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Abdominal Colpopexy: Comparison of Endoscopic Surgical Strategies (ACCESS)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified October 2012 by Loyola University.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Loyola University Identifier:
First received: May 6, 2010
Last updated: October 29, 2012
Last verified: October 2012

The purpose of this research is to determine if there is a difference in total costs of care and return to health in women who undergo a laparoscopic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC)compared to those undergoing the same procedure with the assistance of a robot.

Both traditional laparoscopic and robotic assisted laparoscopic approaches have been found to result in shorter hospital stays, decreased blood loss and similar surgical outcomes as compared to open abdominal surgery. The decision to use robotic assistance is typically based on surgeon preference and robot availability. Thje investigators don't know if the decision to use robotic assistance at the time of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is a benefit for the patient. The investigators will compare the outcomes of cost, quality of life, and return to work for women who undergo a laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy utilizing the robot to those using traditional laparoscopic techniques.

This research study is designed to compare the total costs and treatment success of these two surgical techniques. In addition, the investigators also will compare outcomes of post-operative pain, quality of life, sexual function, return to normal activities and satisfaction with treatment outcome.

Condition Intervention
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Procedure: Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic ASC
Procedure: Laparoscopic Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Abdominal Colpopexy: Comparison of Endoscopic Surgical Strategies

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Loyola University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Measure total cost of care between women who undergo laparoscopic and robotic assisted laparoscopic Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy [ Time Frame: 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To measure the total cost of care and relate the difference in cost of care between the women undergoing laparoscopic and robotic assisted laparoscopic Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy (ASC)to differences in health utilities and health-related quality of life, which will allow us to examine the cost-effectiveness of robotic assistance.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To compare short-term recovery and the time to return to normal activities between women undergoing laparoscopic and robotic assisted laparoscopic ASC. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    1) Quality of Life

    1. Global: compare SF-36 scores and sub-scales , EQ-5D amongst groups.
    2. Disease-specific: compare urinary, bowel and prolapse scales of validated conditions specific Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire amongst groups.

Estimated Enrollment: 104
Study Start Date: January 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Laparoscopic Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy Procedure: Laparoscopic Abdominal Sacrocolpopexy
Laparoscopic repair of pelvic organ prolapse
Active Comparator: Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic ASC Procedure: Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic ASC
robotic assisted laparoscopy for surgical repair of pelvic organ prolapse.

Detailed Description:

Approximately one in ten women undergoes surgery for prolapse or incontinence in her lifetime. Of these, up to thirty percent require a re-operation for recurrence of their prolapse or incontinence symptoms. It has been estimated one in nine women will undergo a hysterectomy in her lifetime, and up to 10% of these women will require surgery for symptomatic vaginal vault prolapse. The search for the ideal repair for pelvic organ prolapse has led to the invention of several approaches to this problem.

Abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) with synthetic mesh is considered the gold standard in the surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse with anatomic success rates ranging from 90 to 100% (Brubaker L, Guiahi M). Randomized comparative effectiveness trials and systematic literature reviews demonstrated the anatomic superiority of open ASC compared to vaginal sacrospinous ligament suspension.

Although ASC has the highest anatomic success rates for correcting apical prolapse, it is traditionally done via a laparotomy requiring an abdominal incision. Open technique is associated with more frequent short-term complications, including gastrointestinal (Benson JT, Whitehead W).

Minimally invasive approaches to ASC using laparoscopy or robotic assisted laparoscopy demonstrate shorter hospital stays, decreased blood loss, and similar short-term anatomic outcomes when compared to open ASC (Geller E, Tarr M, Paiso M). Increasing numbers of surgeons and patients choose minimally invasive ASC to maximize the benefits of abdominally placed mesh and the shorter-recovery associated with minimally invasive surgery. Few studies have compared laparoscopy to robotic assisted-laparoscopy in pelvic reconstructive surgery.

Like many techniques in pelvic surgery, trends in the management of pelvic organ prolapse continue to evolve. Unfortunately, such trends are not supported by level I data, specifically that provided by randomized clinical trials. Although robotic technology is new and rapidly spreading throughout the urologic and gynecologic communities, there are no randomized trials comparing outcomes of robotic to more traditional laparoscopic techniques for reconstructive pelvic surgery. Retrospective series indicate comparable efficacy with respect to cure of prolapse. However, to date is it unknown how robotic surgery compares to laparoscopic techniques with respect to cost, patient safety, pain, and ability to return to normal activities.

The use of the robot in laparoscopic surgery is costly. The costs of purchasing a robot has been estimated at $1.5 million dollars with annual maintenance costs of $112,0007. In addition, additional costs exist for the robotic equipment utilized with each case. It is arguable that the maintenance and operative equipment costs may overshadow any potential savings in length of hospital stay and patient convalescence. However, if robotic sacrocolpopexy can provide better immediate quality of life, less pain, and faster recovery compared to laparoscopic techniques, the investment in robotic techniques may very well be cost effective when a societal perspective is taken.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Stage II to IV pelvic organ prolapse
  2. Prolapse of the vaginal apex or cervix to at least half way into the vaginal canal (POP-Q point C > -TVL/2)
  3. Vaginal bulge symptoms as indicated by an affirmative response to either question 4 or 5 of the PFDI;

    • Do you usually have the sensation of a bulging or protrusion from the vaginal area?
    • Do you usually have a bulge or something falling out that you can see or feel in the vaginal area?
  4. Minimally invasive ASC is planned
  5. Available for 12 months of follow-up
  6. Able to complete study assessments, per clinician judgment
  7. Able and willing to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Contraindication to laparoscopic or robotically assisted laparoscopic ASC in the opinion of the treating surgeon
  2. Subject wished to retain her uterus (ASC requires removal of uterus, if not previously removed)
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01124916

United States, California
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
United States, Illinois
Loyola University Medical Center
Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153
Sponsors and Collaborators
Loyola University
National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
Principal Investigator: Kimberly Kenton, M.D. Loyola University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Loyola University Identifier: NCT01124916     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201805  RC1EB010649-01 
Study First Received: May 6, 2010
Last Updated: October 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Loyola University:
Abdominal sacrocolpopexy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical processed this record on December 02, 2016