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Midostaurin and Azacitidine in Treating Elderly Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01093573
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 26, 2010
Results First Posted : May 1, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brenda Cooper, MD, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
RATIONALE: Midostaurin may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Midostaurin may help azacitidine kill more cancer cells by making the cancer cells more sensitive to the drug. PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of midostaurin when given together with azacitidine and to see how well it works in treating elderly patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: midostaurin Drug: azacitidine Other: bone marrow aspiration Other: mutation analysis Other: Pharmacokinetic study Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safe and tolerable dose of midostaurin in combination with azacitidine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. (Phase I) II. To describe the toxicity profile of the combination of midostaurin and azacitidine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. (Phase I/II) III. To determine the complete and partial response rate and rate of hematologic improvement of midostaurin and 5-azacitidine in untreated acute myelogenous leukemia. (Phase I/II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe pharmacokinetics of oral midostaurin given in combination with azacitidine on a day 8-21 schedule. (Phase I/II) II. To correlate treatment response with FLT3 mutational status in a descriptive fashion. (Phase I/II) III. To assess overall survival of patients from initiation of midostaurin-azacitidine toxicities. (Phase I/II) IV. To determine median disease-free survival of the regimen in untreated patients. (Phase II)

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe signaling in CD117+ committed myeloid precursors in whole blood and bone marrow samples before and during treatment. (Phase I/II) II. To measure in vivo FLT3 inhibition using plasma inhibition assay (PIA) and Flt ligand (FL) levels in patients enrolled on this trial before and during treatment. (Phase I/II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose escalation study of midostaurin followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive azacitidine intravenously (IV) over 10-20 minutes on days 1-7 and midostaurin orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 8-21. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Midostaurin (PKC412) and 5-Azacitidine for Elderly Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.
Study Start Date : July 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 8, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : May 5, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Level 1
Aza at 75 mg/m2 D1-7 & Midostaurin 25 mg BID D 8-21
Drug: midostaurin
Given orally
Other Names:
  • N-benzoyl-staurosporine
  • PKC412

Drug: azacitidine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-AC
  • 5-azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • azacytidine
  • ladakamycin
  • Vidaza

Other: bone marrow aspiration
Correlative study: Pretreatment bone marrow aspirates or blood [(3 ml in EDTA tube (purple top)] will be analyzed according to local institution guidelines to determine whether blasts contain wild type Flt3, ITD, or Flt 3 mutations.

Other: mutation analysis
Correlative study

Other: Pharmacokinetic study
Correlative study: Concentrations of unchanged midostaurin and its major metabolites, CGP52421 and CGP62221 in plasma samples will be determined using a validated liquid chromatography / mass spectrometry method.
Other Name: Pharmacokinetic studies

Experimental: Dose Level 2
Aza at 75 mg/m2 D1-7 & Midostaurin 50 mg BID D 8-21
Drug: midostaurin
Given orally
Other Names:
  • N-benzoyl-staurosporine
  • PKC412

Drug: azacitidine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-AC
  • 5-azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • azacytidine
  • ladakamycin
  • Vidaza

Other: bone marrow aspiration
Correlative study: Pretreatment bone marrow aspirates or blood [(3 ml in EDTA tube (purple top)] will be analyzed according to local institution guidelines to determine whether blasts contain wild type Flt3, ITD, or Flt 3 mutations.

Other: mutation analysis
Correlative study

Other: Pharmacokinetic study
Correlative study: Concentrations of unchanged midostaurin and its major metabolites, CGP52421 and CGP62221 in plasma samples will be determined using a validated liquid chromatography / mass spectrometry method.
Other Name: Pharmacokinetic studies

Experimental: Dose Level 3
Azacitidine 75 mg/m2 IV D1-7 & Midostaurin 75 mg PO BID D 8-21
Drug: midostaurin
Given orally
Other Names:
  • N-benzoyl-staurosporine
  • PKC412

Drug: azacitidine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-AC
  • 5-azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • azacytidine
  • ladakamycin
  • Vidaza

Other: bone marrow aspiration
Correlative study: Pretreatment bone marrow aspirates or blood [(3 ml in EDTA tube (purple top)] will be analyzed according to local institution guidelines to determine whether blasts contain wild type Flt3, ITD, or Flt 3 mutations.

Other: mutation analysis
Correlative study

Other: Pharmacokinetic study
Correlative study: Concentrations of unchanged midostaurin and its major metabolites, CGP52421 and CGP62221 in plasma samples will be determined using a validated liquid chromatography / mass spectrometry method.
Other Name: Pharmacokinetic studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose of Midostaurin in Combination With Azacitidine in Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Patients received azacitidine 75 mg/m intravenous over 30 minutes daily for 7 consecutive days followed by escalating doses of oral midostaurin (25 mg bid, 50 mg bid, and 75 mg bid) days 8-21. Determination of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was based on dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) observed during the first cycle of treatment

  2. Number of Participants With Hematologic Improvement (Phase I) [ Time Frame: After 2 cycles of therapy ]
    Number of participants with HI. Hematologic improvement (HI): must last at least 2 months in the absence of ongoing cytotoxic therapy and will be another endpoint of interest (although it will not be considered in the final statistical analysis) and will be defined according to IWG criteria .

  3. Overall Response Rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: after 4 months of treatment ]
    Number of participants with CR, CRi, PR and Hematologic improvement (HI). Response will be assessed using the standard morphologic criteria for acute leukemia as follows: Complete remission (CR): ANC ≥ 1000/ uL and platelets of > 100,000/ uL without circulating blasts and bone marrow with < 5% blasts and no Auer rods; Morphologic complete remission with incomplete blood recovery (CRi): Patients fulfills all of the criteria for remission except for residual neutropenia (ANC < 1000/ uL) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100,000/uL). Partial remission (PR): This designation requires at least a 50% decrease in the bone marrow blasts to 5-25%.

  4. Toxicity Profile (Phase II) [ Time Frame: during treatment up to 10 cycles ]
    Number of patients experiencing at least one instance of specific treatment emergent adverse events


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Time to progression after confirmed response

  2. Overall Survival (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Median time of overall survival of participants from initiation of midostaurin-azacitidine

  3. Correlate Treatment Response With FLT3 Mutational Status in a Descriptive Fashion.(Phase I) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 cycles (16 weeks) ]
    Number of participants with FLT3 mutation that had a response to treatment


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pharmacokinetic Profile of Midostaurin Given With Azacitidine (Phase I) [ Time Frame: after 2 cycles ]
    Change in Midostaurin trough levels and active metabolite levels between cycles one and two

  2. Changes of Phosphorylation Status of FLT3 in Blood and Bone Marrow Samples (Phase I/II) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 4 cycles (16 weeks) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients must have histologic proof of active AML at time of enrollment
  • Phase I and II portion: Subjects of any age with untreated AML, if not candidates for standard induction chemotherapy or with poor risk AML (i.e. preceding MDS, myeloproliferative syndromes, leukemia due to cytotoxic chemotherapy for another condition, adverse cytogenetics or complex karyotype), or any subjects > 70 years of age with untreated AML. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (FAB M3) is excluded
  • Please note: prior intensive induction therapy for acute leukemia is allowed only in the phase I portion of this study

    • PHASE I PORTION ONLY: Patients of any age who have received no more than one prior attempt at induction chemotherapy (and may have received treatment consolidation), must have recovered from acute toxicities of therapy and be >= 4 weeks from last dose of cytotoxic treatment; patients who have received prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation are not eligible; patients may have received 1 or 2 cycles of cytarabine-based therapy as attempted induction.

  • Phase II portion: Patients must have not received any prior intensive induction therapy for AML.

