Study Comparing the Safety and Effectiveness of Magnetic Resonance Guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) and External Beam Radiation (EBRT) for Treatment of Metastatic Bone Tumors and Multiple Myeloma
Device: Exablate treatment
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase IIIA Study Comparing the Safety and Effectiveness of MR Guided Focused Ultrasound and External Beam Radiation for Treatment of Metastatic Bone Tumors and Multiple Myeloma|
- Safety [ Time Frame: 6 months ]compare incidence and severity of adverse events associated with the ExAblate MRgFUS bone system used in the palliation of pain due to metastatic bone tumors or multiple myeloma to that of EBRT
- Effectiveness [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Efficacy will be determined by the level of pain relief (measured by Pain Scale)
- Effectiveness [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Decrease in analgesics/opiate
- Effectiveness [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Improved quality of life (measured by questionnaires)
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Exablate treatment
Device: Exablate treatment
MR Guided Focused Ultrasound
Active Comparator: Radiation
External Beam Radiation
External Beam Radiation
Bone is the third most common organ involved by metastatic disease behind lung and liver . In breast cancer, bone is the second most common site of metastatic spread, and 90% of patients dying of breast cancer have bone metastasis. Breast and prostate cancer metastasize to bone most frequently, which reflects the high incidence of both these tumors, as well as their prolonged clinical courses. Post-cancer survival has increased with improvement in early detection and treatments. As a consequence, the number of patients developing metastatic bone disease during their lifetime has also increased.
Current treatments for patients with bone metastases are primarily palliative and include localized therapies (radiation and surgery), systemic therapies (chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiopharmaceutical, and bisphosphonates although the primary goal of the use of these therapies are often to address the disease itself), and analgesics (opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Recently, radiofrequency ablation has been tested as a treatment option for bone metastases . Currently, an off label use of Cryoablation techniques are being tested as another alternative for bone Mets palliation. The main goals of these treatments are improvement of quality of life and functional level. These goals can be further described:
- Pain relief
- Preservation and restoration of function
- Local tumor control
- Skeletal stabilization
Treatment with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is the standard of care for patients with localized bone pain, and results in the palliation of pain for many of these patients. Twenty to 30% of patients treated with radiation therapy do not experience pain relief [9-13]. Re-treatment rates are generally reported in the range of 10-25%. Many patients with relapsed pain or poor response to initial radiation may be lost to follow up or may not be referred back to oncologists for consideration of re-radiation. In addition to relapse and re-treatment, there is an increased risk of pathologic fracture in the peri-radiation period. The fracture rate reported in radiation studies is generally in the range of 1% to 8%. The hyperemic response weakens the adjacent bone and increases the risk of spontaneous fracture. Furthermore, patients who have recurrent pain at a site previously irradiated may not be eligible for further radiation therapy secondary to limitations in normal tissue tolerance. Hesitation on the part of physicians to use a larger dose may be related to increased long-term toxicity. Larger radiation dose produces a greater risk of complications such as fibrosis of normal soft tissue, which can cause a decrement in the quality of life in cases of life expectancy longer than 6 months. There may also be a greater incidence of acute side effects of nausea and vomiting if the treatment field includes the stomach. The percent of patients experiencing vomiting following EBRT ranges from about 5% to 30%.
A palliative treatment for painful bone metastases that is non-invasive, without long-term toxicity and having minimal complications would be a useful tool for treating physicians and also a beneficial option for patients suffering from painful bone metastases. Results of preliminary studies indicate that ExAblate treatment of painful bone metastases may be a beneficial treatment option [14, 15]. The ExAblate system is a non-invasive thermal ablation device used in the coagulation of various types of soft tissue. The ExAblate system has the potential to achieve the first three of the four previously mentioned goals in the treatment of bone tumors; namely pain relief, preservation and restoration of functional levels and local tumor control .
This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of MR Guided Focused Ultrasound and External Beam Radiation for treatment of metastatic bone tumors or multiple myeloma.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01091883
|Ramat Gan, Israel|
|Contact: Adva Goldshtain +972-50-7569935 Adva.Goldshtain@sheba.health.gov.il|