point in the study a patient's physician may elect to titrate the subject to a higher or lower dose if they feel additional benefit can be safely derived or to deal with any unwanted side-effect.

Patients will return to the clinic for study visits at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months (± 1 week allowed for 1 month visit, ± 2 weeks allowed for subsequent study visits). Patients who prematurely withdraw from the study will be asked to attend the study center for a final assessment At the conclusion of the 12 month treatment period, all patients who benefit from treatment with droxidopa will be offered the option to continue to receive open-label droxidopa through a separate access program.

At any time during the study, patients can schedule a visit with their study physician if they experience a worsening of symptoms and wish to have their dose adjusted or to remove themselves from the trial.

Patients who decide to terminate their participation in the study will receive a phone call 1 month after leaving the trial to follow-up on any new or ongoing adverse events (AEs).

It is a recognized best practice that patients with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension are advised not to lay fully supine because of the associated increased risk of supine hypertension inherent with their condition. Patients participating in this study should be advised to sleep in a semi-recumbent position. .

Patients will attend the study center as out-patients. Patients will be identified using the unique identification number assigned during Protocol 301.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 350 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-center, Open-label Study to Assess the Long-term Safety of Droxidopa in Subjects With Primary Autonomic Failure, Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency or Non-Diabetic Neuropathy and Symptomatic Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Droxidopa
Open-Label Droxidopa
Drug: Droxidopa
Oral, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600 mg TID, 12 months
Other Names:
  • L-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine
  • L-threo-DOPS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Patients With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Number of patients reporting any treatment emergent adverse events (SAE and or AEs) during the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

To be eligible for inclusion, each patient must fulfill the following criteria:

  • Demonstrated a symptomatic response (an improvement of at least 1 point in Item #1 of the OHSA) to treatment with droxidopa during open-label titration in Droxidopa Protocol 301 ;
  • Provide written informed consent to participate in the study and understand that they may withdraw their consent at any time without prejudice to their future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients are not eligible for this study if they fulfill one or more of the following criteria:

  • Currently taking vasoconstricting agents such as ephedrine, dihydroergotamine, or midodrine; patients taking vasoconstricting agents such as ephedrine, dihydroergotamine, or midodrine must stop taking these drugs at least 2 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to their study entry visit (Visit 1).
  • Currently taking anti-hypertensive medication; the use of short-acting anti-hypertensive medications at bedtime is permitted.
  • Currently taking tri-cyclic antidepressant medication or other norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitors;
  • Have changed dose, frequency and or type of prescribed medication, within two weeks of starting droxidopa treatment within Protocol 304, with the following exceptions:

    • vasoconstricting agents such as ephedrine, dihydroergotamine, or midodrine (see exclusion a),
    • short courses of antibiotics or other medications/treatments that do not interfere with, or exacerbate the patient's condition under study.
  • History of known or suspected drug or substance abuse;
  • Women of childbearing potential who are not using a medically accepted contraception;

    • Reproductive potential: Female subjects should be either post-menopausal (amenorrhoea for at least 12 consecutive months), surgically sterile, or women of child-bearing potential (WOCP) who are using or agree to use acceptable methods of contraception. Acceptable contraceptives include intrauterine devices (IUDs), hormonal contraceptives (oral, depot, patch or injectable) and double barrier methods such as condoms or diaphragms with spermicidal gel or foam.
    • For WOCP a serum beta HCG pregnancy test must be conducted at screening, and a urine pregnancy test must be conducted at baseline and study termination; the results must be negative at screening and at baseline for the patient to receive study medication. WOCP must be advised to use acceptable contraceptives throughout the study period and for 30 days after the last dose of investigational product. If hormonal contraceptives are used they should be taken according to the package insert. WOCP who are not currently sexually active must agree to use acceptable contraception, as defined above, if they decide to become sexually active during the period of the study and for 30 days after the last dose of investigational product.
  • Sexually active males whose partner is a WOCP and who do not agree to use condoms for the duration of the study and for 30 days after the last dose;
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding;
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to the study medication or any of its ingredients;
  • Pre-existing, sustained, severe hypertension (BP greater than or equal to 180/110 mmHg in the sitting position);
  • Have atrial fibrillation or, in the investigator's opinion, have any other significant cardiac arrhythmia;
  • Any other significant systemic, hepatic, cardiac or renal illness;
  • Diabetes mellitus or insipidus;
  • Have a history of closed angle glaucoma;
  • Have a known or suspected malignancy;
  • Patients with known gastrointestinal illness or other gastrointestinal disorder that may, in the investigator's opinion, affect the absorption of study drug;
  • In the investigator's opinion, have clinically significant abnormalities on clinical examination or laboratory testing;
  • In the investigator's opinion, are unable to adequately co-operate because of individual or family situation;
  • In the investigator's opinion, are suffering from a mental disorder that interferes with the diagnosis and/or with the conduct of the study, e.g. schizophrenia, major depression, dementia;
  • Are not able or willing to comply with the study requirements for the duration of the study;
  • Have participated in another clinical trial with an investigational agent other than droxidopa (including named patient or compassionate use protocol) within 4 weeks before starting droxidopa treatment within Protocol 304;
  • Previous enrolment in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01132326

Sponsors and Collaborators
Chelsea Therapeutics
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Horacio Kaufmann, MD NYU Langone Health

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Chelsea Therapeutics Identifier: NCT01132326     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Droxidopa NOH304
First Posted: May 28, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 21, 2014
Last Update Posted: March 15, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017
Keywords provided by Chelsea Therapeutics:
Symptomatic NOH
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Hypotension, Orthostatic
Pure Autonomic Failure
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Orthostatic Intolerance
Primary Dysautonomias
Nervous System Diseases
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents