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The purpose of the study is to determine whether circulating molecular and cellular biomarkers are predictive of imatinib effect on pulmonary artery hypertension.
Condition or disease
We hypothesize that bone marrow progenitor cells are mobilized into the circulation in PAH, home to the lungs and differentiate into mast cells, which promote vascular remodeling and vasoconstriction through release of renin and chymase. As a corollary to this, we hypothesize that anti cKit tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), imatinib, provides clinical benefit to patients through inhibition of mast cell progenitor proliferation, mobilization and differentiation. To test this, we will determine if mast cell progenitors and mast cell biomarkers are related to imatinib clinical response. This will be an ancillary study, part of a placebo-controlled, double-blind multi center clinical trial of imatinib in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients diagnosed with PAH that are enrolled in the Imatinib clinical trial.
from Imatinib Trial
Male or Female 18 years or older
A current diagnosis or Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension according to the Dana Point 2008 Meeting: WHO Diagnostic Group I, idiopathic or heritable (familial or sporadic) PAH, PAH associated with collagen vascular disease including systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, mixed connective tissue diseases, and overlap syndrome. PAH following one year repair of congenital heart defect (ASD, VSD, or PDA), or PAH associated with diet therapies or other drugs
A PVR>1000dynes.sec.cm-5(as assess by RHC at screening or in the 2 months preceding the screening visit despite treatment with two or more specific PAH therapies, including endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA), phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors (PDE5), or inhaled, intravenous or oral prostacyclin analogues for ≥3 months. On stable background therapy doses for ≥ 30 days except for warfarin (≥30 days but doses can vary even within the mouth before enrollment)
WHO Functional Class II-IV. For WHO Functional Class IV, one of the 2 or more specific PAH therapies must be an inhaled, intravenous or oral prostacyclin analogue, unless the subject has been shown to be intolerant of prostacyclin analogues.
6MWD≥150meters and ≥450meters at screening. Distances of two consecutive 6MWTs should be within 15% of one another.
Ability to provide written informed consent
Exclusion Criteria: from Imatinib Trial
Women of childbearing potential who are not practicing birth control methods.
Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of positive hCG laboratory test (> 5 mIU/MI)
Have previously received treatment with imatinib
In treatment with chronic nitric oxide therapy
Pre-existing lung disease including parasitic diseases affecting lungs, congenital abnormalities of the lungs, thorax or diaphragm or bronchial asthma associated with chronic hypoxia that may contribute to severity of PAH
With a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure >15 mm Hg to rule out PAH secondary to left ventricular dysfunction
With a diagnosis of pulmonary artery or vein stenosis
With other diagnosis of PAH in WHO Diagnostic Group 1 re excluded including congenital systemic to pulmonary shunts (large, small that not surgically repaired, portal hypertension, HIV infection, glycogen storage disease, Gaucher's disease, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, hemoglobinopthaies, myeloproliferative disorders)
With a diagnosis of PAH associated with: venous hypertension (WHO Diagnostic Group II), hypoxia (WHO Diagnostic Group III), chronic pulmonary thromboembolic disease (WHO Diagnostic Group IV) or other miscellaneous causes (WHO Diagnostic Class V, which includes sarcoidosis, histiocytosis X, lympangiomatosis, compression of pulmonary vessels).
With deficient thrombocyte function, thrombocytopenia >50x109/L(50x103/µL)
With a history of acute heart failure or chronic left sided heart failure
With uncontrolled systemic arterial hypertension, systolic >160mmHg or diastolic >90mmHg
With hemoglobin <100g/L (10 g/dl)
With deficiencies of blood coagulation, inherited or acquired blood disorders, factor XII, factor XIII; decreased generation of coagulation factors due to acute or chronic liver diseases, efficient coagulation due to auto-antibodies against coagulation factors such as in lupus anticoagulant
With disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
With evidence of major bleeding or intracranial hemorrhage
With a history of latent bleeding risk such as diabetic retinopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding due to gastric or duodenal ulcers, or colitis ulcerosa
With a history of moderate or greater hepatic insufficiency transaminase levels >4times the upper limit or normal or a bilirubin >2times the upper limit of normal
With a history of renal insufficiency (serum creatinine >200µmol/1or 2.6mg/dl)
Previous therapeutic radiation of lungs mediastinum
With a history of sickle cell anemia
With a QTcF>450msec for males and >470 msec for females at screening
With a history of ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation or ventricular flutter
Having syncope in the 3 months prior to the screening visit
With a history of Torsades de Pointes
With a history of long QT syndrome
Having undergone atrial septostomy in the 3 months prior to screening visit
Having undergone radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial or sinus arrhythmias in the 3 months prior to screening visit
With an advanced, sever, or unstable disease of any type that may interfere with the primary and secondary endpoint evaluations
With a history of immunodeficiency diseases, including HIV
With a known hypersensitivity to QTI571 or drugs similar to the study drug
With a disability that may prevent the patient from competing all study requirements and in particular, interfere with the 6MWT assessment
With a life expectancy of 6months or less
Having used other investigational drugs at the time of enrollment, within 30 days or 5 half-lives of enrollment, whichever is longer
With a history of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin), treated or untreated, within the past 5 years, regardless of whether there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases.
With a diagnosis of Hepatitis B or C
With a history of alcohol abuse within 6 months of screening
With a history of illicit drug abuse within 6 months of screening