Indocyanine Green Fluorescent Molecular Imaging of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Standard white light endoscopy involves the passage of a thin, flexible camera into the colon from the anus. Although standard white light endoscopy can detect most polyps and precancerous areas in the gastrointestinal tract and colon, many studies have shown that even the most experienced doctors, under optimal conditions, can miss up to 15-25% of precancerous areas. Thus, there remains a clear need to develop new methods of improving standard white light endoscopy. We are investigating whether indocyanine green (ICG) can serve to highlight areas which are precancerous when the colon is visualized with a special cameral which shines fluorescent light. Information from other studies suggests that this ICG agent may help to visualize blood vessels flowing to precancerous areas in the colon. We are looking at the ability of ICG, in combination with an endoscope which shines fluorescent light, to visualize precancerous areas in the colon.
High Risk Polyposis Syndrome
Distal Colonic Lesions
Drug: indocyanine green
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of Indocyanine Green Fluorescent Molecular Imaging of the Gastrointestinal Tract|
- Number of Neoplastic Lesions Detected [ Time Frame: upto 15 mins ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: ICG Injection
These participants underwent a colonoscopy after having an ICG injection.
Drug: indocyanine green
Administered intravenously during endoscopic near-infrared (NIR) imaging
- Participants will be scheduled for their regular lower endoscopy. On the day of the procedure, participants will come to the endoscopy unit at Massachusetts General Hospital. After arriving, participants will receive an intravenous line and meet with the research doctor to go over the procedure. The participant will then be transferred to the endoscopy procedure room and be administered sedatives until they are comfortable to proceed with the procedure.
- The research doctor will pass the flexible study sigmoidoscope into the lower part of the rectum. At this time, a dose of the ICG contrast agent will be administered through the intravenous line. Any areas that are suspicious will be photographed using the camera in the scope. We will also biopsy/remove any suspicious areas and send it to the pathologist as we normally do during endoscopy.
- Over the course of the study procedure, small doses of ICG will be administered to help find any precancerous areas. Altogether, the study exam should not take more than 10 to 15 minutes.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01112514
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02214|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew T. Chan, MD, MPH||Massachusetts General Hospital|