A Safety and Tolerability Study of Otelixizumab in Thyroid Eye Disease

This study has been terminated.
(Clinical study in Graves' ophthalmopathy terminated until there is a better understanding of an efficacious dose with Otelixizumab from other clinical studies.)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: April 29, 2010
Last updated: May 29, 2014
Last verified: September 2013
The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and tolerability of otelixizumab in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (thyroid eye disease). There is currently no alternative therapy available for this condition other than treatment with steroids, or radiotherapy and surgery. The study also includes a comparison of the current steroid treatment, methylprednisolone, with the proposed new otelixizumab treatment.

Condition Intervention Phase
Graves Ophthalmopathy
Drug: Otelixizumab - low dose
Drug: Otelixizumab - medium low dose
Drug: Otelixizumab - medium high dose
Drug: Otelixizumab - high dose
Drug: Otelixizumab
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Comparator Controlled, Two Part, Open-label Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacodynamics of Multiple Doses of Otelixizumab in Patients With Thyroid Orbitopathy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and tolerability as assessed by adverse events, vital signs, clinical laboratory tests and viral load monitoring [ Time Frame: Primary study measures - 6 months. Long term follow up - 48 months ]
  • Assessment of CD3/TCR complex [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • T lymphocyte sub sets counts [ Time Frame: Primary study measures - 6 months. Long term follow up - 48 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • European Group on Graves' Orbitopathy (EUGOGO) Clinical Activity Score [ Time Frame: Primary study measures - 6 months. Long term follow up - 48 months ]
  • Health related quality of life questionnaires (SF-36 & GO-QoL) [ Time Frame: Primary study measures - 6 months. Long term follow up - 48 months ]
  • Orbital volume as measured by CT scan [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Assessment of anti-otelixizumab antibodies, circulating cytokines and other exploratory tissue biomarkers [ Time Frame: Primary study measures - 6 months. Long term follow up - 48 months ]

Enrollment: 2
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Part A
Up to 4 cohorts of 5 patients receive dose rising treatments of otelixizumab
Drug: Otelixizumab - low dose
8 day dose rising intravenous infusions of a low dose of otelixizumab
Drug: Otelixizumab - medium low dose
8 day dose rising intravenous infusions of a medium low dose of otelixizumab
Drug: Otelixizumab - medium high dose
8 day dose rising intravenous infusions of a medium high dose of otelixizumab
Drug: Otelixizumab - high dose
8 day dose rising intravenous infusions of a high dose of otelixizumab
Experimental: Part B - Otelixizumab
Parallel dosing group in Part B receive otelixizumab over 8 days at a dose decided upon results from Part A
Drug: Otelixizumab
8 day dose rising intravenous infusions of otelixizumab administered at a dose decided upon results from Part A.
Active Comparator: Part B - Methylprednisolone
Parallel dosing group in Part B of weekly doses of methylprednisolone for 12 weeks
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Weekly intravenous infusions of methylprednisolone administered as 500 mg per week for 6 weeks and then 250 mg per week for 6 weeks

Detailed Description:

This is a study of otelixizumab, a monoclonal antibody (MAb) directed against the human lymphocyte antigen CD3 (a protein found on a certain type of white blood cell). This will be an open-label, comparator-controlled, two part study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of otelixizumab in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). It will also look to see if otelixizumab affects GO and how it works compared to methylprednisolone (the standard treatment for active GO).

In Part A, between one and four groups of 5 patients will receive doses of otelixizumab administered over 8 days. The first dose level will provide a low cumulative dose, this low dose level has been safely administered in previous studies. Safety and clinical response data will be reviewed after 8 weeks, if no clinical response is seen and there are no safety concerns, the dose of otelixizumab will be increased and a new group of subjects will enter Part A. In subsequent groups cumulative medium low, medium high, and high doses of otelixizumab may be investigated. However if a clinical response is seen at the lowest dose the study will move directly to Part B.

In Part B, patients will receive either otelixizumab at the dose set from Part A, over 8 days (5 patients) or methylprednisolone weekly for 12 weeks (5 patients). All dosing will be by intravenous infusion. All participants will undergo long term safety evaluation for 48 months.

Key assessments include vital signs, 12-lead ECG, liver function tests, thyroid function, viral monitoring, monitoring of cortisol and ACTH levels, laboratory safety tests and adverse event (side effect) data. Assessment of GO severity will be evaluated using recommended assessments including clinical activity assessments and quality of life questionnaires. Measurements of exploratory biomarkers (proteins found naturally in the blood) are also included in this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female between 18 and 75 years of age inclusive
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of:
  • Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 mIU/ml and estradiol <40 pg/ml (<140 pmol/L) is confirmatory].
  • Child-bearing potential and agrees to use one of the agreed contraception methods listed in the protocol for an appropriate period of time to sufficiently minimize the risk of pregnancy at that point. Female subjects must agree to use contraception for at least 2 weeks prior to dosing and for at least 6 months after the last dose.
  • Male subjects must agree to use one of the contraception methods listed in the protocol. This criterion must be followed from the time of the first dose of study medication until at least 60 days after the last dose.
  • Blood test of liver function within normal range
  • Body mass index within 18.5 - 35 kg/m2 inclusive
  • Capable of giving informed consent and agreement to comply with the study restrictions
  • 12-lead ECG within normal limits
  • fT4 blood levels within reference range for at least 2 months
  • Active Graves' Ophthalmopathy (GO) with a Clinical Activity Score (CAS) of >/= 3 out of 7
  • Moderately severe GO (as defined by EUGOGO guidelines)
  • No previous immunosuppressive treatment for GO
  • Subject is seropositive for EBV with <10,000 copies of EBV DNA per 10^6 lymphocytes (qPCR) or seronegative with no evidence of acute EBV infection (asymptomatic, negative EBV IgM and EBV viral load of <10,000 per 10^6 lymphocytes)
  • The subject has no current or prior malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancer (subject must have had fewer than 5 occurrences of non-melanoma skin cancer, and the last occurrence must not be within 3 months of study entry)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody result within 3 months of screening
  • Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones)
  • Positive pre-study drug/alcohol screen. A minimum list of drugs that will be screened for include amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, opiates, cannabinoids and benzodiazepines
  • Positive test for HIV antibody
  • Positive test for syphilis
  • History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined as:
  • an average weekly intake of greater than 21 units or an average daily intake of greater than 3 units (males), or
  • an average weekly intake of greater than 14 units or an average daily intake of greater than 2 units (females)
  • Participation in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer) or planning to take any investigational drug for the planned duration of study participation (6 months after the last dose of study drug)
  • Exposure to more than four new chemical entities within 12 months prior to the first dosing day
  • History of sensitivity to any of the study medications, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation
  • Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period
  • Pregnant females as determined by positive (serum or urine) hCG test at screening or prior to dosing, or lactating females
  • Currently receiving or has received corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents within the last 3 months
  • Evidence of optic neuropathy and/or corneal breakdown
  • Immunization with a vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of study drug or requires a vaccine within 30 days after the last dose of study drug
  • A CD4+ lymphocyte count outside the range of 0.53 - 1.76 × 109/L during screening
  • Significant systemic infection during the 6 weeks before the first dose of study drug
  • Received a course of oral antibiotics within 2 weeks of dosing day one
  • History of recurrent or chronic infection
  • Subject has had a splenectomy
  • Subjects with a screening chest X-ray suggestive of TB without documentation of adequate TB treatment
  • Any major surgical procedure within the 8 weeks before signing the consent form, or planning to undergo any such surgery within the 3 months after the last dose of study drug
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular disease
  • Predisposition to thromboembolic disease, or thromboembolic event (excluding superficial) in past 12 months
  • Uncontrolled medical conditions: Significant concurrent, uncontrolled medical condition including, but not limited to renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, neurological, cerebral psychiatric disease, or evidence of demyelinating disease
  • A condition or situation that, in the investigator's judgment, is likely to cause the subject to be unable or unwilling to participate in study procedures or to complete all scheduled assessments
  • Clinically significant abnormal laboratory values during the Screening period, other than those due to GO. Abnormal values are permitted if, upon re-test, the abnormality was resolved
  • Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol
  • Mentally or legally incapacitated
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01114503

United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, NE1 3BZ
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01114503     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 112480 
Study First Received: April 29, 2010
Last Updated: May 29, 2014

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Thyroid eye disease
Graves' ophthalmopathy
Repeat dose
Intravenous infusion

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Eye Diseases
Graves Ophthalmopathy
Eye Diseases, Hereditary
Graves Disease
Orbital Diseases
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Prednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on January 19, 2017