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A Study in Participants With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (AWARD-3)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01126580
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 19, 2010
Results First Posted : January 16, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 16, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eli Lilly and Company

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if LY2189265 is safe and effective in reducing glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as compared to metformin in participants with Type 2 Diabetes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: Metformin Drug: LY2189265 Drug: Placebo (oral) Drug: Placebo (subcutaneous) Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The term rescue therapy in this trial was defined primarily as additional nontrial antidiabetic medication for the management of severe, persistent hyperglycemia or alternative antidiabetic medication following study drug discontinuation. For efficacy analyses, participants who received rescue medication were included in the analysis population, but only measurements obtained prior to taking rescue therapy were included in the efficacy analysis. For safety analyses, with the exception of hypoglycemia outcomes, all measurements including those obtained after taking rescue therapy were included in the analysis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 807 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Impact of LY2189265 Versus Metformin on Glycemic Control in Early Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (AWARD-3: Assessment of Weekly AdministRation of LY2189265 in Diabetes-3)
Study Start Date : May 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1.5 mg LY2189265

LY2189265 (Dulaglutide): 1.5 milligrams (mg), subcutaneously (SC), once weekly for 52 weeks

Placebo: 1 tablet per day, orally, for Week 1; 2 tablets per day, orally, for Week 2; 3 tablets per day, orally, for Week 3; 4 or at least 3 tablets, orally, for Weeks 4 through Week 52

Drug: LY2189265
Other Name: Dulaglutide

Drug: Placebo (oral)
Experimental: 0.75 mg LY2189265

LY2189265 (Dulaglutide): 0.75 milligrams (mg), subcutaneously (SC), once weekly for 52 weeks

Placebo: 1 tablet per day, orally, for Week 1; 2 tablets per day, orally, for Week 2; 3 tablets per day, orally, for Week 3; 4 or at least 3 tablets, orally, for Weeks 4 through Week 52

Drug: LY2189265
Other Name: Dulaglutide

Drug: Placebo (oral)
Active Comparator: Metformin

Metformin: 500 milligrams per day (mg/day), orally, for Week 1; 1000 mg/day, orally, for Week 2; 1500 mg/day, orally, for Week 3; 2000 or at least 1500 mg/day, orally, for Weeks 4 through Week 52

Placebo: subcutaneously (SC), once weekly for 52 weeks

Drug: Metformin
Drug: Placebo (subcutaneous)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to 26-week Endpoint in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks ]
    Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with country, treatment, and prior medication group (previous oral antihyperglycemic medication [OAM] versus no previous OAM) as fixed effects and baseline HbA1c as a covariate.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to 52-week Endpoint in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 52 weeks ]
    Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with country, treatment, and prior medication group (previous oral antihyperglycemic medication [OAM] versus no previous OAM) as fixed effects and baseline HbA1c as a covariate.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving a Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) of Less Than 7% and Less Than or Equal to 6.5% at 26 and 52 Weeks [ Time Frame: 26 weeks and 52 weeks ]
    The percentage of participants achieving HbA1c level less than 7.0% and less than or equal to 6.5% was analyzed with a logistic regression model with baseline, prior medication group, and treatment as factors included in the model.

  3. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Fasting Blood Glucose [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures (MMRM) with treatment, country, prior medication group, visit, and treatment-by-visit interaction as fixed effects, baseline fasting blood glucose as a covariate, and participant as a random effect.

  4. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Daily Mean Blood Glucose Values From the 8-point Self-monitored Blood Glucose (SMBG) Profiles [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The SMBG data were collected at the following 8 time points: pre-morning meal; 2 hours post-morning meal; pre-midday meal; 2 hours post-midday meal; pre-evening; 2 hours post-evening meal; bedtime; and 3AM or 5 hours after bedtime. Least Squares (LS) means of the mean of the 8 time points (daily mean) were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with country, treatment, and prior medication group as fixed effects and baseline daily mean as a covariate.

  5. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Body Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with country, treatment, and prior medication group as fixed effects and baseline body weight as a covariate.

  6. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Body Mass Index (BMI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Body mass index is an estimate of body fat based on body weight divided by height squared. Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with country, treatment, and prior medication group as fixed effects and baseline BMI as a covariate.

