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Panobinostat and Letrozole in Treating Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01105312
First received: April 15, 2010
Last updated: May 23, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Panobinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using letrozole may fight breast cancer by lowering the amount of estrogen the body makes. Giving panobinostat together with letrozole may be an effective treatment for breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of panobinostat when given together with letrozole and to see how well it works in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: letrozole Drug: panobinostat Genetic: RNA analysis Genetic: microarray analysis Genetic: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction Other: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Other: immunohistochemistry staining method Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Panobinostat (LBH589) and Letrozole in Patients With Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum-tolerated Dose (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 months ]

    MTD is defined as the dose level below the lowest dose that induces dose limiting toxicity in at least one-third of patients (at least 2 of a maximum of 6

    > new patients). If dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) is not seen in any of the 3 patients, 3 new patients will be accrued and treated at the next higher dose level. If DLT are seen in 2 or 3 of 3 patients treated at a given dose level, then the next 3 patients will be treated at the next lower dose level, if only 3 patients were enrolled and treated at this lower dose level. The number of DLT's will be reported here.


  • Response Rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 5 years post-registration ]

    A confirmed response is defined to be a CR or PR (as determined by RECIST (version 1.1 criteria) noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart. Response will be evaluated using all cycles of treatment. All patients meeting the eligibility criteria who have signed a consent form and have begun treatment will be evaluable for response.

    A CR is defined as:

    All of the following must be true:

    1. Disappearance of all non-nodal target lesions
    2. Each target lymph node must have reduction in short axis to <1.0 cm

    A PR is defined as:

    At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters of the non-nodal target lesions and the short axes of the target lymph nodes taking as reference the BSD (Section 11.41)



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival Time (Phase II) [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 5 years post-registration ]
    Survival time is defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause. The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier

  • Time-to-disease Progression (Phase II) [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 6 months ]

    Time-to-disease progression (TTP) is defined as the time from registration to documentation of disease progression. If a patient dies without a documentation of disease progression, the patient will be considered to have had tumor progression at the time of their death unless there is sufficient documented evidence to conclude no progression occurred prior to death. The distribution of TTP will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. Progression is defined as at least one of the following:

    1. At least one new malignant lesion or a lymph node whose short axis has increased to >1.5 cm
    2. At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions taking as reference the MSD. In addition, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 0.5 cm

  • Progression-free Survival (Phase II) [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 6 months ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined as the time from registration to progression or death due to any cause. PFS at 6 months will be estimated. The distribution of PFS will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  • Duration of Response (Phase II) [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 5 years post-registration ]
    Duration of response is defined for all evaluable patients who have achieved a confirmed response as the date at which the patient's objective status is first noted to be a CR or PR to the earliest date progression is documented. The distribution of duration of response will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  • Clinical Benefit Rate [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 6 months ]
    Clinical benefit rate will be estimated by the total number of patients with an objective status of CR, PR, or SD for duration of at least 6 months divided by the total number of evaluable patients. All evaluable patients will be used for this analysis. Exact binomial 95% confidence intervals for the true clinical benefit rate will be calculated.

  • Time to Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 5 years post-registration ]
    Time to treatment failure (TTF) is defined as the time from the date of registration to the date at which the patient is removed from treatment due to progression, unacceptable adverse events, or refusal. The distribution of TTF will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier

  • Confirmed Response Rate (Phase I) [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 5 years ]
    A confirmed response is defined to be a CR or PR (as determined by RECIST criteria) noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart. Response will be evaluated using all cycles of treatment. All patients meeting the eligibility criteria who have signed a consent form and have begun treatment will be evaluable for response. The number of confirmed responses will be reported here.


Enrollment: 28
Actual Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: September 3, 2013
Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: panobinostat (LBH589) and letrozole
Each patient will receive panobinostat (LBH589) and letrozole. Patients will be administered LBH589 PO, 3 days per week for a total of 4 weeks. Patients will also be administered letrozole 2.5 mg PO Days 1-28 every 4 weeks. There are two phases of the study. The first phase determines the maximum tolerated dose for LBH589 in combination with letrozole. The second phase is to assess and confirm the response rate and safety profile of LBH589 in combination with letrozole.
Drug: letrozole Drug: panobinostat Genetic: RNA analysis Genetic: microarray analysis Genetic: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction Other: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Other: immunohistochemistry staining method Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary Objectives

  • To determine the maximum-tolerated dose of panobinostat in combination with letrozole in patients with metastatic breast cancer. (Phase I)
  • To determine the safety of this regimen in these patients. (Phase I)
  • To assess the confirmed response rate and safety profile of this regimen in patients with triple-negative disease. (Phase II)

