Study on the Effects on Blood Glucose Following Intradermal and Subcutaneous Dosing of Insulin in Diabetic Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01120444
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 11, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2011
Information provided by:
Becton, Dickinson and Company

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of bolus delivery of insulin when delivered either intradermally (in the skin) or subcutaneously (under the skin) in diabetics.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Device: BD Research Catheter with 34G x 1.5 mm needle Device: Subcutaneous delivery of insulin using Disetronic Accu-Chek Rapid D infusion set Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Each patient will participate in 10 visits of which the first, Visit 1, is a Screening Visit.

Visit 2 will consist of a brief isoglycemic clamp with a single IV insulin challenge to determine insulin sensitivity. A subsequent test meal and single SC insulin dose (off clamp) will be done to determine the nominal coverage dose of insulin for a mixed meal containing 60g of carbohydrate. This nominal dose will form the basis of insulin bolus dosing for the remainder of the study visits.

For Visits 3-9, patients will come to the institute in the early morning 24 hours prior to the meal test for the application of a Continuous Glucose Monitor (Dexcom Seven Plus™, Dexcom, INC). Subjects will receive standardized meals during the day and their blood glucose will be stabilized overnight to a concentration of 115±15 mg/dL via IV insulin and/or glucose infusions. The next morning the subjects will start the experimental intervention. Immediately prior to standardized meals (2 minutes before eating) the patients will receive insulin by either the ID or SC route, followed by the breakfast (rapidly absorbed carb) meal at time point T0. Meal consumption will occur over a 10 to 15 min time interval. Blood glucose excursions will be observed in the 6 hours thereafter (until T= 360 min). Between hours 6 to 7, BG may be re-stabilized to starting values (115±15 mg/dL) by administration of IV insulin or glucose if necessary. At that time a second insulin injection (same dose as at time point T= -2 minutes) will be given and a second standardized lunch (mixed) meal will be administered. Blood glucose excursions will be followed for an additional 6 hours thereafter (T = 780 minutes)

Conditions for Visits 3-8 will be:

  • Condition 1. Individualized Lispro ID dose (nominal dose based on prior insulin sensitivity testing and patient-specific insulin-to-carb ratio) given immediately (2min) prior to a breakfast meal containing predominantly rapidly absorbed carbohydrates (std 60 g CHO; approximately 70:15:15 CHO:protein:fat); a second lunch mixed meal given 7 hours later contains the same total number of carbohydrates (std 60 g mixed) but with a mixed composition between carbohydrate, protein, and fat (ratio approximately 35:25:40).
  • Condition 2. Equivalent insulin dose and meal regimen as Condition 1 but given by the SC route.
  • Conditions 3 and 4. The meal regimen from Condition 1, with ID and SC doses increased 30% above the nominal dose to simulate inappropriate carb counting.
  • Conditions 5 and 6. The meal regimen from Condition 1, with ID and SC doses decreased 30% below the nominal dose to simulate inappropriate carb counting.

In addition during each meal challenge the subject will be maintained on an Animas pump intradermally delivering a combined bolus and basal profile of a placebo (5% dextrose for injection solution) during the study period to evaluate flow biomechanics.

Visit 9 will examine a single earlier dose timing (determined by analysis of the glycemic profile dataset from the prior 8 visits) relative to the two meals for the ID route only, using the optimal target dose from conditions 1 and 2.

Patients will have a final examination, Visit 10, immediately following Visit 9.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Single Center, Open-label, Randomized Study Examining the Glycemic Effects of ID vs SC Bolus Dosing of Insulin Lispro in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes
Study Start Date : April 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Blood Sugar
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Subcutaneous delivery of insulin
A bolus dose of insulin will be given subcutaneously just prior to a standardized meal.
Device: Subcutaneous delivery of insulin using Disetronic Accu-Chek Rapid D infusion set
bolus delivery of insulin given subcutaneously prior to standardized meal
Other Name: Disetronic Accu-Chek Rapid D infusion set - 6mm cannula
Experimental: Intradermal delivery of insulin
A bolus dose of insulin will be given intradermally just prior to a standardized meal
Device: BD Research Catheter with 34G x 1.5 mm needle
bolus injection of insulin given intradermal prior to standardized meal