  7. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Homeostasis Model Assessment of Beta-cell Function [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) quantifies insulin resistance and beta-cell function. HOMA2-B is a computer model that uses fasting plasma insulin and glucose concentrations to estimate steady-state beta cell function (%B) as a percentage of a normal reference population (normal young adults). HOMA2-S is a computer model that uses fasting plasma insulin and glucose concentrations to estimate insulin sensitivity (%S) as percentages of a normal reference population (normal young adults). The normal reference populations were set at 100%. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures (MMRM) with treatment, country, prior medication group, visit, and treatment-by-visit interaction as fixed effects, baseline HOMA2 as a covariate, and participant as a random effect.

  8. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in the Impact of Weight on Activities of Daily Living (IW-ADL) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The Impact of Weight on Activities of Daily Living (renamed the Ability to Perform Physical Activities of Daily Living [APPADL]) questionnaire contains 7 items that assess how difficult it is for participants to engage in certain activities considered to be integral to normal daily life, such as walking, standing and climbing stairs. Items are scored on a 5-point numeric rating scale where 5 = "not at all difficult" and 1 = "unable to do". The individual scores from all 7 items are summed and a single total score is calculated and may range between 7 and 35. A higher score indicates better ability to perform activities of daily living. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) adjusted by treatment, country, prior medication group, gender, and baseline score.

  9. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in the Impact of Weight on Self-Perception (IW-SP) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The Impact of Weight on Self-Perception (IW-SP) questionnaire contains 3 items that assess how often the participants' body weight affects how happy they are with their appearance and how often they feel self-conscious when out in public. Items are scored on a 5-point numeric rating scale where 5 = never and 1 = always. A single total score is calculated by summing the scores for all 3 items. Total score ranges between 3 and 15, where a higher score is indicative of better self-perception. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) adjusted by treatment, country, prior medication group, gender, and baseline score.

  10. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQ) Score, Status Version [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire status version (DTSQs) is used to assess participant treatment satisfaction at each study visit. The questionnaire consists of 8 items, 6 of which (1 and 4 through 8) assess treatment satisfaction. Each item is rated on a 7-point Likert scale. Scores from the 6 treatment satisfaction items are summed to a Total Treatment Satisfaction Score, which ranges from 0 (very dissatisfied) to 36 (very satisfied). Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) adjusted by treatment, country, prior medication group, gender, and baseline score.

  11. Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (DTSQ) Score, Change Version [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    The Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire change (DTSQc) score is used to assess relative change in participant satisfaction from baseline. The questionnaire consists of 8 items, 6 of which (1 and 4 through 8) assess treatment satisfaction. Each item is rated on a 7-point Likert scale. The scores from the 6 treatment satisfaction items are summed to a Total Treatment Satisfaction Score, which ranges from -18 (much less satisfied) to +18 (much more satisfied). Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) adjusted by treatment, country, prior medication group, gender, and baseline score.

  12. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in the Diabetes Symptoms Checklist Participant-reported Outcome (DSC-r) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The Diabetes Symptoms Checklist-revised (DSC-r) was designed to assess the presence and perceived burden of diabetes-related symptoms. Respondents were to consider troublesomeness of 34 symptoms on a 5-point scale ranging from 5="extremely" to 1="not at all." For symptoms/side-effects not experienced, the item was scored as 0. Symptoms were grouped into the following subscales: psychology-fatigue, psychology-cognitive, neurology-pain, neurology-sensory, cardiology, ophthalmology, hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia. Subscale scores were calculated as the sum of the given subscale divided by the total number of items in the scale. Total score was computed from the sum of the 8 subscales and ranged from 0 to 40. Higher scores indicate greater symptom burden. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) adjusted by treatment, country, prior medication group, gender, and baseline score.

  13. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events at 26 and 52 Weeks [ Time Frame: 26 weeks and 52 weeks ]
    A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) was defined as an event that first occurs or worsens (increases in severity) after baseline regardless of causality or severity. The number of participants with one or more TEAE is summarized cumulatively at 26 and 52 weeks. A summary of serious and other non-serious adverse events regardless of causality is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  14. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Electrocardiogram Parameters, Fridericia Corrected QT (QTcF) Interval and PR Interval [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    The QT interval is a measure of the time between the start of the Q wave and the end of the T wave and was calculated from electrocardiogram (ECG) data using Fridericia's formula: QTc = QT/RR^0.33. Corrected QT (QTc) is the QT interval corrected for heart rate and RR, which is the interval between two R waves. PR is the interval between the P wave and the QRS complex. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures (MMRM) with treatment, country, prior medication group, visit, and treatment-by-visit interaction as fixed effects, baseline interval as a covariate, and participant as a random effect.

