Vitamin D Dose Finding Study

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Identifier:
First received: March 23, 2010
Last updated: August 1, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

Optimal vitamin D (vit D) concentration and metabolism are essential for normal immune function, growth, muscle, bone, and inflammatory status in children, adolescents and adults with HIV/AIDS. The impact of vit D supplementation will be evaluated for safety and efficacy using clinically important outcomes, and this will overcome the critical barrier for use of vit D supplementation in research and clinical care. Inexpensive and easy to administer, vit D supplementation may prove to be an effective and feasible treatment for symptoms and prevention of side effects for people of all ages living with HIV/AIDS in the US and around the world.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Cholecalciferol (Vit D3)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safe and Effective Vitamin D Supplementation in HIV

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Determined by incidence of elevated serum calcium (above age specific range) associated with elevated serum 25D concentrations (>160ng/ml).

  • Efficacy of the Two Doses (4000 and 7000 IU/d) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Daily D3 supplementation will result in 25D >= to 32/ng/ml

Enrollment: 44
Study Start Date: January 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 4000IU
Subjects in this arm take a daily dose of 4000IU of Vitamin D3
Drug: Cholecalciferol (Vit D3)
To test two oral daily doses (4000 vs. 7000 IU) of cholecalciferol (D3) dietary supplement (capsules or liquid) over a 3-month period in 44 children, adolescents and adults with HIV/AIDS.
Other Names:
  • Carlson D Drops: The D Drop Company
  • Nutraceutical Life Sciences Vitamin D3 2000 IU capsules: Vitacost
  • NOW Foods 5000 IU softgels: Now Health Group, Inc.
Active Comparator: 7000IU
Subjects in this arm of the study take a daily dose of 7000IU of Vitamin D3
Drug: Cholecalciferol (Vit D3)
To test two oral daily doses (4000 vs. 7000 IU) of cholecalciferol (D3) dietary supplement (capsules or liquid) over a 3-month period in 44 children, adolescents and adults with HIV/AIDS.
Other Names:
  • Carlson D Drops: The D Drop Company
  • Nutraceutical Life Sciences Vitamin D3 2000 IU capsules: Vitacost
  • NOW Foods 5000 IU softgels: Now Health Group, Inc.

Detailed Description:

The key role of vitamin D (vit D) in maintaining optimal bone health has long been recognized, but its role in modulating the innate immune response and inflammatory reaction has only recently come under active investigation. As such, vit D is an increasingly frequently chosen and prescribed high dose dietary supplement,because it is thought to improve immune and inflammatory status in healthy people of all ages, and in those with chronic diseases including HIV/AIDS. Vit D also has calciotrophic functions essential for bone health, and poor vit D status contributes to the osteopenia/osteoporosis associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Vit D may improve insulin/glucose/lipid metabolism, blood pressure and risk of some cancers, all of which may complicate HIV/AIDS and its treatments. Poor vit D status is common in patients with HIV/AIDS of all ages and factors such as age, skin pigment, lactose intolerance and sun exposure alter the risks for vit D deficiency. In the multicenter U.S. REACH study of adolescents (72% African American), with and without HIV, showed that 87% had low serum 25D concentrations (<15 ng/mL), compared to 34% in a recent sample of healthy African American children from Philadelphia. Young African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV infection in the US (~ 55% among persons with HIV aged 13 to 24 years are African American), and are also at high risk for vit D deficiency. Vit D therapy has great promise to improve major medical conditions and the quality of life for our patients with HIV/AIDS, yet the potential role of vit D in the treatment of HIV/AIDS has not been formally tested. Well-designed randomized trials are urgently needed to determine vit D supplementation safety and efficacy.

The investigators propose a two-phase study to establish safety and efficacy of high dose vit D supplementation in children and adults with HIV/AIDS. In Study Phase I, the safety and efficacy of two oral vit D3 doses (4000 and 7000 IU/d) are determined over 12 weeks in 44 subjects ages 5.0 to 24.9 y. The key safety measure is concurrently elevated serum calcium and 25D concentrations. Efficacy is evaluated by serum 25D concentration and cathelicidin (innate immune, antimicrobial protein) mRNA expression. Study Phase II is a 12 month, double blind, randomized, placebo controlled supplementation study (n=52). Key outcomes include safety and longterm 25D concentration within the goal range (32 to 160 ng/mL), improved cathelicidin mRNA expression, and measures of bone, muscle, inflammation, growth and body composition status, and HIV/AIDS disease severity. Based on the evidence and promise, vit D clearly deserves to be among the first nutrients evaluated in the National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) HIV research program.


Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 24 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. HIV seropositive diagnosed with standard techniques
  2. Age for perinatally-acquired HIV/AIDS Group (PA subjects): 5.0 to 24.9 y
  3. Age for non-perinatally-acquired HIV/AIDS Group (non-PA subjects): 15.0 to 24.9 y
  4. In usual state of good health (no hospitalizations, emergency room or unscheduled acute illness visits for 2 weeks prior)
  5. Subject and/or family commitment to the 3-month study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Other chronic health conditions that may affect growth, dietary intake, and/or nutritional status
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Participation in another HIV intervention study with impact on 25D serum concentrations
  4. Use of vit D supplementation (subjects willing to discontinue supplementation will become eligible after a 2-month washout period)
  5. Baseline elevated serum calcium concentration
  6. Non-English speaking
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01092338

United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Principal Investigator: Virginia Stallings, MD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
  More Information

Responsible Party: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Identifier: NCT01092338     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-007332, R01AT005531
Study First Received: March 23, 2010
Results First Received: January 7, 2013
Last Updated: August 1, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Vitamin D
Complementary therapies

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vitamin D
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Growth Substances
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on August 27, 2015