Pilot Study on the Effect of High Clopidogrel Maintenance Dosing (PREDICT)
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||PREDICT: Scripps Pilot Study on the Effect of High Clopidogrel Maintenance Dosing and Its Relationship to Cytochrome P450 2C19 Polymorphism Status|
|Study Start Date:||December 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|double dosing of Clopidogrel||
150 mg dosage of Clopidogrel for 7 to 10 days.
Other Name: Plavix
When added to aspirin, clopidogrel at a routine dose of 75 mg daily reduces the incidence of thrombotic vascular adverse events in patients with acute coronary syndromes and those undergoing percutaneous interventions (PCI). The observation that many patients have less than expected platelet inhibition with clopidogrel has given rise to the concept of clopidogrel resistance. Clopidogrel resistance is associated with increased adverse events such as stent thrombosis, post-stent ischemic events and periprocedural myocardial infarctions. Some patients can overcome the resistance with increasing the dose of clopidogrel. A higher maintenance dose (150 mg daily) in patients undergoing PCI results in superior platelet inhibition and may reduce cardiovascular events. Clopidogrel is a thienopyridine prodrug, which is converted to its active metabolite by several enzymes of the P450 family, including CYP2C19. The loss-of-function CYP2C19*2 (681 G>A) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), occurring as either a hetero- or homozygous allele, reduces the conversion of clopidogrel to its active metabolite. Two recent studies have shown an association between CYP2C19*2 polymorphism and lack of platelet inhibition with clopidogrel. These studies included healthy volunteers and patients undergoing elective PCI and demonstrated a prevalence of the CYP2C19*2 allele of 25-30%. Platelet inhibition was not affected by clopidogrel in those who carried the CYP2C19*2 polymorphism.
Our hypothesis is the following: Patients who are carriers of the loss-of-function CYP2C19*2 allele (heterozygous 1*/2* or homozygous 2*/2*) have decreased platelet inhibition on clopidogrel which cannot be overcome with increasing the maintenance dose from 75 mg to 150 mg daily.
The specific aim will include an evaluation of the anti-platelet response of a higher maintenance dose of clopidogrel (150 mg /daily) in patients who are resistant to the usual dose (75 mg/daily) and are either carriers or non-carriers of the CYP2C19*2 allele.
The study design will be a single center, prospective, observational pilot study. We will screen and enroll patients who are followed at Scripps Clinic and on chronic clopidogrel therapy. All patients will be eligible. A blood sample will be collected to perform DNA extraction and genotyping for the CYP2C19*2 polymorphism. Platelet function assays will be performed using VerifyNow point-of-care assay. We will recruit 60 patients with high platelet reactivity (PRU > 230): 30 wild-types (normal) and 30 carriers (heterozygous or homozygous) of the CYP2C19*2 polymorphism. These patients will be given 150 mg of clopidogrel for 1 week, at which time the platelet assay will be repeated. At that time, patients will be counseled by the study physicians regarding the potential risks and benefits of continuing to receive 150 mg of clopidogrel per day versus returning to the FDA approved dose of 75 mg daily.
The immediate objective is to evaluate the possibility of overcoming clopidogrel resistance in carriers of CYP2C19*2 with a higher maintenance dose. The long term objective is to improve patient care and outcomes using personalized medicine based on the individual's genotype.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01118793
|United States, California|
|La Jolla, California, United States, 92037|
|Principal Investigator:||Colin Barker, MD||Scripps Health|