  15. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Electrocardiogram Parameters, Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Electrocardiogram (ECG) heart rate was measured. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures (MMRM) with treatment, country, prior medication group, visit, and treatment-by-visit interaction as fixed effects and baseline interval as a covariate.

  16. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Pulse Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Sitting pulse rate was measured. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures (MMRM) with treatment, country, prior medication group, visit, and treatment-by-visit interaction as fixed effects, baseline interval as a covariate, and participant as a random effect.

  17. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Sitting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured. Least Squares (LS) means of change from baseline were calculated using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures (MMRM) with treatment, country, prior medication group, visit, and treatment-by-visit interaction as fixed effects, baseline interval as a covariate, and participant as a random effect.

  18. Percent Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Total Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Percent changes in total cholesterol were assessed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) on the rank-transformed data with only treatment included in the model.

  19. Percentage Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Percentage changes in HDL-C were assessed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) on the rank-transformed data with only treatment included in the model.

  20. Percentage Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Percentage changes in LDL-C were assessed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) on the rank-transformed data with only treatment included in the model.

  21. Percentage Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Triglycerides [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Percentage changes in triglycerides were assessed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) on the rank-transformed data with only treatment included in the model.

  22. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Pancreatic Enzymes [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Amylase (total and pancreas-derived [PD]) and lipase concentrations were measured.

  23. Change From Baseline to 26 and 52 Weeks in Serum Calcitonin [ Time Frame: Baseline, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
  24. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Anti-LY2189265 Antibodies [ Time Frame: Baseline through 52 weeks ]
    A participant was considered to have treatment emergent LY2189265 anti-drug antibodies (ADA) if the participant had at least one titer that was treatment-emergent relative to baseline, defined as a 4-fold or greater increase in titer from baseline measurement. The total number of treatment emergent ADA was not analyzed at 26 weeks.

  25. Number of Self-reported Hypoglycemic Events at 26 and 52 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline through 26 weeks and 52 weeks ]
    Hypoglycemic events were classified as severe (defined as episodes requiring the assistance of another person to actively administer resuscitative actions), documented symptomatic (defined as any time a participant feels that he/she is experiencing symptoms and/or signs associated with hypoglycemia, and has a plasma glucose level of less than or equal to 70 milligrams per deciliter [mg/dL]), or asymptomatic (defined as events not accompanied by typical symptoms of hypoglycemia but with a measured plasma glucose of less than or equal to 70 mg/dL). A summary of serious and other non-serious adverse events regardless of causality is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  26. Rate of Self-reported Hypoglycemic Events at 52 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline through 52 weeks ]
    Hypoglycemic events were classified as severe (defined as episodes requiring the assistance of another person to actively administer resuscitative actions), documented symptomatic (defined as any time a participant feels that he/she is experiencing symptoms and/or signs associated with hypoglycemia, and has a plasma glucose level of less than or equal to 70 milligrams per deciliter [mg/dL]), or asymptomatic (defined as events not accompanied by typical symptoms of hypoglycemia but with a measured plasma glucose of less than or equal to 70 mg/dL). The 1-year adjusted rate of hypoglycemic events is summarized cumulatively at 52 weeks. A summary of serious and other non-serious adverse events regardless of causality is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  27. Number of Participants With Adjudicated Pancreatitis at 52 Weeks Plus 30-day Follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline through 52 weeks plus 30-day follow up ]
    The number of participants with pancreatitis confirmed by adjudication is summarized cumulatively at 52 weeks plus 30-day follow up. A summary of serious and other non-serious adverse events regardless of causality is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  28. Number of Participants With Adjudicated Cardiovascular Events at 52 Weeks Plus 30-day Follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline through 52 weeks plus 30-day follow up ]
    Information on cardiovascular (CV) risk factors was collected at baseline. Data on any new CV event was prospectively collected using a CV event electronic case report form. Deaths and nonfatal cardiovascular adverse events (AEs) were adjudicated by an external committee of physicians with cardiology expertise. Nonfatal cardiovascular AEs to be adjudicated included myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, hospitalization for heart failure, coronary interventions, and cerebrovascular events, including cerebrovascular accident (stroke) and transient ischemic attack. The number of participants with CV events confirmed by adjudication is summarized cumulatively at 52 weeks plus 30-day follow up. Serious and all other non-serious adverse events regardless of causality are summarized in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  29. Measurement of LY2189265 Drug Concentration for Pharmacokinetics: Area Under the Concentration Curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 13 weeks, 26 weeks, and 52 weeks ]
    Evaluable pharmacokinetic concentrations from the 4-week, 13-week, 26-week, and 52-week timepoints were combined and utilized in a population approach to determine the population mean estimate and standard deviation at steady-state.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have type 2 diabetes for greater than or equal to 3 months and less than or equal to 5 years based on the disease diagnostic criteria (refer to the World Health Organization's [WHO] Classification of Diabetes).
  • Are treatment-naïve, not optimally controlled with diet and exercise alone, or are taking 1 oral antihyperglycemic medication (OAM) as monotherapy (excluding thiazolidinediones). For those on 1 OAM, the dose must be less than or equal to 50% the maximum authorized per local label.
  • Are able and willing to tolerate a minimum dose of 1500 milligrams per day (mg/day) or up to 2000 mg/day of metformin.
  • Have glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) greater than or equal to 6.5% to less than or equal to 9.5%.
  • Females of childbearing potential (not surgically sterilized and between menarche and 1-year postmenopausal) must: a) test negative for pregnancy at screening based on a serum pregnancy test, and b) agree to use a reliable method of birth control during the study and for 1 month following the last dose of study drug; or c) not be breastfeeding.
  • Have a stable weight (plus or minus 5%) greater than or equal to 3 months prior to screening.
  • Have a body mass index (BMI) between 23 and 45 kilograms per square meter (kg/m^2), inclusive.
  • Are well-motivated, capable, and willing to: a) perform self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) testing; b) learn how to self-inject treatment (LY2189265 or placebo) and c) maintain a study diary.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  • Are being or have been treated with any of the following medications: a) chronically treated with insulin for the treatment of diabetes in the past; however, a short-term use of insulin more than 3 months prior to screening is allowable, b) glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogs within 3 months prior to this screening, c) drugs to cause weight loss within 3 months prior to screening, d) thiazolidinediones (TZDs) within 3 months prior to screening, e) chronically treated (greater than or equal to 14 days) with an oral glucocorticoid or have received this type of therapy within 4 weeks prior to screening, or f) illegal drugs.
  • Have had 1 or more cases of uncontrolled diabetes that required hospitalization in the 6 months prior to screening.
  • Have stomach problems, have chronically taken medication to increase movement in the digestive tract or slow down the emptying of the digestive tract, or have had gastric bypass (bariatric) surgery.
  • Have had problems with the heart or brain in the past 2 months prior to screening, such as a heart attack, chest pain, heart failure, heart bypass operation, angioplasty or stent insertion, a heart rhythm problem, or a stroke.
  • Have a serum creatinine result which shows a greater than or equal to 1.5 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) for men or greater than or equal to 1.4 mg/dL for women.
  • Have a problem with the liver or pancreas.
  • Have a creatinine clearance result which shows less than 60 milliliters per minute (mL/min), evidence of a significant active, uncontrolled endocrine (hormone), or active autoimmune abnormality.
  • Have a serum calcitonin test which shows greater than or equal to 20 picograms per milliliter (pcg/mL) at the time of screening.
  • Have a family history of medullary C-cell hyperplasia or endocrine neoplasia type 2A or type 2B.
  • Have cancer (except for skin cancer) or have been in remission from cancer for less than 5 years.
  • Have had an organ transplant except for corneal transplant.
  • Have received treatment within the last 30 days with a drug which has not been regulatory approved.
  • Have participated in a medical, surgical, or pharmaceutical study where these types of procedures were performed within 30 days prior to screening.
  • Have any condition that is a contraindication to or would interfere with medications provided for this study to treat diabetes.
  • Have a blood disorder that would interfere with the drawing of blood glucose measurements or lab samples.
  • Have previously participated or signed an informed consent document for this same type of study and study drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01126580


Locations
Show Show 91 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eli Lilly and Company
Investigators
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Study Director: Call 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559) or 1-317-615-4559 Mon - Fri 9 AM - 5 PM Eastern time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST) Eli Lilly and Company
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Eli Lilly and Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01126580    
Other Study ID Numbers: 11375
H9X-MC-GBDC ( Other Identifier: Eli Lilly and Company )
CTRI/2010/091/003036 ( Registry Identifier: Clinical Trials Register India )
First Posted: May 19, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 16, 2015
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2015
Last Verified: January 2015
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Metformin
Dulaglutide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs