Self-harming Behaviors Study of Adolescents in a Juvenile Detention House

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01130441
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 26, 2010
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2013
Information provided by:
Far Eastern Memorial Hospital

Brief Summary:

Incarcerated adolescents engage in suicide ideation, self-harming behaviors and have poor coping abilities, suggesting a need for mental health intervention and treatment. Previous research on self-harm among community adolescents revealed that self-harmers were more likely than non-self-harmers to report suicidal ideation, and having made a suicide plan.

This study plans to evaluate the suicidal intent of self-harming and non-self harming adolescent admitted at juvenile detention house in Taiwan. Furthermore, this study also plans to identify the prevalence and types of self-harming activities of incarcerated youths. Another purpose is to investigate the coping abilities of incarcerated youth, with evaluation of efficacy of short problem-solving skills therapy intervention by trained psychologists of three sessions for adolescents with poor coping adjustment; referral to adolescent psychiatrist when severe mental disorder or poor coping abilities were found.

By analyzing their suicidal ideation, self-harming behaviors, and coping adjustment, the investigators will be able to give timely intervention and identify effective means and methods for better serving this population. This study hopes to help the incarcerated youth to replace their self-destructive behaviors with effective coping adjustment abilities.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Adolescent Behavior Harm Reduction Behavioral: psychotherapy

Detailed Description:

Suicide among youth ranked third in Taiwan. According to a study by Lin, stressors include family, school and friends. Psychiatric symptoms also played a role (Lin, 2002) . Incarcerated adolescents with poor coping adjustment will be referred to psychologists. The psychologists were trained by the juvenile detention adolescent psychiatrist.

Taiwanese adolescents have very high rate of self-harming activities, furthermore, incarcerated adolescents are expected to have a higher rate of self-harming activities. There are few studies done on self-harming activities, suicidal intent and coping style of incarcerated youth in Taiwan. According to a study on self-harming adolescents in a juvenile correctional facility, these youth have higher rates of suicide attempts and use more violent methods of attempt than adolescents in the general population (Penn, 2003). They also have poor problem-solving skills. We hope to study their suicidal ideations, self-harming behaviors, and coping styles in order to offer appropriate and timely intervention. We can then offer skills to deal with similar triggering events in the future.

Furthermore, it is hoped that recidivism can be reduced after psychopathological intervention.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 277 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Study on Self-harming Behaviors of Adolescents in a Juvenile Detention House
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2010

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
self-harming group Behavioral: psychotherapy
short problem-solving skills therapy intervention

non-self-harming group -control group

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Youth admitted at juvenile detention center in Taiwan

Inclusion Criteria:

  • youth admitted at juvenile detention center on Jan 1,2010 up to Dec 31,2010

Exclusion Criteria:

  • currently emotionally unstable, are suffering from active psychotic process like schizophrenia, mentally retarded, illiterate or refuse to participate.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01130441

Juvenile Detention Center Taipei
Taipei, Taipei Hsian, Taiwan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Far Eastern Memorial Hospital
Principal Investigator: Mei Hua Tsai, M.D. Far Eastern Memorial Hospital

Responsible Party: Mei Hua Tsai M.D., Far Eastern Memorial Hospital Identifier: NCT01130441     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 098047-3
First Posted: May 26, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 11, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013

Keywords provided by Far Eastern Memorial Hospital:
adolescent behavior
harm reduction