Knee Arthroplasty Performed With Conventional and Customized Instrumentation (CPI)
The main purpose of this study is to determine whether the surgical time required for primary total knee arthroplasty is significantly less when performed with Customized Patient Instrumentation (CPI) than with conventional instrumentation. Each case will be recorded by video camera, in order to time the length of surgery and each surgical step. The number of surgical trays required for each case will be recorded. As an additional endpoint, the investigators will measure limb and component alignment on x-rays to determine if these two methods achieve equivalent alignment results. The thickness of bone cuts will be compared to the surgical plan and to each other.
The primary hypothesis is that the use of customized patient instrumentation will reduce the operative time required for total knee arthroplasty.
|Knee Arthritis||Device: Customized Patient Instrumentation Device: Traditional Instrumentation||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Prospective, Randomized Evaluation of Total Knee Arthroplasty Performed With Conventional and Customized Patient Instrumentation|
- Length of Surgery [ Time Frame: 1 day ]Time elapsed from skin incision to wound closure (in seconds)
- Length of Each Surgical Step (in Seconds) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]surgical exposure, tibial alignment and resection, femoral distal cut, extension gap balancing, sizing the femur, 4 finishing femoral cuts, posterior releases, patellar resection, trial components, tibial tray preparation, cleanup/ prep for cement, cementing femur, cementing tibia, cementing patella, and closure
- Number of Instrument Trays Required [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
- Limb Alignment (Mechanical Axis) [ Time Frame: 4 months ]Alignment is measured on 4 month postoperative radiograph in degrees. The goal is a mechanical axis between and femur and tibia of 0 degrees. Varus alignment ("bow-legged") is shown as a negative number in degrees away from 0. Valgus alignment ("Knock-kneed") is expressed as a positive number in degrees away from 0.
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Traditional Instrumentation
Control group: Cases performed with traditional surgical instruments
Device: Traditional Instrumentation
Traditional surgical instruments will be used to make bone cuts and size the components in this control group.
Experimental: Customized Patient Instrumentation
Experimental group: Cases performed with custom instruments specifically made for each patient using pre-op CT scans.
Device: Customized Patient Instrumentation
Custom cutting guides based on computed tomography (CT) images of the patient's leg are used to make the bone cuts and select the implant size.
Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) has been developed for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with several potential advantages over traditional instrumentation (TI). Shortened surgical time, fewer surgical instruments, and improved alignment are some of these proposed advantages. We sought to examine these assertions.
52 patients (26 per group) were enrolled in a prospective, randomized trial comparing CT-based PSI with TI. No difference was seen in average patient age (68 years) or BMI (31) between groups (p=0.84 and p=0.89), although there were more males in the PSI group (14 vs 7, p=0.002). A single surgeon and consistent staff performed the surgeries with the same knee prostheses, and all cases were videotaped to measure the length of surgery and each individual step. Any additional bone cuts, size changes, or ligament releases made to achieve correct alignment and balance were documented. The number of instrument trays opened for each case was recorded. Postoperative long alignment and lateral radiographs were taken to measure the coronal and sagittal plane component alignment and mechanical axis in each patient.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01124305
|United States, Virginia|
|Anderson Orthopaedic Research Institute|
|Alexandria, Virginia, United States, 22306|
|Principal Investigator:||William G Hamilton, MD||Anderson Orthopaedic Research Institute|