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood Glucose [ Time Frame: 12-14 hours ]
    To compare between the ID and SC routes the relative PD times "in-range" (70-180 mg/dL) for glycemic excursions following two types of standardized meals and three dose ranges (optimum dose and +/- 30%).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Insulin levels [ Time Frame: 12-14 hours ]
    To compare the pharmacokinetics of insulin absorption as well as the intra-subject variability for each delivery routes.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Male and female patients will be included in the trial only if they fulfill all of the inclusion criteria mentioned below:

  • Understood and signed informed consent obtained before any trial-related activities (trial-related activities are any procedures that would not have been performed during normal management of the patient)
  • Type 1 Diabetes mellitus, according to clinical judgment / ADA / WHO-definition (Diabetes Care 2003; 26: 5-20) for at least 1 year.
  • Usage of insulin pump therapy or multiple daily injections ("basal-bolus") with carb counting for at least six months
  • Age in the range of ≥18 and ≤55 years
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≤32 kg/m²
  • HbA1c ≤ 8.0% at screening
  • Able and willing to adhere to the study procedures for the entire trial period
  • Negative test results for hepatitis C antibodies, hepatitis B surface antigen and HIV at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients will not be permitted to enter the trial, if they fulfill any of the exclusion criteria mentioned below:

  • Previous participation in this trial or participation in a clinical trial within 3 months prior to screening examination
  • Any symptoms suggestive of, or a diagnosis or treatment for gastroparesis
  • Abnormalities in renal function (e.g. serum creatinine >1.2 mg/dl) or judged by the investigator that would pose a problem of clearance of injected insulin
  • Proliferative retinopathy or maculopathy that has required acute treatment within the last six months
  • Acute and severe illness apart from diabetes mellitus as judged by the investigator
  • Abnormalities in the laboratory parameters if judged as clinically significant by the investigator. In particular, patients with GOT/GPT >3x, thrombocyte count <100/nL, INR >1.3, PTT >50 sec.
  • Clinically significant abnormalities in the ECG
  • Recurrent major hypoglycemia or hypoglycemic unawareness as judged by the investigator
  • Lipodystrophy which in the judgment of the investigator would pose a problem in terms of variability of absorption of injected insulin
  • Use of systemic corticoids for the last three month prior screening examination or treatment with medication known to interfere with glucose metabolism such as non-selective ß-blockers, or mono amine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, ACE-inhibitors or thiazides, unless such medical treatment has existed for at least three months and is not changing, prior to screening examination
  • Any disease requiring use of anti-coagulants
  • Impaired hepatic or renal functions as judged by the investigator Cardiac problems as judged by the investigator
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (treated or untreated) as judged by the investigator (RRsyst. >140 mmHg, RRdiast. > 90 mmHg)
  • Mental incapacity, unwillingness or language barriers precluding adequate understanding or co-operation Current addiction to alcohol or substances of abuse as determined by the investigator
  • Allergy to plaster/adhesive
  • Any other condition that the investigator feels would interfere with trial participation or evaluation of results.
  • Females of childbearing potential who are pregnant, breast-feeding or intend to become pregnant or are not using adequate contraceptive methods (adequate contraceptive measures include sterilisation, hormonal intrauterine devices, oral contraceptives, sexual abstinence or vasectomised partner).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01120444

Profil Institute of Clinical Research
Neuss, Germany, D41460
Sponsors and Collaborators
Becton, Dickinson and Company
Principal Investigator: Christoph Kapitza, MD Profil Institute of Research

Responsible Party: Kevin Judge, MD, Becton, Dickinson and Company Identifier: NCT01120444     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BDT-09-ADC004
First Posted: May 11, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2011
Last Verified: April 2011

Keywords provided by Becton, Dickinson and Company:
Blood Glucose

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs