Study of Micrometastases in Patients With Stage I or Stage II Localized Colon Cancer That Can Be Removed by Surgery
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01097265|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2011 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : April 1, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2013
RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures such as sentinel lymph node mapping may help doctors find patients who are at risk of developing micrometastases and plan better treatment.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying micrometastases in patients with stage I or stage II localized colon cancer that can be removed by surgery.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Colorectal Cancer||Drug: capecitabine Drug: oxaliplatin Other: active surveillance Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Procedure: adjuvant therapy Procedure: lymph node mapping Procedure: sentinel lymph node biopsy||Phase 2 Phase 3|
- To determine the subset of patients with stage I or II localized, resectable colon cancer (pN0) at risk for developing systemic metastases.
- To determine the clinical and prognostic relevance of occult nodal isolated tumor cells and micrometastases in these patients.
- To determine the benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with pN0micro+ colon cancer.
OUTLINE: This is a phase II feasibility study (stage 1) followed by a phase III multicenter, open-label, randomized, and controlled study (stage 2).
- Stage 1 (phase II feasibility study) After undergoing planned curative resection followed by ex vivo sentinel lymph node mapping (SLNM). Resected samples are examined. The sentinel lymph nodes of those deemed pN0 disease (no macroscopic metastases or angioinvasion) are further evaluated for micrometastases by serial sectioning and immunohistochemistry using pan-cytokeratin. pN0micro+ disease are defined as isolated tumor cells (ITC) < 0.2 mm or micrometastasis 0.2 - 2 mm. Patients with pN0 disease are followed-up once every 6 months for 3 years and then annually for 2 years.
stage 2 (phase III randomized study): Patients undergo planned surgery and ex vivo SLNM as in stage 1. Patients with pN0micro- disease are assigned to arm C; patients with pN0micro+ disease are randomized to 1 of 2 intervention arms (arms A and B). .
- Arm A (pN0micro+): Patients receive oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14 and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 OR oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14 alone according to standard protocol. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 8 courses. Patients are followed-up once every 6 months for 3 years and then annually for 2 years.
- Arm B (pN0micro+): Patients are followed-up once every 6 months for 3 years and then annually for 2 years.
- Arm C (pN0micro-): Patients are followed-up once every 6 months for 3 years and then annually for 2 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||1500 participants|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||The Influence of Micrometastases on Prognosis and Survival in Stage I-II Colon Cancer Patients: The EnRoute+ Study|
|Study Start Date :||July 2010|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 2015|
- Accrual rate (total number of pN0 patients included in the registration study monthly/center) (stage 1)
- Rate of upstaging in pN0 colon cancer patients (stage 1)
- Disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years (stage 2)
- Percentage of successful sentinel lymph node mapping procedures using multivariate analysis (stage 2)
- Overall survival (OS) at 3 years (stage 2)
- Stratified analysis of DFS and OS according to total harvested lymph nodes per resected specimen and chemotherapy regimen (capecitabine and oxaliplatin versus capecitabine alone) (stage 2)
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01097265
|Jeroen Bosch Ziekenhuis||Recruiting|
|'s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands, 5211 NL|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-73-699-2701 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Vrije Universiteit Medisch Centrum||Recruiting|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1007 MB|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-20-444-4300|
|Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital||Recruiting|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1066 BE|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-20-512-9111|
|Academisch Medisch Centrum at University of Amsterdam||Recruiting|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105 AZ|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-20-566-9111|
|Eindhoven, Netherlands, 5602 ZA|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-40-239-9111|
|University Medical Center Groningen||Recruiting|
|Groningen, Netherlands, 9700 RB|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-50-361-2317|
|Leiden University Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Leiden, Netherlands, 2300 RC|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-71-526-2309 email@example.com|
|Academisch Ziekenhuis Maastricht||Recruiting|
|Maastricht, Netherlands, 6202 AZ|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-43-387-7025|
|Universitair Medisch Centrum St. Radboud - Nijmegen||Recruiting|
|Nijmegen, Netherlands, NL-6500 HB|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-24-361-0353 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|University Medical Center Rotterdam at Erasmus Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Rotterdam, Netherlands, 3000 CA|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-10-463-5995 email@example.com|
|University Medical Center Utrecht||Recruiting|
|Utrecht, Netherlands, 3584 CX|
|Contact: Contact Person 31-30-250-9111|
|Principal Investigator:||Koop Bosscha, MD||Jeroen Bosch Ziekenhuis|