Secondary Objectives

  • To assess the therapeutic effects of this regimen in these patients. (Phase I)
  • To examine the duration of response, clinical benefit rate, and time to treatment failure in patients treated with this regimen. (Phase II)
  • To examine the time to progression, progression-free survival, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen. (Phase II)
  • To examine the estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 status of tumor at primary compared to metastatic tissue, and possibly after treatment. (exploratory)
  • To bank paraffin-embedded tissue blocks/slides and blood products for future studies. (exploratory)
  • To determine expression levels of biomarkers of treatment response (i.e., ER, PR, aromatase, NFkappaB, Ki67, and Caspase 3) in accessible tumors pre- and post-therapy via immunohistochemistry. (exploratory)
  • To determine whether ELISA for KLK11 in serum can be used as marker of activity of letrozole and LBH589. (exploratory) The Phase I portion of this study closed and the Phase II portion of the study opened as per NCCTG Addendum 6, effective January 23, 2012.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I dose-escalation study of panobinostat followed by a phase II study. (The Phase I portion of this study closed and the Phase II portion of the study opened as per NCCTG Addendum 6, effective January 23, 2012.)

Patients receive oral panobinostat once daily on days 1, 3, and 5 in weeks 1-4 and oral letrozole once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Tumor tissue and blood samples are collected and banked for future biomarker and other analysis. Samples are also analyzed for biomarkers utilizing immunohistochemistry, microarray, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3-6 months for up to 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed breast cancer

    • Metastatic disease amenable to biopsy
    • Unresected tumor with no intention to undergo resection during study
  • Archival tissue from the primary diagnosis or fresh biopsy from metastatic cancer site required
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease for phase I study (The Phase I portion of this study closed and the Phase II portion of the study opened as per NCCTG Addendum 6, effective January 23, 2012.)

    • Measurable disease only for phase II study
  • Available tumor estrogen (ER), progesterone (PR), and HER2 status from metastatic site tested by IHC or FISH OR results from the original tumor diagnosis

    • Any ER, PR, or HER2 level (positive or negative) acceptable (phase I)
    • Triple-negative disease only (phase II)

      • ER and PR negative defined as ≤ 1% by IHC
      • HER2 negative

        • Patients with triple-negative breast cancer allowed provided there is clinical or radiographic evidence of tumor progression in the adjuvant or metastatic setting
  • No patients whose disease can be treated with known standard therapy that is potentially curative or definitely capable of extending life expectancy
  • No known CNS metastasis
  • Hormone-receptor status:

    • ER and PR positive or negative (phase I)
    • ER and PR negative (phase II)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-1 (phase I) or 0-2 (phase II)
  • Postmenopausal defined by 1 of the following:

    • ≥ 60 years of age
    • ≥ 45 years of age with last menstrual period ≥ 12 months prior and estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in postmenopausal range
    • Bilateral oophorectomy
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin normal
  • ALT and AST ≤ 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (≤ 5 times ULN if due to liver metastasis)
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • TSH normal (thyroid hormone supplements allowed for patients with hypothyroidism)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Willing to return to Mayo Clinic or NCCTG institution (phase II) for follow-up
  • Willing to provide blood samples for correlative research purposes
  • No uncontrolled or intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness and/or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No NYHA class III or IV cardiovascular disease
  • No known seizure disorder
  • No co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease that, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • No immunocompromised patients, including patients known to be HIV positive

    • Immunocompromised patients due to the use of corticosteroids allowed
  • No malignancy within the past 5 years except for nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No history of myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months
  • No congenital long QT syndrome or QTcF>450 msec, including:

    • Complete left bundle block or use of a permanent cardiac pacemaker, history or presence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias, clinically significant resting bradycardia (<50 beats per minute)
    • Right bundle branch block + left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block)
  • No congestive heart failure requiring use of maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy and fully recovered

    • No radiotherapy to > 25 % of bone marrow
  • Prior treatments allowed (phase II):

    • 0 or 1 prior chemotherapy regimens for breast cancer
    • ≤ 2 prior aromatase-inhibitor regimens (including letrozole)
  • Not currently receiving treatment in a different clinical study in which investigational procedures are performed or investigational therapies are administered
  • No other concurrent investigational agent for the primary neoplasm
  • No concurrent CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01105312

  Show 172 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Winston Tan, MD, FACP Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01105312     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCTG-N093B
CDR0000669300 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
NCI-2011-02035 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trials Reporting System) )
Study First Received: April 15, 2010
Results First Received: February 28, 2017
Last Updated: May 23, 2017

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
male breast cancer
estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer
estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer
HER2-negative breast cancer
HER2-positive breast cancer
progesterone receptor-negative breast cancer
progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer
triple-negative breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
stage IV breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Letrozole
Panobinostat
Progesterone
Estrogens
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Progestins
Hormones
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2017