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Clinical and Genetic Studies in Familial Non-medullary Thyroid Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01109420
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 23, 2010
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Researchers are studying types of thyroid cancer that seem to cluster in families. Non-medullary thyroid cancer accounts for the vast majority of all types of thyroid cancer, but little is known about possible genes that may cause the cancer. More research is needed to develop the best ways to screen for familial non-medullary thyroid cancer (FNMTC) so that it can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage.

Objectives:

  • To evaluate the natural history of FNMTC.
  • To determine the best screening strategy for FNMTC.
  • To identify genes that may indicate susceptibility to FNMTC.

Eligibility:

- Individuals at least 7 years of age who have two first-degree relatives (e.g., parents, children, siblings) who have or have had non-medullary thyroid cancer or a documented diagnosis of non-medullary thyroid cancer and one living relative with documented non-medullary thyroid cancer.

Design:

  • Participants will be evaluated by family history pedigree, physical examination, imaging (including possible neck ultrasound and radioactive iodine scans), and laboratory testing.
  • Participants who agree to have blood or other biological samples collected will be asked to enroll in an additional study to provide the appropriate samples and tissues.
  • After the initial study evaluation, participants who are not found to have a malignant thyroid tumor will be re-screened every year with non-invasive imaging studies. Participants who are found to have a malignant thyroid tumor will be informed of possible treatment options.

Condition or disease
Non-Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Detailed Description:

Study Description:

This is a prospective cohort study of individuals with or at risk for non-medullary thyroid cancer. Individuals will be studied over time within the context of their families in order to quantify prospective risks of cancers in family members, to establish the natural history of FNMTC, define the spectrum of diseases within the families, to identify precursor states, to try to assess the contribution of genetic and environmental components of risk, and to develop effective screening strategies.

Objectives:

  1. To evaluate the natural history of familial non-medullary thyroid cancer (FNMTC).
  2. To determine the best screening strategy for FNMTC.
  3. To identify susceptibility gene(s) for FNMTC.

Endpoints:

Not applicable

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Clinical and Genetic Studies in Familial Non-Medullary Thyroid Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 12, 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Thyroid

Group/Cohort
1/ Cohort 1
Affected with non-medullary thyroid cancer
2/ Cohort 2
Non-affected members of families with non-medullary thyroid cancer



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the natural history of FNMTC [ Time Frame: end of study ]
    Evaluation the natural history of FNMTC



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
An individual with 2 first-degree relatives who have or have had non-medullary thyroid cancer or a documented diagnosis of non-medullary thyroid cancer and one living relative with documented non-medullary thyroid cancer (Note: as this is a familial study, subjects do not need to present with the disease) OR Any member of an affected family. (Note: for this study, an affected family is defined as a family having 2 or more 1st degree relatives with a documented diagnosis of FNMTC.)
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects will be selected for this protocol based on either a clinical diagnosis of non-medullary thyroid cancer and the presence of one family member with the disease or the presence of 2 living family members with this disease. Patient selection for this protocol will not be based on gender, race, or ethnic background.

In order to be eligible to participate in this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Adults or minor (>= 7 years+), males and females.
  • An unaffected individual with (Bullet) 2 first-degree relatives who have or have had nonmedullary thyroid cancer

OR

-An affected individual with documented diagnosis of non-medullary thyroid cancer and (Bullet) one living relative with documented non-medullary thyroid cancer (Note: as this is a familial study, subjects do not need to present with the disease)

OR

  • Any member of an affected family. (Note: for this study, an affected family is defined as a family having 2 or more 1st degree relatives with a documented diagnosis of FNMTC.)
  • Adults must be able to understand and the willingness to sign the informed consent document.
  • Adults must be able to complete the family history questionnaire.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be not be allowed to enroll in this study:

-Subjects unwilling/unable to give informed consent.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01109420


Contacts
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Contact: Padmasree Veeraraghavan, N.P. (301) 451-7710 ncieobinquiry@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Joanna Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, M.D. (301) 496-5052 joanna.klubo-gwiezdzinska@nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY dial 711    ccopr@nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joanna Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, M.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01109420    
Other Study ID Numbers: 100102
10-DK-0102
First Posted: April 23, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2022
Last Verified: September 28, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: .Subject level data will be shared upon request after appropriate collaboration agreements are in place.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) ):
Hereditary Cancer
Susceptibility Gene(s) for Thyroid Cancer
Screening at Risk Family Members
Natural History
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Thyroid Neoplasms
Thyroid Cancer, Papillary
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma, Papillary
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type