Effects of cKit Inhibition by Imatinib in Patients With Severe Refractory Asthma (KIA)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A 28 Week, Treatment Randomized, Double -Blind, Placebo-controlled Study of the Effects of cKit Inhibition by Imatinib in Patients With Severe Refractory Asthma (KIA)|
- Methacholine responsiveness [ Time Frame: At visit 2, 12 and 16 ( 2 weeks before starting therapy and after 13 and 23 weeks of starting therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Primary outcome of this study is the change in methacholine responsiveness from baseline to 6 months of therapy in imatinib treated patients as compared with controls
- Change in airway mast cell populations and phenotype. [ Time Frame: Visit 4, 11 and 17 (2 days before starting treatment and at 12 and 23 weeks after starting treatment) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Changes in airway mast cell populations and phenotype after 24 weeks of imatinib therapy.
|Study Start Date:||November 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Imatinib treatment
Group on active imatinib treatment
Drug: Imatinib mesylate
Imatinib will be initiated at an oral dose of 200 mg (two 100 mg film-coated tables) per day during the first two weeks of treatment. If the treatment is well tolerated, an up-titration to 400 mg daily (four 100 mg film-coated tables) will occur.
Other Name: Gleevec, Zoleta, Glivec, Ziatir
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Group on Placebo treatment
Severe asthmatics remain poorly controlled despite high doses of standard asthma therapy or even daily doses of systemic corticosteroids or their equivalent. They account for a large proportion of the morbidity and mortality associated with asthma. Features that seem to characterize many patients with this disorder include persistent inflammation, symptoms, and airway hyperresponsiveness in the face of corticosteroid therapy. Mast cells are powerful, long-lived tissue dwelling effector cells that are resistant to corticosteroid effects and have been implicated in the pathobiology of asthma. Mast cells in the airway smooth muscle have been found to be the major distinguishing difference between asthmatic and non-asthmatic eosinophil airway disease; and putative circulating mast cell progenitors are increased 5 fold in asthma. Stem cell factor (SCF) is critical to mast cell homeostasis and upregulation and has pleiotropic effects on mast cells and eosinophils . SCF levels are elevated in relation to asthma severity and SCF antibodies block hyperresponsiveness and inflammation and remodeling in murine asthma models. Imatinib, a specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor, inhibits cKit (Kit), the receptor for SCF on mast cells. Imatinib at doses equivalent to, or below, doses safely used in humans, also mimics or exceeds anti-SCF effects in the murine asthma model. Therefore we would like to know Does imatinib, an inhibitor of Kit, ameliorate severe asthma, in association with effects on lung mast cell phenotype and/or function?
Specific Aims of the study are:
Specific Aim 1: To investigate whether, in patients with persistent airway responsiveness and poor asthma control despite intensive asthma therapy, 24 weeks of imatinib therapy results in a reduction in airway responsiveness and in secondary indicators of asthma control, airway inflammation, and structural changes in the airways.
Patients will be treated with imatinib in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Assessments will include methacholine and AMP reactivity, airway function, symptoms, airway wall thickness by CT scan, analysis of induced sputum, non-invasive markers of airway inflammation, and bronchoscopy including endobronchial biopsy and bronchoalveolar lavage - all before and at the end of therapy.
Specific Aim 2: To investigate whether, in patients with persistent airway responsiveness and poor asthma control despite intensive asthma therapy, 24 weeks of imatinib therapy results in changes in airway mast cell population and/or phenotype.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01097694
|United States, Alabama|
|University of Alabama|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Brigham and Womens Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|United States, Missouri|
|Washington University School of Medicine|
|St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|United States, New York|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|United States, Ohio|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19140|
|United States, Wisconsin|
|University of Wisconsin|
|Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792|
|Principal Investigator:||Elliot Israel, M.D||Brigham and Womens Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Joshua Boyce, M.D||Brigham and Womens Hospital|