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Irinotecan and Bevacizumab for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01091259
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 23, 2010
Results First Posted : October 19, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 24, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of irinotecan in the treatment of women with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer or primary peritoneal cancer when combined with bevacizumab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ovarian Cancer Fallopian Tube Cancer Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma Drug: Irinotecan Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Accumulating data suggests that angiogenesis plays a critical role in the formation and development of a number of solid tumors including ovarian cancer. For women with ovarian cancer, a direct relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and tumor vascularity has been documented. In vivo and in vitro data has demonstrated that increased angiogenesis and microvessel density are negative prognostic factors for women with ovarian cancer. These observations have fueled interest in incorporating anti-angiogenic agents into ovarian cancer treatment regimens.

Several phase II trials of irinotecan in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer showed that the drug had efficacy in both chemotherapy-naïve patients and in those who had been previously treated with standard therapies, including platinum-based compounds, radiation, or both. Combination of bevacizumab, an antibody against VEGF, and irinotecan was studied in colorectal cancer and malignant brain neoplasms. In these trials, the combination was shown to be safe and effective.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of irinotecan in the treatment of women with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer or primary peritoneal cancer when combined with bevacizumab. In this phase II open-label study patients will be treated with bevacizumab 15 mg/kg and irinotecan 175mg/m^2 every 3 weeks. Patients will undergo pre-treatment evaluation within 4 weeks of enrolling into the study. Clinical and laboratory evaluation will be performed every 3 weeks. Imaging studies and CA-125 measurements will be used to assess response to treatment.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Irinotecan in Combination With Bevacizumab for the Treatment of Recurrent Ovarian Cancer.
Study Start Date : March 2010
Primary Completion Date : February 2014
Study Completion Date : May 2015

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Irinotecan with Bevacizumab
Irinotecan is administered every 3 weeks at a dose of 175 mg/m^2, bevacizumab is administered at 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Irinotecan is administered before bevacizumab. Patients will continue on therapy until evidence of disease progression, or until development of adverse events that prevent further treatment, or if the patients wishes to discontinue therapy.
Drug: Irinotecan
Other Names:
  • Camptosar
  • CPT-11
Drug: Bevacizumab
Other Name: Avastin

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) Rate at 6 Months [ Time Frame: 6 months from the start of treatment ]
    The PFS rate at 6 months is the percentage of patients that experience a PFS event during the first 6 months in the study. The PFS is defined as the time from date of first dose of study medication to the date of first documented disease progression, or death from any cause, whichever is first. Patients who die without a reported prior progression will be considered to have progressed on the day of their death. Progression is evaluated by Response and Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST) 1.0 or CA125 criteria if no measurable disease as doubling of CA125 levels from either the upper limit of normal or the nadir CA125 level.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of all patients with confirmed partial response (PR) or complete response (CR). PR and CR are evaluated by RECIST 1.0 or CA125 if no measurable disease (PR: CA125 decreases by > 50%; CR: CA125 decreases to the normal range).

  2. Median Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Defined as the length of time from the start of treatment that half of the patients are still alive and without disease progression. Progression is evaluated by RECIST 1.0 or CA125 if no measurable disease (PR: CA125 decreases by > 50%; CR: CA125 decreases to the normal range; progression is defined on the basis of a confirmed doubling of CA125 levels from either the upper limit of normal or the nadir CA125 level)

  3. Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Defined as the length of time from the start of treatment that half of the patients are still alive.

  4. Number of Patients Who Experienced Grade 3 and Higher Toxicities [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]

Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal carcinoma
  • Patient should have measurable or evaluable disease as defined by the following.
  • Measurable disease: At least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest dimension to be recorded). Each lesion must be ≥ 20 mm when measured by conventional techniques, including palpation, plain x-ray, CT and MRI, or ≥ 10 mm when measured by spiral CT.
  • Evaluable (nonmeasurable) disease: Patients who do not meet measurable criteria will be eligible having known disease with CA125 levels >50 U/mL on two occasions at least one week apart. They will be considered for CA125 response criteria.
  • Any number of prior chemotherapy regimens
  • Any number of prior bevacizumab-containing regimens
  • No chemotherapy within the last 2 weeks prior to initiating this study.
  • Karnofsky Performance status score ≥ 60%.
  • Patients must have a life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
  • Patients must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Patients must understand and willingly sign an approved informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • Life expectancy of less than 12 weeks
  • Current, recent (within 4 weeks of the first infusion of this study), or planned participation in an experimental drug study other than a Genentech-sponsored bevacizumab cancer study
  • Active malignancy, other than superficial basal cell and superficial squamous (skin) cell, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix within last five years

Bevacizumab-Specific Exclusions

  • Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg)
  • Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure
  • History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to Day 1
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to Day 1 Known central nervous system disease, except for treated brain metastasis
  • Treated brain metastases are defined as having no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment and no ongoing requirement for dexamethasone, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (MRI or CT) during the screening period. Anticonvulsants (stable dose) are allowed. Treatment for brain metastases may include whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), radiosurgery (RS; Gamma Knife, LINAC, or equivalent) or a combination as deemed appropriate by the treating physician. Patients with CNS metastases treated by neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy performed within 3 months prior to Day 1 will be excluded
  • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to Day 1
  • History of hemoptysis (>= 1/2 teaspoon of bright red blood per episode) within 1 month prior to Day 1
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation)
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 1 or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure, excluding placement of a vascular access device, within 7 days prior to Day 1
  • History of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months prior to Day 1
  • Serious, non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture
  • Proteinuria as demonstrated by a UPC ratio >= 1.0
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of bevacizumab
  • Pregnancy (positive pregnancy test) or lactation. Use of effective means of contraception (men and women) in subjects of child-bearing potential
  • History of abdominal fistula or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to start.
  • Any history of prior gastrointestinal perforation
  • Patients believed to possibly be at higher than average risk of perforation, including symptoms or findings of partial or complete bowel obstruction, history of fistula, patients requiring parenteral nutrition and hydration, and those with history of prior perforation due to tumor or perforation within last 6 months from other causes will be excluded from study
  • Patients with evidence of abdominal free air not explained by paracentesis
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01091259

United States, New York
Bellevue Hospital Center (NYU Langone Medical Center affiliate)
New York, New York, United States, 10016
New York University Clinical Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York University School of Medicine
Genentech, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Franco Muggia, MD New York Unviersity Cancer Institute
More Information

Responsible Party: New York University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01091259     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NYU 09-0029
First Posted: March 23, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 19, 2015
Last Update Posted: November 24, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by New York University School of Medicine:
antibody therapy
biologic therapy
combination therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action