Prospective Evaluation of Limbal Relaxing Incision (LRI) in Conjunction With Phacoemulsification Surgery for Astigmatic Correction in Chinese Eyes
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Prospective Evaluation of Limbal Relaxing Incision (LRI) in Conjunction With Phacoemulsification Surgery for Astigmatic Correction in Chinese Eyes|
- Amount of surgically induced astigmatism at three months postop [ Time Frame: at three months postop ]
- Depth of LRI achieved at one month postop [ Time Frame: at one month postop ]
- Unaided visual acuity at three months postop [ Time Frame: at three months postop ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
An important aim in cataract surgery has always been a good postoperative visual outcome. Efforts have been made to achieve this, with the introduction of intraocular lens in the 1980s and small incision cataract surgery in the 1990s. In the recent years, 'refractive' cataract surgery has taken the form of corneal astigmatic correction. Patients with pre-existing astigmatism of more than 1.5D may benefit from surgical correction during cataract surgery, in the hope of improving uncorrected visual acuity as well as lesser image distortion from corneal aberrations.
The limbal relaxing incisional technique involves placement of incisions corresponding to the steep meridian, thereby resulting in corneal flattening and reduction of astigmatic power. It is increasingly popular due to its advantages. LRI is simple to perform, very safe procedure in experienced hands, effective for astigmatic reduction of up to 4D, has rapid visual rehabilitation and is associated with very few visual complications due to the peripheral location of the incisions. Possible complications include globe weakening, corneal perforation, worsening of astigmatism, incorrect incisional placement and corneal hypoesthesia.
LRI technique and the practical nomograms has been described and made feasible by both James P Gills and Louis D Nichamin. Based on preoperatively measured astigmatic power and axis, these two nomograms recommend a systematic approach to the amount of surgical correction required.
The reason for the Nichamin nomogram being more frequently applied, can be attributed to a few inherent features. It accounts for the age of the patient as a surgical variability and recommends the use of paired arcuate limbal incisions measured in degrees of arc. Paired incisions enable symmetric corneal flattening at the steep meridian, whilst arcuate incisions are more physiological, thereby resulting in accurate astigmatic correction that is independent of corneal diameter. Nichamin has also implemented a modified Nichamin age and pachymetry-adjusted nomogram (otherwise known as 'NAPA' nomogram). It accounts for the patient's peripheral corneal thickness and adjusts the incisional depth accordingly to achieve 90% of corneal thickness.
Many studies have shown that LRI is an effective option for astigmatic correction in Caucasian eyes. Whether these results can be further extrapolated to apply to Chinese eyes are still largely uncertain. To date, there has not been a formal study conducted to evaluate this hypothesis. Moreover, there has been some anecdotal evidence suggesting less favorable postoperative outcome of LRI in Chinese eyes. The main objective of our study is thus to assess the utility and effectiveness of LRI in Chinese eyes.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01122992
|Singapore National Eye Centre|
|Singapore, Singapore, 168751|
|Principal Investigator:||Wei Han Chua, FRCS Ophthalmology||Singapore National Eye Centre|