    • Intensive induction includes standard induction chemotherapy such as 7 & 3, high dose cytarabine, mitoxantrone-etoposide, low-dose subcutaneous cytarabine.
    • Allowed "non-intensive" prior treatments for pre-existing hematologic conditions (i.e., MDS, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia [CMML]) will include: hydroxyurea, thalidomide, hematopoietic growth factors, Zarnestra, Lenalidomide, arsenic, Imatinib, and corticosteroids, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid [SAHA] inhibitors; hydroxyurea is allowed up to 24 hours before initiating treatment and to control blood counts during the first cycle of chemotherapy after azacitidine has completed; a minimum of 4 weeks must have elapsed since the administration of thalidomide, Zarnestra, Revlimid, arsenic, SAHA inhibitors, or any investigational medication; a minimum of five days must have elapsed since the administration of growth factors

      • Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for another condition treated with curative intent is allowed provided at least 18 months has elapsed between last treatment and enrollment on protocol
      • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
      • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 1.5 times the upper limits of normal
      • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5x upper limit of normal
      • Creatinine =< 1.5x upper limit of normal
      • No exclusion for blood counts; however, at the time of treatment initiation, white blood cell (WBC) should be < 30,000/uL (can be controlled with hydroxyurea)
      • Life expectancy without treatment of at least 12 weeks
      • Patients with and without FLT3 mutations will be eligible to participate
      • Patients must have the ability and willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (FAB M3)
  • Prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant
  • Prior azacitidine, decitabine, or midostaurin
  • Patients with known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of midostaurin; patients with gastric bypass surgery are excluded
  • Patients with any other known active cancer (except carcinoma in-situ), concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes, pulmonary, chronic renal disease, active uncontrolled infection)
  • Cardiovascular Criteria will exclude a patient from participation in the study will include:

    • Screening electrocardiogram (ECG) with a QTc > 450 msec;
    • Patients with congenital long QT syndrome;
    • History or presence of sustained ventricular tachycardia;
    • Any history of ventricular fibrillation or torsades de pointes;
    • Bradycardia defined as heart rate (HR) < 50 bpm;
    • Right bundle branch block + left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block);
    • Patients with myocardial infarction or unstable angina < 6 months prior to starting study drug;
    • Congestive heart failure (CHF) New York (NY) Heart Association class III or IV;
    • Patients with an ejection fraction =< 45% assessed by multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO) scan within 14 days of day 1
    • Poorly controlled hypertension
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to azacitidine, mannitol, or midostaurin
  • Active or suspicion of central nervous system (CNS) leukemia
  • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease or active viral hepatitis
  • Patients with hepatitis B
  • Patients with an abnormal chest X-ray and/or any pulmonary infiltrate including those suspected to be of infectious origin; in particular, patients with resolution of clinical symptoms of pulmonary infection but with residual pulmonary infiltrates on chest x-ray are not eligible until pulmonary infiltrates have completely resolved
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Prohibited medications: PKC412 and its two major metabolites may have a potential of drug-drug interactions with P-gp substrates and CYP3A4 inhibitors, and inducers. An increased anticoagulant effect has been noted in patients treated with warfarin and midostaurin.
  • Patients who have received any investigational agent within 30 days prior to day 1
  • Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 3 months of midostaurin medication. Highly effective contraception methods include:

    • Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
    • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
    • Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female subjects on the study the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject.
    • Combination of any two of the following (a+b or a+c, or b+c):

      1. Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception.
      2. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
      3. Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository

In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking study treatment Sexually active males unless they use a condom during intercourse while taking drug and for 5 months after stopping midostaurin medication. They should not father a child in this period. A condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men in order to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01093573


Locations
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United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
United States, West Virginia
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia, United States, 26506
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brenda Cooper, MD
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Brenda Cooper, MD Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Brenda Cooper, MD, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Brenda Cooper, MD, Principal Investigator, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01093573    
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE1908
NCI-2009-01285 ( Other Identifier: NCI/CTRP )
First Posted: March 26, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 1, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Keywords provided by Brenda Cooper, MD, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Untreated myelodysplastic syndromes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Azacitidine
Midostaurin
Staurosporine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors